Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Pokrovskiy Sobor (Holy Virgin Protection) or St. Basil Cathedral (Moscow)

St. Basil Cathedral

 

Krasnaya ploshad 2

Tel. (495) 698 3304

Open: May- Nov: 10am- 6pm Wed- Mon

Dec- Apr: 10am- 5pm

Subway: Okhotnyy Ryad, Ploshad Revolyutsii

Entrance: 100 Rubles- adult, 50 Rubles- student

www.saintbasil.ru

 

 

 

 

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Description of the Pokrovskiy Sobor (Holy Virgin Protection) or St. Basil Cathedral

Pokrovskiy Sobor or Pokrovsky Cathedral was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible shortly after conquest of the Tatar kingdom of Kazan in 1552. After centuries of Tatar yolk and constant raids from the south the church was a testament of a new might and power that Muscovy (Moscow) principality had. The official name of the church is Holy Virgin Protection Cathedral on the Moat since it stood outside of the city moat that protected Kremlin. However Saint Basil  "a holy fool" loved the church so much and gained such popularity among Moscow citizens that in the general public it became known as the church of Basil or simply Saint Basil Cathedral.

 

Building anything outside of city walls was a risky venture that tsar Ivan nevertheless completed in 1561. One of the most famous legends exist associated with its architect Postnik Yakovlev who was said to be blinded by the orders of the cruel tsar. It was done with a premise that nothing of this beauty would ever be erected anywhere in Moscow or anywhere the country. The architect actually lived after the death of Ivan the Terrible. The multicoloured onion domes were added in 1670's and between 1772 and 1784 it got a metal replacement covered by gold. During invasion of Napoleon the Moscow temple was looted. Famous French Emperor ordered its destruction along with Kremlin, but fortunately they ran out of time and enough St. Basil Cathedralexplosives. In 1817 Emperor Alexander I returned the previous multicoloured appearance to this house of worship. The interior of the church is fairly narrow and claustrophobic at times, but it carries the sense of Medieval Russia with its small churches, beautiful iconostasis and frescoes. At times you forget that just outside of these walls there is a modern Moscow.

 

The monument that you see at the base of the cathedral is dedicated to Minin and Pozharsky, two men who are responsible for starting a rebellion and subsequent defeat of Polish invaders and forcing them out of Kremlin in the 17th century.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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