House of the Carbonised Furniture (Casa
del Mobilio Carbonizzato)
house with Carbonised furniture is one of the oldest buildings in
Herculaneum, built during the Samnite period. During the reign of
Emperor Claudius, the building was renovated and the walls were
painted with colorful frescoes in the third and fourth style. A
house with Carbonised furniture, like the neighboring Samnite House,
is one of the oldest buildings in Herculaneum. It was built during
the Samnite period and renovated in the first century AD during the
reign of Emperor Claudius. The house was decorated in the third and
fourth architectural styles.
The entrance hall (a) can be
accessed from the east from Cardo IV. From here it is possible
directly to the atrium (b), without an imply pool. The atrium was
decorated in the third style, but little remains of this decoration.
Only small pieces of plaster survived the eruption. The atrium, like
the neighboring Samnite house, has an upper gallery decorated with
The tablinum (c) or the owner’s office was decorated
in the third style with red and yellow panels depicting figures
above the lower red border. Tablinum has a beautiful white mosaic
floor with a thin black border. The windows from the room are open
to a small rectangular garden (d) in the east of the estate. The
courtyard itself is small, but it has a small pool - an impluvium
for collecting rainwater and a lararium - a home temple dedicated to
the deity of the house (e). It is decorated with stucco bas-reliefs
and paintings, and the roof stands on two side columns.
Room (e) directly to the south of the entrance
hall is decorated with frescoes in the fourth architectural style
with the image of architectural objects, a framed picture of a
rooster and a still life. The courtyard at the back of the Tablinum
also acts as a light source for the room (h). The room has three
windows, and it itself is decorated with fourth-style frescoes with
red panels depicting medallions and small mythological scenes above
the black border that runs along the bottom of the room. In this
room, the charred remains of the dining couch have been wonderfully
preserved. On such furniture lay the ancient Romans during dinners.
Two stairs lead to the upper floor - one near the entrance and one
from the kitchen (g) on the north side of the atrium.