samnite house was built in the second century BC. the Interesting
part of this house is that in the upper part of the atrium there is
a closed gallery with ionic columns lined with artificial stucco
marble. Center of atrium is occupied by an impluvium (small pool)
for collecting rainwater.
The samnite House of Herculaneum was built in the 2nd century BC. This is one of the oldest residences in the city. During the first century ad, the house underwent changes and reconstruction. The samnite house originally occupied the entire southern part of Insula V and included a three-sided peristyle, possibly with a Hortus, which once stood on the site of a later House with a Great Portal. During the first century ad, the house was divided and the upper floor was rented out. Its inhabitants had their own smaller entrance to the left of the main entrance.
In addition, the Eastern part of the property, including the area around the peristyle, was sold, possibly for financial reasons. This rearrangement allowed the new owners of The house with a large entrance to build a new house on the site of the former peristal. The samnite house was therefore cut off from the rest of the former estate. all that remained was a huge atrium with only a few small rooms around it.
The short entrance hall (a) is decorated with frescoes in the first
style, imitating multicolored marble and surrounded by an entrance
with tufa columns with Corinthian capitals. The hallway floor is
covered with a mosaic of dark red and white tiles in a geometric
pattern. The entrance hall opens into an impressive atrium (b),
which is decorated with frescoes in the fourth style, with a Central
marble impluvium. The atrium has a gallery with ionic columns closed
by a lattice and open to the East. When the house was divided, the
openwork screen was partially closed so that the upper level was
fenced off as a separate corridor.
To the right of the entrance is a cubicle (C) with green monochrome frescoes decorated with architectural motifs, curtains. In the very center, a small panel illustrating the myth of the Abduction of Europa. The room has a red and white mosaic floor, the samakomnata is illuminated by a small window in its southern wall. Room (d) on the North side of the entrance has lost most of its decoration except for the red frescoes on its East wall. The room, which has a mosaic floor with a black-and-white geometric pattern, is lit by a small window in its Western wall. The adjacent cubicle (e) with a similar decoration has lost most of its mural decoration. In the Northwest corner of the room, the wall was moved to accommodate a bed.
In the middle of the North side of the atrium is a doorway leading to a small room (f), which gave access to the servants ' room and from here led a steep staircase to the upper floor. Room (g) in the northeast corner of the atrium is decorated in the fourth style, with large blue / black panels with a Central image of the Edicule. The decoration of the upper zone consists of architectural themes on a white background. Daylight fell into the room through a large window in the partition between the room and the adjacent Tablinum (h).
A corridor on the South side of the Tablinum led to the peristyle square at the back of the house, which consisted of a colonnade and courtyard. The elegant decoration of the first floor is very different from the decorations on the upper floor, where the door number 2 led. Many interesting artifacts were found in the Samnite house, including a statue of Venus and a table with legs made in the form of dogs.