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Rostov Kremlin (Ростовский Кремль)

Rostov Kremlin (Ростовский Кремль)

Rostov Kremlin was constructed by the orders of Metropolitan Johan Sysoevich between 1670 and 1683. Russia was strong enough to repel any attack from the enemies so these military fortifications did not really have significant strategic value. Instead it had decorative value.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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History of Rostov Kremlin

Rostov served as an official residence of metropolitans of the Russian Orthodox Church. After the seat was transferred from Rostov to Yaroslavl, residence was abandoned. It was ignored for decades until 19th century when local Rostov merchants gathered enough resources to restore this magnificent architectural complex.

 

Vladychny (Lord's) Courtyard stands in the center of the Rostov Kremlin. Cathedral Square with Assumption Cathedral and Metropolitan Garden are situated on the north and east side of the main residence of Metropolitan. Assumption Cathedral was built in 1508- 12 on a site of an older wooden church from the 10th century and white stone church from the 13th century. It was a fifth church on a site where first Christian church was erected in 991 AD, just three years after Russia officially adopted Christianity as a state religion. The oldest part of the Assumption Cathedral is a chapel that date back to the 13th century. It is situated below the altar as a cave like formation with relics of holy bishop Leontius of Rostov. The chapel of the cathedral is also named in his honor. The cathedral itself is a magnificent five dome church. Central dome represents Jesus Christ, while four smaller domes at four corners represent writers of gospels: John, Luke, Mark and Matthew. The interior frescoes were painted by a masters under the guidance of artist Gury Nikitin of Kostroma. Only fragments of the original paintings are visible today as they are covered by later frescoes.

 

 

 

In 1682- 1687 belfry was constructed near Rostov Assumption Cathedral. It contained 13 unique bells including legendary Sysoy Bell that weighted over 32000 kg. Its sound was heard far beyond borders of Rostov city walls. Holy Gates with Gate Resurrection Church were added in 1670, while Church of Saint John the Divine was built in 1683. Iconostasis of both church is unique since it was painted on the existing wall. Over a course of 1670's and 1680's is surrounded by walls and towers. Even though these military fortifications had all features of defenses, richness of decorations indicate that they were never intended to serve to protect anyone. Its fragile features couldn't provide significant protection and could actually harm if they would collapse.

 

On the other side of the central courtyard stands large metropolitan living quarters that were constructed by Metropolitan Jonah in late 17th century. In addition to its primary role as a private residence for Rostov church leader Metropolitan Palace also stored church treasures that could be used in time of starvation and natural disasters.

 

Church of the Holy Image that later became known as the Savior on the Porch was build in 1675 behind the Metropolitan Palace. The first floor was used to store grain and peasant tools, while the second level was taken by an actual church. It served as a home chapel of Metropolitan Jonah. Odigitriya Church was erected in 1692- 93 in Moscow Baroque architectural style. It has a modest appearance since it was "inserted" in pre- existing structures that already stood there. Additionally Rostov Kremlin has its own historic museum with many historic items that date back to the medieval period of this settlement. Its collection contains old manuscripts, rare books, medieval weapons and tools discovered during archaeological digs as well as exhibition of Russian, Soviet and foreign paintings, sculptures, arts and crafts.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips