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Cathedral of the Annunciation (Благовещенский Собор) (Moscow)

Cathedral of the Annunciation (Благовещенский Собор) (Moscow)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Description of the Cathedral of the Annunciation

 

 

Cathedral of the Annunciation is one of the most important churches in Moscow Kremlin as well as of Russia despite its modest size and appearance. It was constructed in 1484 on the orders of Grand Prince Ivan III. Cathedral of the Annunciation traditionally served as a home church for the rulers of Russia. The head of the church was also the spiritual father for the first family of Russia. They offered guidance in spiritual questions and personal problems. In essence they were Medieval version of a personal therapists and psychologist. The tradition continued when Romanov family ascended to the throne all the way to their downfall in 1917.
 
The first wooden church of the Annunciation was erected here in 1397 by Grand Prince Vasily I, son of Dmitry Donskoy. Most of kids of princes were baptized here. The Iconostasis of the church as well as frescoes were painted (or written to be precise) by most famous artists of the time including Andrei (Andrew) Rublev, Theophanes the Greek, Prokhor from a town of Gorodtsa.
 
Between 1484 and 1489 Cathedral of the Annunciation was reconstructed in stone and subsequently it became a Cathedral under supervision of Pskov architects Krivtsov and Myshkin. During great fire of 1547 during reign of Ivan the Terrible the frescoes of the church were re- painted. Ivan's son Fedor or Fyodor also added a golden cross on the main dome of the cathedral. During invasion of Napoleon in 1812 this crossed have disappeared and probably hidden by Russian peasants or workers. Despite fervent attempts by the French soldiers to find they were never able to recover.
 
After the Russian Revolution Cathedral of the Annunciation was closed in 1918. Today it was re- opened to the public. The most important icon in the church is a wonder making icon of Holy Mother of God, written by Theophanes the Greek. It is situated on the left side of the King's Gate, the main entrance of iconostasis to the altar of the church.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

 

 

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