Moscow Arts Theatre (Moscow)

Kamergerskiy pereulok 3

Tel. 495) 629 8760/6748

Subway: Teatralnaya, Okhotnyy Ryad


Description of the Moscow Arts Theatre

The Moscow Art Theater (МХАТ имени А.П. Чехова) named after Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Moscow Art Theater named after A.P. Chekhov) is a Moscow drama theater formed in 1987 after the division of the USSR Moscow Art Theater named after Maxim Gorky into two theaters. Since 1989, it has been named after Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, one of its main authors. In 2004, it returned to the historical name “Moscow Art Theater”, abandoning the title “academic”.

Artistic director - director - Konstantin Yuryevich Khabensky, People's Artist of the Russian Federation (since October 28, 2021).



United Theater
Public art theater (1898-1901)
Moscow Art Theater (1901-1919)
Moscow Art Academic Theater (1919-1932)
Moscow Art Theater of the USSR named after Maxim Gorky (1932-1989)

Titles after split
Moscow Art Theater named after Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1989-2004)
Moscow Art Theater named after Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (since 2004)



Theater under Oleg Efremov (1987-2000)

The USSR Moscow Art Theater was created in 1987 after the signing of Order No. 383 by the USSR Minister of Culture Vasily Zakharov. According to this document, the theater was officially divided into two: the Moscow Art Theater named after Maxim Gorky on Tverskoy Boulevard under the direction of Tatyana Doronina and the Moscow Art Theater named after Anton Chekhov (for two years after the division it also bore the name of Gorky) on Kamergersky Lane. Theater director, People's Artist of the USSR Oleg Efremov was appointed its director. In the same year, the premiere of the play “Pearl Zinaida”, staged by Efremov, took place.

In 1989, the Moscow Art Theater received the name of Chekhov. In 1996, by decree of Russian President B.N. Yeltsin, the theater was added to the list of Russian cultural heritage sites. On June 16, 1997, the Russian Government approved the charter of the theater and officially appointed Oleg Nikolaevich Efremov as artistic director of the Chekhov Moscow Art Theater.

On May 24, 2000, the artistic director of the theater Oleg Efremov died.


Theater under Oleg Tabakov (2000—2018)

After the death of O. Efremov in 2000, the artistic director of the Moscow Art Theater. A.P. Chekhov became People's Artist of the USSR Oleg Tabakov, who set a course for updating the repertoire and troupe, and attracting a wide range of spectators to the theater. Bets were placed on classic works of world drama - “The White Guard”, “Hamlet”, “The Cherry Orchard”, “The Golovlevs”, “King Lear”, “Tartuffe”, “Ivanov”, “Vassa Zheleznova”, “Marriage” , “Zoyka’s Apartment”, as well as modern domestic and foreign drama - plays by Olga Mukhina, the Presnyakov brothers, Mikhail and Vyacheslav Durnenkov, Vasily Sigarev and other authors were performed on the theater stage.

At the invitation of Tabakov, the troupe included Olga Yakovleva, Avangard Leontyev, Alla Pokrovskaya, Valery Khlevinsky, Vladimir Krasnov, Marina Golub, Sergey Sosnovsky, Boris Plotnikov, Dmitry Nazarov, Konstantin Khabensky, Mikhail Porechenkov, Anatoly Bely, Mikhail Trukhin, Alexey Kravchenko, Ksenia Lavrova -Glinka, Yuri Chursin, Irina Pegova, Fyodor Lavrov, Maxim Matveev, Alexey Devotchenko and others.

Leading directors began to be involved in the creation of performances: Mindaugas Karbauskis, Sergei Zhenovach, Viktor Ryzhakov, Yuri Butusov, Evgeniy Pisarev, Adolf Shapiro, Vladimir Mashkov, Kirill Serebrennikov, Konstantin Bogomolov, Marina Brusnikina, Vladimir Petrov, Temur Chkheidze, Tadashi Suzuki, Dmitry Brusnikin, Lev Erenburg, Anton Yakovlev, Marat Gatsalov, Vasily Barkhatov, Sergei Puskepalis, Alla Sigalova, Dmitry Krymov and others.

Both productions and directors regularly participate in and become laureates of prestigious theater festivals such as the Golden Mask, Crystal Turandot, Cherry Forest, the Konstantin Stanislavsky Foundation Festival, the Seagull Award and others.

In 2001, a new theater stage was opened at 3-A on Kamergersky Lane, intended for experimental productions. It became the third stage of the theater, complementing the Main and Small stages.

In 2004, the theater returned to the historical name of the Moscow Art Theater (MAT), removing the word “academic” from the name.

In 2006-2007, on the initiative of Oleg Tabakov, a large-scale reconstruction of the Main Stage and Hall was carried out, thanks to which the Moscow Art Theater became one of the most technically equipped theaters in the world: during the work, the upper and lower stage mechanisms, sound and lighting equipment were updated.

In 2010, the Moscow Art Theater issued a limited edition commemorative medal for the 150th anniversary of Chekhov. The award was presented to outstanding cultural figures in Russia and foreign countries for their personal contribution to the development of art and preserving the memory of Chekhov’s work. In the same year, the anniversary evening “Our Chekhov” took place on the Main Stage, staged by Evgeny Pisarev based on letters from the playwright and the founders of the Art Theater.

For the anniversary of Konstantin Stanislavsky in 2012, with the support of the Ministry of Culture, the Internet project “Heritage of the Art Theater” was launched. Digital library". Books from the Moscow Art Theater publishing house were made publicly available, as well as television and film versions of performances, and a series of television programs created by the Kultura TV channel in 1990-2000.

In 2012-2013, for the 150th anniversary of the founder of the Moscow Art Theater, the project “The Year of Konstantin Stanislavsky at the Art Theater” was carried out, which included the international festival of acting schools “Open Lesson: Stanislavsky Continues”, the international scientific conference “Stanislavsky and the World Theater”, and a director’s laboratory "Here and now". On the anniversary day - January 17, 2012 - a dedication performance “Outside the System” (directed by Kirill Serebrennikov) was performed on the Main Stage.

Among the theater’s numerous special projects, one can highlight the evening dedicated to the 150th anniversary of Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko (2008, director Evgeny Pisarev), the symphonic performance “Requiem” dedicated to the 65th anniversary of the Victory (2010, director Kirill Serebrennikov), evenings in memory of Oleg Efremov (2012 - “If I’m honest, I must”, directed by Dmitry Chernyakov, 2017 - “Our Efremov”, directed by Nikolai Skorik), director’s laboratories “Modern actor in modern theater”, “New fairy tales”; international projects “For the First Time in Russian”, dedicated to modern French, Spanish, German, Finnish drama and directing; project “French theatre. Comedy." 2018 became the “Year of Gorky at the Moscow Art Theater” - the program of the Year included the director’s laboratory “Gorky. Prose", documentary dedication play "The Sun Rises" (directed by Viktor Ryzhakov), lectures and other events.

For 20 years, the theater has been hosting poetic and literary evenings from the “Reading Circle” cycle (ideologist and director - Marina Brusnikina), dedicated to modern and classical prose, poetry and drama. As part of the “Reading Circle,” evenings dedicated to David Samoilov, Joseph Brodsky, Bella Akhmadulina, Andrei Voznesensky were held; for several years in a row, the “Night of Poetry” was held, as well as the evening “Space of Prose,” which took place simultaneously on all three stages of the theater. In 2015, an evening from the “Circle of Reading” series opened the Year of Literature in Russia.

Back in August 1998, Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov signed an order to build a monument to Chekhov dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Moscow Art Theater. Created according to the design of People's Artist of the USSR Mikhail Anikushin, the monument was installed in Kamergersky Lane opposite the theater. In September 2014, on the initiative of Tabakov, not far from the theater building at the intersection of Kamergersky Lane and Tverskaya Street, a monument to the founders of the Moscow Art Theater Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko and Konstantin Stanislavsky, created by the architect Alexei Morozov, was unveiled. The monument is a two-figure composition with a stele on a pedestal. At the bottom of the stele is a board with a Latin inscription: a translation of the beginning of the monologue of Chekhov’s Nina Zarechnaya “People, lions, eagles and partridges, horned deer...” from the play “The Seagull.”

In 2006, the theater financed the installation of a memorial plaque at house 5/7 on Glinishchevsky Lane, where People's Artist of the USSR Mark Isaakovich Prudkin, who worked at the theater for 75 years, lived.

On March 12, 2018, the director and artistic director of the theater Oleg Tabakov died.


Theater under Sergei Zhenovach (2018—2021)

By order of the Minister of Culture dated March 23, 2018, theater director, Honored Artist of the Russian Federation Sergei Vasilyevich Zhenovach was appointed director and artistic director of the theater from April 23, 2018.

On October 26, 2018, a bust of Oleg Tabakov was unveiled in the foyer of the theater.

On October 27, 2021, Zhenovach left the post of artistic director - director of the theater.


Theater under Konstantin Khabensky (from 2021)

On October 28, 2021, People's Artist of Russia Konstantin Khabensky was appointed as the new artistic director - director of the theater. After the full-scale attack of the Russian Federation on neighboring Ukraine, the premieres of those who did not support the war with Ukraine disappeared from the theater plans, and in the remaining performances the names of objectionable directors - Dmitry Krymov, Kirill Serebrennikov and Alexander Molochnikov - were removed, and instead of them, they began to write not the name next to the director’s name, and "DIRECTOR". In January 2023, Khabensky fired People’s Artist of Russia Dmitry Nazarov from the theater and at the same time his wife, Honored Artist of Russia Olga Vasilyeva, because of Dmitry Nazarov’s anti-war position and, according to Khabensky, “anti-Russian sentiments.”

In 2023, the Art Theater Prize was established, aimed at supporting and popularizing young artists. The first award ceremony took place on March 27, 2023.


Theater composition


The theater building is an architectural monument of the 18th century, built during the reign of Catherine II: according to legend in the 14th century, the land on which the building stands belonged to the commander of Dmitry Donskoy - Iakinfu Shuba. In 1767, a mansion in the Empire style was built on Kamergersky Lane for Prince Peter Odoevsky, which was rebuilt several times in the 19th century. In 1882, by order of the merchant Georgy Lianozov, the architect Mikhail Chichagov changed the building, turning it into a Chamber Theater.

In 1902, the architect Fyodor Shekhtel reconstructed the building specifically for the Moscow Art Theater. His original project was partially completed: the interiors, lamps, doors, and window frames were redone. A bas-relief “Swimmer” was installed above the entrance, made by sculptor Anna Golubkina. Fyodor Shekhtel also performed sketches of the theater's curtain and emblem. Shortly before the October Revolution in 1914, next to the main building, the architect built a commercial building, which was transferred to the Moscow Art Theater in 1938; today it houses a theater museum and an educational stage.

The next reconstruction of the building was carried out in 1977-1987 under the leadership of the architect Salome Gelfer - the interiors were restored, a new stage was erected, a building with administrative and utility rooms was added, and a small stage was created.

In the spring of 2015, at the intersection of Andropov Avenue and Nagatinskaya Street near the Kolomenskaya metro station, a capsule was laid on the site of a new 9-story building of the Moscow Art Theater branch; the opening was planned for 2018. The building was to house a transforming auditorium with 647 seats, large and small rehearsal rooms, a restaurant and a buffet for spectators, and office space.


Moscow Art Theater Museum

The Moscow Art Theater Museum has existed since 1923. The basis of its collection was a fund of documents on the history of the theater together with the personal funds of Stanislavsky, Nemirovich-Danchenko and other major figures of the Art Theater. Initially, the museum was located in the theater building, since 1939 - in Kamergersky Lane, 3-a (building - 1914, architect F. O. Shekhtel). In 1923-1952, the museum was headed by N. D. Teleshov, in 1952-1968 - by F. N. Michalsky (the prototype of the administrator Fili from M. A. Bulgakov’s “Theatrical Novel”). In addition to historical documents, the museum contains works of theatrical and decorative art, memorial items related to the history and modern creative activities of the Art Theater.

The structure of the museum includes: a department of manuscript funds and book collections, a department of visual funds and memorial historical collections, a department of excursion and lecture work; branches - House-Museum of K. S. Stanislavsky (Leontyevsky Lane, 6) and Museum-Apartment of Vl. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko (Glinishchevsky Lane, 5/7). The museum has a library (about 13 thousand items).

Moscow Art Theater School named after Vl. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko
In 1943, on the initiative of Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, a theater university was opened at the theater - the Moscow Art Theater School-Studio, now one of the leading theater schools in the world.

The first rector was Vasily Sakhnovsky, then the School was headed by Veniamin Radomyslensky (1945-1980), Oleg Tabakov (2000-2018). Since 2000, the university has been headed by Doctor of Art History Anatoly Smelyansky, since 2013 by actor, Honored Artist of the Russian Federation Igor Zolotovitsky.

The studio school includes an acting department, a stage design and theater technology department, and a production department.



On April 23, 2018, the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation Vladimir Medinsky announced that the “Studio of Theatrical Art” of Sergei Zhenovach will become a branch of the Moscow Art Theater named after A.P. Chekhov.



People's artists of Russia

Igor Wernik
Nina Gulyaeva
Evgenia Dobrovolskaya
Natalia Yegorova
Vyacheslav Zholobov
Yevgeny Kindinov
Alexey Kravchenko
Vladimir Krasnov
Avant-garde Leontiev
Stanislav Lyubshin
Raisa Maksimova
Mikhail Porechenkov
Sergey Sosnovsky
Natalya Tenyakova
Konstantin Khabensky
Mykola Chindyakin
Olga Yakovleva


Honored Artist of Russia

Alexey Agapov
Olga Vasilieva
Andrey Davydov
Stanislav Duzhnikov
Dmitry Dyuzhev
Igor Zolotovitsky
Galina Kindinova
Yanina Kolesnichenko
Boris Korostelev
Rimma Korostelyova
Natalia Kochetova
Viktor Kulyukhin
Maxim Matveev
Daria Moroz
Vyacheslav Nevinny Jr.
Irina Pegova
Natalia Rogozhkina
Alexander Semchev
Vladimir Timofeev
Oleg Topolyansky
Valery Troshin
Mikhail Trukhin
Alyona Khovanskaya
Eduard Chekmazov
Daria Yurskaya



Paulina Andreeva
Armen Arushanyan
Kristina Babushkina
Nadezhda Borisova
Denis Burgazliev
Andrei Burkovsky
Artyom Bystrov
Alexey Varushchenko
Pavel Vashilin
Julia Vitruk
Artyom Volobuev
Pavel Vorozhtsov
Olga Voronina
Yana Gladkikh
Nina Guseva
Maria Zorina
Svetlana Ivanova-Sergeeva
Maria Karpova
Yulia Kovaleva
Svetlana Kolpakova
Alexey Krasnyonkov
Rostislav Lavrentyev
Ksenia Lavrova-Glinka
Olga Litvinova
Anton Loban
Yana Osipova
Artyom Panchik
Vladimir Panchik
Alexandra Rebenok
Nikolai Salnikov
Anastasia Skorik
Maria Sokova
Danil Steklov
Yevgeny Sytyi
Ksenia Teplova
Kirill Trubetskoy
Alexander Usov
Victor Khoryniak
Julia Chebakova
Natasha Schwetz


Seagull monument

The tradition of handing out commemorative tokens was born in 1901, when the first commemorative tokens "Seagull" were presented by A. P. Chekhov to the actors who played in his plays "The Seagull" and "Uncle Vanya".

In October 1908, on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Moscow Art Theater, the "Seagull" badge was issued with three portraits: Konstantin Stanislavsky, Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko and Savva Morozov. The badge was awarded to all those who served at the Moscow Art Institute for 10 years. In 1923, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Moscow Art Theater, its founding fathers decided to award the honorary jubilee badge "Seagull" to actors who have worked in the theater for 15 years, and other employees for 25 years of service.

In 2001, the artistic director of the Moscow Art Theater named after A. P. Chekhov Oleg Tabakov introduced the division of badges into gold (30, 35 and 40 years in the theater), silver (25 years) and bronze (15 years), thereby indicating the importance of the contribution of Mkhatov residents to the common cause.

In 2019, they presented a new badge design, the author of which was the chief artist of the Moscow Art Institute named after A. P. Chekhov Alexander Borovsky - the golden "Seagull" with an emerald appeared - for 45 and 50 years at the Moscow Art Theater, and the golden "Seagull" with a diamond - for those who have served in the theater for 55 years and more.