Rostov is a medieval historic
town that is also part of the Golden Ring of Russia. It is situated
in the Yaroslavl Oblast. It stands on
the shores of lake Nero. Rostov is often referred as Rostov Veliky
or Rostov the Great to distinguish it from Rostov- on- Don in South
Early history of Rostov traditionally begins with
appearance of Sarskoye Gorodishche or Citadel of Sara. It is
modern name reflecting that the village was established on the banks
of Sara river that flows into Nero Lake. Today it is situated south
of Medieval Rostov Kremlin. First inhabitants of these lands were
Merya tribe. This group of indigenous inhabitants of Eastern part of
European Russia belonged to Volga Finn groups of native population
and eventually mixed with Slavs forming modern ethnicity known as
Russians. Merya settlement was a diverse community. Archaeological
digs in the area proved that Vikings used Sara as one of the most
important site for trading route between Northern Europe (and
Scandinavia) and Middle East.
Russian historic records indicate that in 862 AD when
Rurik was invited to rule over Slavic tribes, Rostov was already an
important town. In 1207 Rostov became the capital city of
independent Russian state. Under leadership of Constantine Vsevolodovich (1214- 1231) Rostov became one of the most powerful
principalities of medieval Rus. Unlike other Russian cities Rostov
didn't provide any resistance of Mongol- Tatar forces during their
invasion in 1230's, however its residents started a rebellion
against Tatar yolk in 1262 as a protest against high taxes.
Rebellion was quickly defeated and the city plundered by the Mongol
armies. During Battle of Kulikovo with the Tatars armies from Rostov
joined a coalition of Russian princes against a common enemy. This
time they were victorious and wiped out much of the enemy army.
Rostov however remained a town on frontiers of the
Russian principalities. It was again besieged and captured by enemy
troops under leadership of Tatar ruler Edigu in 1408. Rostov was
reconstructed and grew in size. Moscow Principality started to take
Rostov lands in the late 14th century through marriage or simply by
buying it. Eventually in 1474 the whole state became part of Muscovy
Principality. During Time of Trouble after death of the last tsar
from the Rurik dynasty, Rostov was captured by the armies of the
Rostov was an important site of religious site in a
life of a Russian Orthodox Church. In the 14th century its spiritual
leaders gained a status of archbishops and in 1589 they became known
as Metropolitans. In the 18th century metropolitan title of Rostov
Veliky or Rostov the Great was transferred to Yaroslavl. However
Rostov still remained an important trading town in the region.
Get in By train Rostov has a train station on Moscow -
Yaroslavl railway and is served by several trains, Moscow -
Yaroslavl expresses and local trains from Yaroslavl to various
stations between Rostov and Alexandrov. It is possible to get to
Rostov from Moscow by local trains with change in Alexandrov, but
check timetable first, because trains from Alexandrov to Yaroslavl
sometimes get cancelled recently. Express or morning trains from
Moscow seem to be most convinient connection though.
you're planning to return from Rostov to Moscow by train, be aware
of the evening gap in connections - there are no trains between 8PM
and 2AM, and there might be no tickets on 8PM express and you may
spend several not so comfortable hours on the train station at
By car The distance from Moscow is 202km (3 hours).
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