Abramtsevo Estate Museum is located 60 km (35 mi) Northeast of Moscow in Russia.
It is a small holiday village in the Sergiev Posad district of the
Moscow region. Near the village there is a museum-reserve of the
same name, organized in 1918 by the forces of the daughter of the
famous industrial patron S. I. Mamontov, who owned the estate since
1870. This kept the estate from ruin during the years of Soviet
The main advantage of the Abramtsevo estate, known at
least from the XVI century, has always been its picturesque location
on the high bank of the Vory, surrounded by forests that once served
as excellent hunting and fishing sites. In the 18th century, F.I.
Golovin, who lived here for over half a century, was engaged in
arranging the estate. He planted a garden, set up a regular park,
and built a wooden one-story house that was preserved in its base,
to which a mezzanine and an outbuilding were later added. At the end
of the 18th century, the Molchanov family acquired the Abramtsevo
estate, and in 1843 it became the property of the S.T. Aksakova.
Moving away from the service, he settled in Abramtsevo and it was
here that he wrote the first books, enthusiastically met both by
critics and by the general public - “Notes on Fishing” and “Notes of
the Gun Hunter of the Orenburg Province”. Later the autobiographical
trilogy of Family Chronicles was dictated here. Aksakov was
intimately acquainted with many famous people of his time, and in
his house often I.S. Turgenev, F.I. Tyutchev, M.S. Schepkin, T.N.
Granovsky and the favorite of the whole family N.V. Gogol.
In 1870, the daughter of Aksakov sold Abramtsevo
S.I. Mamontov. He brought the dilapidated estate in order and
arranged here a summer residence. Mammoths fully preserved the old
manor house, having attached only a small outbuilding to it, and
began a new construction, the fruits of which were several
remarkable buildings, now being the pride of the museum. Under
Mamontov, "Abramtsevo" quickly turned into a major center of Russian
culture, where famous and not-so-good artists visited. Repin,
Polenov, Vasnetsov, Serov, Vrubel were here. All of them took a
lively part in the estate construction, becoming the authors of the
projects of new buildings and sketches of furniture. Around the same
time, carpentry-Rizcicka and ceramic workshops were organized, whose
works were not only used in the design of the estate, but also
quickly became known throughout the country.
revolution, the manor was immediately nationalized, but already in
October 1918, the daughter of Mamontov managed to get the Guard
letter from the People's Commissariat of Education and became the
first keeper of the local treasures. In the 1930s, a holiday home
for art workers was organized here and only after the war, the manor
regained the status of a museum.
How to get there By train Platform Abramtsevo. From
Yaroslavsky railway station in the direction of Sergiev Posad or
Alexandrov to the platform "Abramtsevo", then 15-20 minutes on foot
along the forest path, starting from the railway platform directly
under the red triangular roof. The path is shown on the museum
website. There is a slightly longer walking route - on a dirt road,
and then on a highway.
By car On the Yaroslavl highway
before the turn to Leshkovo and Radonezh, then turn left in Khotkovo
and another 5 km follow the signs for Abramtsevo.
Next to the manor museum, you can eat in the restaurant of the
Gallery (11:00 - 23:00) - this is a brick building styled like
Abramtsevo both inside and outside, although the quality of styling
raises questions. If this option does not suit you, you can go to
Khotkovo, where right next to the station there is a couple of usual
eateries for the suburbs.