Arkhangelskoe  or Arkhangelskoye Estate

Image of Arkhangelskoe or Arkhangelskoye


Location: 20 km (12 mi) West of Moscow   Map

Tel. (495) 363 1375

Open: 9am- 6pm Mon- Fri

9am- 7pm Sat- Sun

Closed: last Wed of the month


Description of Arkhangelskoe Estate

Arkhangelskoe or Arkhangelskoye Estate (Архангельское) is situated in the Moscow suburb Krasnogorsk, 20 km (12 mi) West of Moscow in Russia. It is one of the most splendid residences constructed in the 18th century. Arkhangelskoe Estate was originally found in the 1660's when it was owned by a nobleman Y.N. Odoevsky. From 1681 to 1703 the estate belonged to M.Y. Cherkassky. It was later sold to the Gallitzin family who owned it between 1703 and 1810. It was during their rule Arkhangelskoe Estate got its main Grand Palace along with numerous smaller buildings. The current palace was constructed in 1784 by the orders of Nikolay Alekseevich Gallitzin. In 1810 the estate was sold to Yusupov family. Prince Nikoli Yusupov was an avid art collector who gathered a large collection of art from all over Europe and Asia. After the Soviet Revolution of 1917 the palace was nationalized by the government and turned into a museum.
The Grand Palace of Arkhangelskoe Estate was constructed in the 1780s under the supervision of the French architect Charles de Gurney. in the 1790s another foreign architect, this time an Italian D. Trombaro added three terraces with marble balustrades in front of the palace. The terraces were decorated with flowerbeds, balustrades were decorated with vases, statues, busts of ancient Greek and Roman gods, philosophers and various heroes from the ancient mythology. Large park that surrounded Arkhangelskoe Estate gave it fame of a Moscow Versailles.
Stone Church of the Archangel Michael was built in the 1660s on the site of the wooden church that dates back to the XVIth century. Arkhangelskoe Estate theater was built in 1817-1818 under the supervision of architect P. Gonzaga. The scenery and the curtain of the famous Italian artist somehow survived to this day. Temple-tomb "Colonnade" was constructed by the Yusupov nobleman clan. It was intended for the elaborate burial of one of the Yusupov princes who was killed in the duel. However, a breakout of World War I and subsequent Russian Revolution of 1917 prevented it being used for the intended purpose.

In 1919 Arkhangelskoe Estate was converted into a Historical and Art Museum-Reserve. A unique part of the museum fund is a collection of Western European (France, Italy, the Netherlands and many others) paintings XVII-XIX centuries that were collected by the Yusupov family. The art collection of the Russian art is relatively small and consists mainly of works by serf masters. Additionally there several items of historic furniture dating with XVIII-XIX centuries. A large collection of books represented almost all existing branches of knowledge (18 sections) in the early 20th century. Most of the books were published in French.


The history of the estate

The estate has been known since 1584 - at that time it was in the joint possession of the estate owner Alexei Ivanovich Upolotsky and the groom Osip Matveyev, Ryazantsev's son. By the name of Upolotskiy, the estate was called Upoloza. She was listed in the Goretovsky camp of the Moscow district.

In 1646, here in the possession of Fyodor Ivanovich Sheremetev there was an estate and a wooden church in it. In the 17th century, the Odoevsky princes became its owners. From 1681 to 1703, the patrimony belonged to Prince M. Ya. Cherkassky. From 1703 to 1810 the estate remained in the Golitsyn family. Since 1703, the estate passed to Prince Dmitry Mikhailovich Golitsyn, who, under the Empress Anna Ioannovna, was accused of "criminal intent" to deprive the empress of power. Exiled to Moscow, he mostly lived in Arkhangelskoye - until 1736, when he was arrested. However, in 1741 the estate was returned to his son, Alexei Dmitrievich, after which it passed to Nikolai Alekseevich Golitsyn. The latter, during a visit to Paris in 1780, for 1200 livres, ordered the project of a new palace to the local architect Jacques-Jaco Guern. Construction began in 1784, presumably, the author of the project did not even come to Russia, and the work was carried out under the guidance of another architect. This is indicated, in particular, by the rejection of the basement depicted in Herne's project and the circular cylindrical vault around the central pillar under the ceremonial circular hall. In the 1790s, according to the design of the Italian Giacomo Trombara (Italian: Giacomo Trombara), two terraces with marble balustrades were arranged in front of the palace. There are flower beds on the terraces, balustrades are decorated with vases, statues, busts of ancient gods, heroes and philosophers. The highlight of the park that was being created was a small ensemble of buildings called Caprice. It was built by a little-known Italian architect Giovanni Petondi. The complex had a library building and a riding hall with extremely interesting interiors. The arena had an iron fence with stone pillars decorated with vases. A small garden with a sculpture of Cupid was planned in front of the arena.

After the death in 1809 of Prince N.A. Golitsyna, his wife Maria Adamovna, inherited the Arkhangelskoye estate.

In 1810, the estate was purchased by Prince N. B. Yusupov for 245 thousand rubles. The sold property also included a glass manufacturing plant. Mainly, Yusupov needed the estate to maintain his image, which by that time was gradually fading away.

Valuable collections were housed in the estate (among the sculptures was Canova's Kiss). But the war with Napoleon began, and the collection had to be hastily evacuated to distant Astrakhan. The estate was plundered. Moreover, in 1820 the estate was damaged by fire. The best Moscow architects II Zhukov, O. Bove, ED Tyurin were invited for the restoration; Giuseppe Artari re-painted the walls of the dining room (Egyptian hall), ceremonial and other rooms.

The park has become a worthy setting for the palace complex, thanks to which the estate is called “Versailles near Moscow”.

The estate has constantly attracted the attention of contemporaries. At various times, it was visited by such outstanding figures of Russian culture as the historian and writer N.M. Karamzin, poets A.S. Pushkin and P.A.Vyazemsky, writers A.I. Herzen and N.P. Ogarev, artists V. A. Serov, A. N. Benois, K. E. Makovsky, K. A. Korovin, musicians K. N. Igumnov and I. F. Stravinsky.

The members of the Russian imperial family also paid attention to Arkhangelskoye. Alexander I and Nicholas I, Alexander II and Alexander III, as well as Nicholas II visited it.

In 1901, the architect P.V. Kharko carried out repairs and restoration of individual premises of the main manor house. In 1910 the artist I. I. Nivinsky carried out the restoration of the murals and grisailles of the main house. In 1913-1914, restoration work in the palace was carried out by II Nivinsky and the architect RI Klein.

After the revolution, the estate was requisitioned, in 1919 the estate was turned into a history and art museum. Later, in 1934-1937, on the site of the former greenhouses over the Moskva River, the buildings of the Arkhangelskoe Central Military Clinical Sanatorium (architect VP Apyshkov) appeared, which changed the view of the Moskva River valley.

From 1945 to the mid-1990s, the base of the CSKA sports club, in particular, the football and hockey teams, was located on the estate.


The architectural ensemble of the estate
Grand Palace (1784-1820s)
Tomb-temple of the Yusupovs ("Colonnade") (1909-1916, architect R. I. Klein, with the participation of A. D. Chichagov, G. B. Barkhin; interiors decorated by artist I. I. Nivinsky)
Temple of the Archangel Michael (1660s)
Holy Gate (1824)
Earthen Fence (1826)
Pantry above the ravine (end of the 18th century, rebuilt by O.I. Bove 1816, in 2006 the pantry conference room was equipped with presentation equipment)
Office wing (late 18th century, rebuilt in 1822-1823 by architect E.D. Tyurin)
Small Palace "Caprice" (late 18th century, rebuilt in 1817-1818 according to the project of the architect E.D. Tyurin)
Tea house (after a fire in 1820; before that, from the end of the 18th century - a library)
Theater Gonzago (1817-1818, architects E. D. Tyurin, V. Ya. Strizhakov and S. P. Melnikov, designed by O. I. Bove)
Temple-monument to Catherine II (after the model of M. I. Kozlovsky, Moscow, 1819)
Pink Fountain (1850s)
Monument to Alexander Pushkin (workshop of Kutyrin, Moscow, 1903)
Imperial column in honor of the visit to the estate by the Russian emperor Alexander I (1816).

Homestead in modern culture and art
Homestead in cinema and television
In 1983, in the Arkhangelskoye estate, the shooting of the musical film "The Merry Widow", an operetta by the Hungarian composer Franz Lehar, took place. In the frames of the film, the interiors of the estate are clearly visible. For example, the view of the lawn in front of the Tomb of the Yusupovs.

In 2009, the Bank of Russia, as part of the series "Architectural Monuments of Russia", issued a 25-ruble silver coin depicting elements of the manor's architectural ensemble: the Grand Palace with a terrace and a fountain, the tomb temple (Colonnade) and a statue of a reclining lion. In honor of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the State Museum-Estate "Arkhangelskoye", the Bank of Russia on April 1, 2019, issued two commemorative silver coins in denominations of 3 rubles and 25 rubles.

The manor today
Currently, the estate is divided into two parts, one of which, including the palace, is fenced, guarded and access to its territory is paid, the second, where the Gonzago Theater and Apollo Grove are located, is not guarded and is open to the public. Ilyinskoe highway passes between the territories.

Restoration work is underway at the Grand Palace and the Gonzago Theater. The restored state rooms of the palace (Lobby, Entrance Hall, Oval Hall) were opened for guided visits on April 30, 2009, and the Gonzago Theater from June 10, 2009. The architectural and park ensemble of the estate, an exposition of paintings by West European artists of the 18th century are also open for inspection. in the "Colonnade", in the "Office Wing", an exhibition dedicated to Yusupov porcelain is being prepared for opening, which will feature exhibits from 11 leading museums in Russia (opening April 30, 2009), exhibitions of contemporary artists in the "Storeroom over the ravine" and the Lower Hall "Colonnades".

The manor periodically hosts concerts, the jazz festival “Usadba. Jazz".

Not far from the estate is the Vadim Zadorozhny Museum of Technology. In 2005, it was announced about the construction of the first "city for millionaires" in Russia near the estate - an autonomous urban settlement of Rublevo-Arkhangelskoye, designed for 30,000 residents with high and ultra-high incomes.

By the Decree of the President of Russia dated October 18, 2017 No. 493, the state budgetary cultural institution "The State Museum-Estate" Arkhangelskoye "" "is classified as a particularly valuable cultural heritage site of the peoples of the Russian Federation.

At the beginning of 2020, the media began to disseminate information that according to the new project, commercial development is planned on the territory of 300 hectares of the Arkhangelskoye Museum-Estate. This caused a public outcry, and required clarifications on the project. According to the director of "Arkhangelskoye" Vadim Zadorozhny, the project developed by the Institute of the General Plan of Moscow on the order of the museum-estate "Arkhangelskoye" passed the historical and cultural expertise, coordination in the government and the prosecutor's office of the Moscow region, the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, as well as the procedure for public discussions and was approved on May 26 2020 According to the document, the historical landscape of the estate and the area around it will be preserved and even expanded by 105 hectares.

Director of the State Museum-Estate "Arkhangelskoye" - Vadim Zadorozhny.