Ulitsa Malaya Molchanovka 1
Tel. (495) 691 5298
Open: 2pm- 6pm Wed, Fri
11am- 5pm Thu, Sat
The Lermontov house-Museum is a small building where the great Russian poet Mikhail Lermontov lived. The building itself was built in 1814 for the family of the Moscow merchant P. M. Chernov. The house has changed hands many times, but of course the most famous resident was Lermontov from August 1, 1828 until 1832, when it was rented by Lermontov's grandmother, Elizabeth Arsenieva. The house has miraculously survived to this day. Only at the end of the 20th century (February 19, 1981) it was turned into the house - Museum of M. Y. Lermontov. In 2014, in honor of the bicentennial of the birth of the Museum was restored.
Hidden behind the towers of the Novy Arbat quarter
is a modest wooden house where Mikhail Lermontov once lived. The
great romantic poet and writer lived here with his grandmother
Elizaveta Arseneva from 1829-32, when he was studying at Moscow
University. While here, he wrote an early draft of his narrative
poem "the Demon" (1839).
Lermontov was more interested in writing poetry than studying, and left the University without graduating. Then he joined the guard. For his political views, he was exiled to the Caucasus for a year due to bitter criticism of the authorities, expressed in his poem "The death of a poet" (1837). This poem about the death of Pushkin was a turning point in Lermontov's work. His most famous work, the novel Hero of our time, was written in 1840. Lermontov died the following year, at the age of only 26. Like Pushkin, he was killed in a duel.
There are only five rooms in the M. Y. Lermontov Museum, but each one testifies to Lermontov's intellectual gifts, as well as to his private life. The mezzanine of the house was his favorite room. Here he played guitar, piano and violin and even composed music. The living room, which still contains much original furniture, was often the scene of lively dancing, singing, and masquerades. Many of Lermontov's manuscripts are displayed below, along with drawings and watercolors made by Lermontov himself.
History Of The Lermontov House-Museum
Mikhail Lermontov's life in Moscow is connected with three addresses. He was born in the house of General Karl Tolya at the Red Gate, and spent his childhood in a building on Povarskaya street, which was rented by his grandmother Elizabeth Arseniev. As a result of the reconstruction of the city center in the XX century, both of these buildings were demolished. Lermontov moved to the mansion on Malaya Molchanovka At the age of fifteen to enter the Moscow noble boarding school. The poet lived there with his grandmother from 1829 to 1832.
During the three years of his life on Molchanovka, Lermontov wrote 17 poems, four dramas and 250 poems, including the tragedies " People and passions "and" Spaniards", the drama" Strange man", the third edition of the poem" Demon "and" Izmail Bey", the poem" Portrait","New year's madrigals and epigrams". For the same period was "Sulkowski cycle" in the works of Lermontov, dedicated to the love lived in a nearby noblewoman Catherine Sushkov.
"In Moscow, I met and soon became friends with Sashenka Vereshchagina. We lived next to each other on Molchanovka And almost from the first meeting we became inseparable: on the waters, at parties, at the theater, at evenings, everywhere and always together. < ... > At Sashenka's I met her cousin at this time, a clumsy, club-footed boy of sixteen or seventeen, with red, but intelligent, expressive eyes, a turned-up nose, and a sarcastic, mocking smile. He was a student at a University boarding school, but his scholarly studies did not prevent him from being our cavalier almost every evening at parties and parties; everyone just called him Michel, and I did the same as everyone else, not caring a bit about his last name. I called him my official on special assignments, and gave him my hat, my umbrella, and my gloves to save, but he often lost them, and I threatened to dismiss him from the position entrusted to him.
From the memoirs of Ekaterina Sushkova about Mikhail Lermontov»
In 1954, a memorial plaque to Mikhail Lermontov was installed on the exterior wall of the mansion. In 1977, the Moscow city Council transferred the building to the state literary Museum. Irakli Andronikov played an important role in the composition of the exposition and the Museum's activities.thanks to his intervention, the building was saved from demolition in 1938. Three years later, Andronikov participated in the organization of the first exhibition dedicated to Lermontov, but due to the beginning of the great Patriotic war, the event did not take place. Collected exhibits from Leningrad, Moscow, the Caucasus and Hochburg castle in Germany later formed the basis of the Museum's collection.
In 1977, at the initiative of Andronikov, a letter signed by the poet Pavel Antokolsky, literary critics Emma Gerstein and Natalia Ivanova, artist Elena Gogoleva, and actor Vladimir Pakhomov was sent to the editorial office of Literaturnaya Gazeta. The letter spoke about the significance of Lermontov's work for Soviet literature and the need to open a Museum dedicated to the poet. The opening ceremony was held in 1981.
In 1994, a monument to Lermontov by sculptor Alexander Burganov and architect Mikhail Posokhin was erected next to the building.