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Great Kremlin Palace (Большой Кремлевский дворец) (Moscow)

Great Kremlin Palace (Большой Кремлевский дворец) (Moscow)

 

 

 

Location: Moscow Kremlin

Closed to public

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Description of the Great Kremlin Palace

 

Great Kremlin Palace was erected in 1838- 1849 under supervision of Russian architect K.A. Ton. The group of designers also included a group of architects: Richter, Gerasimov, Chichagov, Bakarev, Schohin and others. The appearance of the palace was influenced by personal character of a Russian Emperor Nicholas I. He loved order and army so the Great Kremlin Palace of Moscow carries a note of perfection and order. It measures 125 meters by a height of 47 meters. It is a rectangular building with a large courtyard that towers over medieval Moscow Kremlin walls along embankment of a Moscow river.

 

The construction of the Great Kremlin Palace coincided with the construction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior under supervision of architect Ton. Both buildings were represent revival of Russian might after devastating war against Napoleon in 1812. One building was a symbol of Orthodox Faith, while another represented the might of a government and Imperial rule.

 

Architect Ton was a smart and a wise man. Instead of destruction of older medieval structures he incorporated them into a new complex of the Great Kremlin Palace. This included structures like Faceted Palace, Golden Palace, Terem Palace, Tsarina's Chamber and the palace church.

 

The Palace was conceived as a monument to the glory of Russian forces. It included 5 major halls that were named after highest military signs of distinction: Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint Vladimir, Alexander, Catherine Halls. Every hall had distinctly different interior to fit the medal of each type.

 

Saint Andrew's Hall was dedicated to the Order of Saint Andrew. This was the central throne of the Imperial Palace as well as the main Hall of the Moscow Kremlin. Although Saint Andrew was an apostle of Jesus Christ it was widely believed in Russia that he visited lands that later became part of the Russian Empire. So Saint Andrew, Saint Andrew's slanted cross became an important symbol in the Russian Empire. The last restoration was carried out in 1994- 98.

 

Saint George Hall is the grand hall of the palace. It is named in honor of Order of Saint George that was established by Russian Empress Catherine II the Great in 1769. It was the highest sign of distinction for soldiers and officers in a military combat. In essence it was a Russian version of American Congressional Medal of Honor.

 

Vladimir Hall is named after Saint Vladimir. He was not the first Slavic ruler who became Christian, but he was the first ruler who turned Christianity into a state religion. It is symbolically situated in the center of the Great Kremlin Palace. Doorways from Vladimir Hall lead to Terem Palace, Faceted Chamber and other buildings of the palace complex.

 

Alexander Hall was dedicated to the Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky. This medieval prince became famous for defeating the Northern Crusades send by Roman Catholic Church against Russian Orthodox Christians in order to subdue them and force into Catholic Church. Crusaders were defeated at lake Piupius by the Russian army under leadership of Prince Alexander who was later canonized. Russian empress Catherine I the Great founded an honor dedicated to this famous ruler and a saint in 1725. Alexander Hall was restored in 1994- 98.

 

During Soviet times the Great Kremlin Palace was one of the major sites for speeches, rallies and other government events. Today the Great Kremlin Palace is a grand residence of the President of the Russian Federation. It is a place for state and diplomatic receptions and official ceremonies.

Bazhenov Palace

I don't imagine Kremlin fortress as an impregnable fortress that once offered safe haven from an enemy, but a place of virtues, education and national glory. V.I. Bazhenov

 

Since we are talking about the Great Kremlin Palace of Moscow we probably should mention that this is not the only project that could have been created on this site. During rule of Catherine II in the late 18th century a more ambiguous plan for a magnificent palace on this location was imagined. It was supposed to be constructed under supervision of the most famous architect of the time Vasily Bazhenov. Construction of a new Grand Kremlin Palace began, but it was never completed. That was probably for the good of Moscow Kremlin.

 

Bazhenov Palace  Bazhenov Palace

Bazhenov Palace

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

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