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Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Bogolyubovo)

Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Bogolyubovo)

 

 

 

 

Constructed: 12 century

 

 

 

 

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Description of Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is made of medieval lower tiers that are visible today crowned with a newer bell tower and the main dome that was added in 1751- 58. Despite its modest size it is one of the most famous churches in Bogolyubovo as it a site of a murder of Prince Andrew Bogolybsky. In fact the actual niche where he died is still well preserved. Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is medieval church that dates back to 1157- 58. At the time of the construction it was part of the royal palace complex. Parts of the original wall are still preserved around the perimeter with subsequent layers of brick added during massive reconstruction in 1751- 58.

 

Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is a single domed church. The roof is supported by round columns with carved capitals pained to look like marble. The interior of the building was decorated with carved copper, gold plated panels. The floor was covered by slabs of red copper with a choir covered with glazed tiles with images of ornaments, animals and birds. Colorful frescoes were made in 1150s by the Byzantine Greek masters who were specially invited to Russia. Most of copper plates in Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary however were stolen by forces of Ryazan (one of the Russian feudal city- states) prince Gleb. Later his work was finished by the hordes of the Mongol- Tatar invaders.

 

Lestvinichnaya Tower stands next to Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It served as a bell tower and also allowed Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky to enter the church directly from his palace that was not preserved to modern times. It is widely believed that Prince Andrei was stabbed to death in the North room underneath the staircase of the tower.

 

Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary lost its royal state once the royal complex was torn down. Instead it became the main church of the Russian Orthodox Monastery. One of its abbots Hyppolyt (1684- 1695) decided to increase the size of windows to allow more light inside the church. As a result medieval walls showed signs of cracks. In 1722 parts of the church have collapse due to careless remodeling project. In 1751 reconstruction project began with an attempt to salvage whatever was left of the original Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. In the years 1752- 52 new iconostasis was added and on June 18, 1756 Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary was consecrated by Bishop Plato of Vladimir and Yaropolsk.

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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