Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa

Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa


Location: 8 km from Tapae Map

Found: 2nd century AD


Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa is an ancient Roman archeological site situated 8 km from Tapae in Romania. It was originally found in the 2nd century AD. At first it was used as an important Roman military camp (Castrum). It was a base for the V Macedonian Legion of the Roman Empire. The Legion was to guard the local gold mines, as well as the road by which the gold was transported to Rome. The romanization of the local population, the construction of civil, administrative and commercial buildings began. The city's population consisted mainly of retired military men and their families, often of mixed descent, although Roman colonists generally predominated. His first name Ulpia Traiana was in honor of the Emperor Trajan, a native of Spain. The city grew rapidly, becoming first a colony and soon receiving the prestigious status of Jus Italicum within the Italian law of the Empire. By the end of the II century, it occupied an area of 30 hectares and had almost 30 thousand people, a developed system of civil infrastructure and fortifications, not inferior, thus, in terms of its development to any of the provincial centers in the West of the Empire. In 222-235 the city was called metropolis (megapolis). In the most Roman Dacia on size and significance with him could compete only Napoca.

The rise and fall of
For greater solemnity, Emperor Hadrian gave the colony the full name Ulpia Trayana Augusta Dacian Sarmizegetuza, to emphasize the historical continuity of the new capital and the old Dacian fortress Sarmizegetuza, the ruins of which were located 50 km East of Ulpia Trayana. In the center of the Roman capital is the forum with the adjacent vast Palace of the augustalis-priests of the cult of the Roman emperors Augustus. There was also a large amphitheater. At the end of the III century defeated by the Goths. After the departure of the Romans from Dacia after 271, Ulpia Traiana became dramatically desolate, although it seems to have been partially inhabited until the beginning of the fifth century. Between the third and fifth centuries, the Romanesque population that remained in the city completely abandoned it and dispersed to the neighboring hills. The Roman toponym has not survived. Unlike other Roman settlements (eg. Apulum, Napoca), the city never again revived, even after the arrival of other peoples.


Travel Destinations in Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa


Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa  Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa Amphitheatre Reconstruction