Julia was built in 44 BC, when Julius Caesar replaced the restored
Curia Cornelius Faust Cornelius Sulla, who herself replaced the more
ancient Curia Hotilia. Caesar did this to redesign both spaces
within Komitas and the Roman Forum. However, this work was
interrupted by the murder of Caesar at the Theater of Pompey, where
the Senate met temporarily, until the work was completed. The
project was ultimately completed by Caesar's successor, Augustus
Caesar, in 29 BC.
Curia Julia - one of the few Roman
buildings, which is still preserved mainly untouched due to its
transformation into the Basilica of Sant Adriano al Foro in the 7th
century and a few late restorations. However, the roof, the upper
facades of the side walls and the rear facade are modern and belong
to the reconstruction of the deconservation church in the 1930s.
Curia was later restored by Emperor Domitian in 94 AD e., and then
the emperor Diocletian in the 3rd century. Inside you can see two
panels that were removed from the rostra for preservation. One
depicts a meeting with a simple woman with a child, the other
depicts the act of burning tax documents. Thus, Guy Julius Caesar
eliminated all the debts of Roman citizens.
History of Julia Curia
During the Roman civilization there were many
curias, many of which existed simultaneously. Curia simply means
"meeting house." Although the senate met regularly in the curia in
the comitia space, there were many other buildings dedicated to
meeting and discussing laws. Curia Julia is the third named chicken
in the committee. Several buildings were built on the site of an
ancient Etruscan temple, built in honor of the truce at the end of
the Sabine conflict. When this original temple was destroyed, Tullus
Chotilius rebuilt it and gave it its name - Curia Hottilia. The
building stood for several hundred years until the fire destroyed
the smoke again, and the new building was dedicated to its financial
benefactor Cornelius Sulla.
In fact, the building that is now
on the forum is the second incarnation of Caesar’s curia. From 81 to
96, Curia Julia was restored by Emperor Domitian. In 283, Curia
Julia suffered greatly from the fire during the Emperor Karin. From
284 to 305, Curia was rebuilt by Diocletian. These are the remains
of a Diocletian building that stands today. In 412, Curia Julia was
restored again, this time by city prefect Annius Euchar Epiphanius.
On July 10, 1923, the Italian government acquired Curia Julia
and the nearby monastery of the S. Adriano church from the College
of Spagna for approximately 16,000 lire.