M. Nonius Balbus was built after the earthquake of 62 years. Local
proconsul politician M. Nonius Balbus gave part of his wealth to the
construction of a number of public buildings. He did not forget
about his family and built several statues dedicated to himself. So
even today we can look at the face of this famous person in the life
Terrace of M. Nonius Balbus lies at the foot
of the gangway that leads to Cardo IV. Entrance (a) opens onto a
rectangular square that leads to Suburban termae (b) in its eastern
The sacred place of Herculaneum is located in the
suburban district of the city. Here were located the temple of Venus
and the temple dedicated to the four deities of Minerva (she is
Athena), Vulcan (the blacksmith god working in the depths of
volcanoes, Mercury (the god of commerce and thieves) and Neptune
(the god of the sea). By the way, it should be noted that the
ancient Romans they did not know that Vesuvius is a dangerous
volcano, in front of the temples in the open sky there are marble
altars on which they burned gifts to the gods, usually carcasses of
The Sacred Place of Herculaneum lies to the west of
the terrace of M. Nonius Balbus. Access to the site goes through the
passage lane (a) on its eastern part, where the ramp from Cardo IV
Street joins the terrace. The square was built over vaulted boat
houses or docks, on the ancient shore of the Gulf of Naples.
In the far corner were rooms that might have been used for storage.
The first of the two temples (b) was dedicated to the goddess Venus,
the Roman version of the Greek Aphrodite, the goddess of love. The
building was completely restored after an earthquake in 62 years.
The restoration was funded by Vibidia Saturninea and her son A.
Furius Saturninea. The small temple of Zella stands on a small
podium (photo below). The temple has a vaulted ceiling and retains
part of its original painted stucco, whose paintings are based on
the theme of the garden. In front of the honored pedestal was once a
The second temple (C), also restored after the earthquake, was
dedicated to the four gods Vulcan, Neptune, Mercury and Minerva, as
evidenced by the neo - attic reliefs that were torn from the
building by the force of pyroclastic flow , the Reliefs were
recently discovered and their copies were placed in Celle. This
temple is also placed on a small podium. In the extreme Northwest
corner of the square are the remains of another building (D), the
use of which has yet to be determined. Note: the originals of the
four reliefs shown here can be seen at the National archaeological
Museum in Naples.