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Arch of Constantine (Rome)

Arch of Constantine (Rome)






Description of Arch of Constantine

The Arch of Constantine was built in 315 to celebrate the victory of Emperor Constantine over his rival Maxentius. Legend has it that Constantine had a dream before the battle, where he saw a Christian symbol that led him to victory. He forced his soldiers to draw this symbol on their shields and won. This sign consisted of the letters "X" and "P", the first two letters of the word "Christ" in Greek. However, when he built the arch of a single Christian cross or the name of Jesus Christ he did not inflict. Later, he nonetheless issued a Milanese decree in 313, which made Christianity a legitimate religion and tolerant within the empire. It will be several decades before the new faith becomes the official religion of the state. An interesting feature of the monument is that most of it was stolen from older buildings and monuments. In some reliefs of the Arch of Constantine, you can see the scenes of Emperor Trajan, who conquers the Dacian tribes of Romania. On other fragments you can see the image of Marcus Aurelius, who distributes bread to the poor.

The Arch of Constantine is 21 m high, 25.9 m wide and 7.4 m deep. It has three arches, the central one is 11.5 m high and 6.5 m wide, and the side arches are 7.4 m at 3 4 m each. Above the arch of Constantine is a structure consisting of brickwork, lined with marble. The staircase in the arch has its entrance at a certain height above the ground, on the west side, opposite the Palatina Hill. The overall design with the main part and with the main inscription above is modeled after the Arch of Septimius Sever on the Roman Forum.




Arch of Constantine - History

The triumphal arch of Constantine was built between 312 and 315 AD. It was dedicated to the Senate to commemorate the ten-year reign of Emperor Constantine (306-337) and his victory over the then reigning Emperor Maxsetius (306-312) in the battle of Milvia Bridge on October 28, 312, as described on his inscription on the top of the arch, and officially opened 25 July 315. Not only did the Roman Senate build an arch in honor of the victory of Constantine, they also celebrated the victory with a series of games that repeated every decade. However, Constantine did not actually live in the city and did not greatly use the arch built in his honor. He entered Rome on October 29, 312, amid great rejoicing. He lived here for two months, and then left Rome and returned here only at 326. That is, the emperor himself saw his arch only ten years after its official opening. This strange fact made many historians question the dating and involvement of Constantine in the construction of the arch. Some researchers argued that it can not be called the arch of Constantine, that in fact it is an earlier work since the reign of Emperor Hadrian, revised during the reign of Constantine. Another theory claims that it was established or, at least, started by Maksetsi himself, while other scholars believe that this arch of Constantine was already standing at the time of Domitian (81-96).

The ancient road of the Roman triumphs, Via Triumphalis, passed between the Palatine Hill and Tselii Hill, where it deviates from Via Sacra (the sacred street). On this route, the Roman empires passed from the beginning at Camp Martius to the Palatine Hill, passing through the Arches of Titus and Septimius Severus.

In the Middle Ages, the Arch of Constantine was incorporated into one of the family fortresses. Restoration works were first performed in the 18th century, and the last excavations took place in the late 1990s, shortly before the 2000 Great Jubilee. The arch served as a finish line for a marathon sporting event for the 1960 Summer Olympics.





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