House of the Beautiful Courtyard (Casa
del Bel Cortile)
house with a beautiful courtyard as the name implies was named after
the courtyard which occupies most of the building. The building
itself was built in the middle of the first century AD. The
arrangement of rooms here is somewhat unusual for ancient Roman
houses. So at the entrance to the lobby of the house on the right
were three rooms. Next, you find yourself in the patio itself.
Further from this courtyard there is a staircase upstairs to the
second floor, where there were three rooms of a private nature.
The house with a beautiful or lovely courtyard is located on the
east side of Cardo IV. The house is quite unusually located, more
similar to the architecture of the Italian medieval building than to
the ancient world. Entrance (a) opens into a long low room with a
ceiling (b), which serves both as the lobby and atrium of the house.
The room has preserved some of the decorations. The murals belong to
the fourth style, which consisted of geometric patterns.
it south of the entrance are three small cubes - small rooms ((c),
(d) and (e)) with a simple fourth-style decoration. On the north
side of the lobby was a small kitchen (f), which has an extremely
low doorway (as shown on the right), and on the side there is an
entrance to the courtyard (g), after which the house was named.
The yard rises above the level of the vestibule and connects to
the large Tablinum (I) in the south. The courtyard, which is
decorated with frescoes in the fourth style with shades of red.
There is also a wide staircase with a parapet very similar to
medieval architecture. The four rooms upstairs connected to the
landing and a wooden balcony that protrudes from the front of the
house overlooking Cardo IV. These rooms have preserved several
frescoes in the fourth style.
Tablinum is located south of the courtyard. This
large rectangular room has an intricate mosaic floor. The room,
which occupies more than a quarter of the total area on the ground
floor, is decorated in the fourth style using red and yellow colors.
On the western wall is a glass box with some human remains. It was
unlikely that this was the owner of the house. Families usually
moved together and therefore perished together. It is possible that
it was a slave who was sent back to pick up some valuable thing.
However, there are archaeologists who have suggested that this is
the body of a thief who decided to rob a rich abandoned house. We
probably will never know the reasons why a person stayed, but it is
known that death overtook him here.
On the north side of the courtyard is a fairly
large room (h), which is decorated with fourth-style frescoes with
red panels. The murals contain architectural themes and human
figures on a white background. In the picture you can also see part
of the decor of the first floor, which also used the fourth style on
a white background.