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Curia (Rome)

Curia (Rome)






Description of Curia Julia 

Curia Julia RomeCuria Julia was built in 44 BC, when Julius Caesar replaced the restored Curia Cornelius Faust Cornelius Sulla, who herself replaced the more ancient Curia Hotilia. Caesar did this to redesign both spaces within Komitas and the Roman Forum. However, this work was interrupted by the murder of Caesar at the Theater of Pompey, where the Senate met temporarily, until the work was completed. The project was ultimately completed by Caesar's successor, Augustus Caesar, in 29 BC.

Curia Julia - one of the few Roman buildings, which is still preserved mainly untouched due to its transformation into the Basilica of Sant Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and a few late restorations. However, the roof, the upper facades of the side walls and the rear facade are modern and belong to the reconstruction of the deconservation church in the 1930s. Curia was later restored by Emperor Domitian in 94 AD e., and then the emperor Diocletian in the 3rd century. Inside you can see two panels that were removed from the rostra for preservation. One depicts a meeting with a simple woman with a child, the other depicts the act of burning tax documents. Thus, Guy Julius Caesar eliminated all the debts of Roman citizens. 




History of Julia Curia

During the Roman civilization there were many curias, many of which existed simultaneously. Curia simply means "meeting house." Although the senate met regularly in the curia in the comitia space, there were many other buildings dedicated to meeting and discussing laws. Curia Julia is the third named chicken in the committee. Several buildings were built on the site of an ancient Etruscan temple, built in honor of the truce at the end of the Sabine conflict. When this original temple was destroyed, Tullus Chotilius rebuilt it and gave it its name - Curia Hottilia. The building stood for several hundred years until the fire destroyed the smoke again, and the new building was dedicated to its financial benefactor Cornelius Sulla.

In fact, the building that is now on the forum is the second incarnation of Caesar’s curia. From 81 to 96, Curia Julia was restored by Emperor Domitian. In 283, Curia Julia suffered greatly from the fire during the Emperor Karin. From 284 to 305, Curia was rebuilt by Diocletian. These are the remains of a Diocletian building that stands today. In 412, Curia Julia was restored again, this time by city prefect Annius Euchar Epiphanius.

On July 10, 1923, the Italian government acquired Curia Julia and the nearby monastery of the S. Adriano church from the College of Spagna for approximately 16,000 lire. 




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