The sculpture of Millennium of Russia was added to
Novgorod Kremlin in 1862 to commemorate 1000 years of
official Russian state. It consists of Derzhava or Country in
Russian, sphere with a cross on top, surrounded by sculptures of
various historic figures. The top raw represents main events in Russian
includes arrival of Rurik, Viking prince who was invited by Slavic
tribes to rule over them in 862. Next comes Saint Vladimir who
accepted Christianity as an official religion of Russia in 988.
Another figure is that of Dmitry Donskoy (Donskoi) who defeated khan
Mamai and his Tatar- Mongol army. This became the beginning of the
end of the Golden Horde yolk that lasted for almost two centuries.
Then goes Ivan III the Great, who undertook final defeat to the
Tatars and found independent Russian Tsardom in 1891. Next is a
sculpture of young Tsar Michael of Russia, the first of the Romanov
dynasty. He is presented with royal signs by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry
Pozharsky who organized national volunteer resistance, defeated
Polish army and established Romanovs as the rulers of Russian in
1613. And finally the last group represents Peter the Great, founder
of the Russian Empire and first Russian Emperor. A man at the feet
of the tsar is a defeated Swede that represents defeated Swedish
Kingdom upon conclusion of the Great Northern War. The base of the
monument has a line of Russian tsars, spiritual leaders, poets,
statesmen, generals and other notable historic figures.