House of the Tuscan Colonnade (Casa
del Colonnato Tuscanico)
house with the Tuscan colonnade is named after the Central
colonnade. House with a Tuscan colonnade, located on Decumanus
street. This Villa probably belonged to a patrician at the time of
the eruption, but the house was originally a small Samnite building,
which was later enlarged. The original Tuscan colonnade House
originally consisted of several rooms around a Central atrium (d).
The house was significantly expanded in the early years of the first
century ad, when additional land was acquired by merging with a
second house with an entrance (K) on Cardo III street. The added
area allowed the addition of a Tuscan colonnade and an internal
The house with its Tuscan colonnade was rebuilt
again after the earthquake of 62 ad, when two of its street rooms
(rooms (b) and (c)) facing Decumanus Maximus street were turned into
shops. Business owner apparently came to a deplorable state and had
to survive. The store (b) on the West side of the entrance to the
house is quite poorly preserved and is now in very poor condition.
However, the store (C) on the East side of the entrance is much
better preserved and retains most of its interior including frescoes
executed in the third style. The decoration consists of alternating
red and blue panels above the lower black frieze. The upper zone
consists of blue and white panels containing mythical architecture
and female figures on a red background.
The corridor (a),
whose frescoes are only partially preserved, opens into a fairly
simple square atrium (d) or living room. The atrium has a Central
marble recess where the rainwater collection pool was located. The
frescoes on the walls are only partially preserved. There are only a
few traces of the original decoration in the fourth style.