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Novgorod Kremlin

Novgorod Kremlin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Description of the Veliky Novgorod Kremlin or Detinets

 

Veliky Novgorod Kremlin or Detinets ("little child" in Russian) was constructed in the 11th century during reign of Prince Vladimir Yaroslavich, son of Yaroslav the Wise. He also ordered construction of the Holy Sophia Cathedral, the main church in the city. It was erected in 1045- 52. According to local legends the site for the new church was chosen by bishop of Novgorod, Ioakim Korsunianin. Judging by his last name he was ethnically Byzantine Greek who came from Korsun or Chersonesus in Crimean Peninsula (modern day Ukraine).

 

First military fortifications of Novgorod consisted of a ditch, earthen embankments with wooden palisade on top. In the early 14th century parts of defensive towers and walls of Detinets were re- built in stone. Archbishop Vasily Kalika (1330- 52) further increased walls of the city between 1331 and 1335. Part of stone defensive wall collapsed into Volkhov River in 1437 and had to be hastily reconstructed by Archbishop Evfimy II (1429- 58). However new stone walls didn't protect Novgorod Republic from attack of the Moscow Principality in 1478. Moscow troops under leadership of Grand Prince Ivan III captured the city and put an end to the first democratic experiment in a Russian history. Muscovite engineers reconstructed city walls between 1484 and 1490.

 

Novgorod Kremlin has an oval shape with a total perimeter of 1487 meters. Its length is measured 545 meters and 240 meters wide. Originally there were 12 towers. Today only 9 survives. The tallest tower is Kokui Tower that was constructed in the eighteenth century. It is easily recognizable by a silver dome that covers it. It was added after German aviation bomb destroyed the upper level of the structure. Some believe the name of the Kokui tower is Baltic or German in origin and can roughly translated as Looking Tower. During World War II German did just that. They used Kokui Tower to keep an eye for partisan movement as well as regular Red Army. Today it is open to the public and contains binoculars available.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

 

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