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Rostov (Ростов)




Location: Yaroslavl Oblast

Population: 31,000


10 largest cities of Russia
St. Petersburg
Nizhny Novgorod








Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips



Description of Rostov

Rostov is a medieval historic town that is also part of the Golden Ring of Russia. It is situated in the Yaroslavl Oblast. It stands on the shores of lake Nero. Rostov is often referred as Rostov Veliky or Rostov the Great to distinguish it from Rostov- on- Don in South Russia.



Rostov History

Early history of Rostov traditionally begins with appearance of Sarskoye Gorodishche or Citadel of Sara. It is  modern name reflecting that the village was established on the banks of Sara river that flows into Nero Lake. Today it is situated south of Medieval Rostov Kremlin. First inhabitants of these lands were Merya tribe. This group of indigenous inhabitants of Eastern part of European Russia belonged to Volga Finn groups of native population and eventually mixed with Slavs forming modern ethnicity known as Russians. Merya settlement was a diverse community. Archaeological digs in the area proved that Vikings used Sara as one of the most important site for trading route between Northern Europe (and Scandinavia) and Middle East.


Russian historic records indicate that in 862 AD when Rurik was invited to rule over Slavic tribes, Rostov was already an important town. In 1207 Rostov became the capital city of independent Russian state. Under leadership of Constantine Vsevolodovich (1214- 1231) Rostov became one of the most powerful principalities of medieval Rus. Unlike other Russian cities Rostov didn't provide any resistance of Mongol- Tatar forces during their invasion in 1230's, however its residents started a rebellion against Tatar yolk in 1262 as a protest against high taxes. Rebellion was quickly defeated and the city plundered by the Mongol armies. During Battle of Kulikovo with the Tatars armies from Rostov joined a coalition of Russian princes against a common enemy. This time they were victorious and wiped out much of the enemy army.


Rostov however remained a town on frontiers of the Russian principalities. It was again besieged and captured by enemy troops under leadership of Tatar ruler Edigu in 1408. Rostov was reconstructed and grew in size. Moscow Principality started to take Rostov lands in the late 14th century through marriage or simply by buying it. Eventually in 1474 the whole state became part of Muscovy Principality. During Time of Trouble after death of the last tsar from the Rurik dynasty, Rostov was captured by the armies of the Polish armies.


Rostov was an important site of religious site in a life of a Russian Orthodox Church. In the 14th century its spiritual leaders gained a status of archbishops and in 1589 they became known as Metropolitans. In the 18th century metropolitan title of Rostov Veliky or Rostov the Great was transferred to Yaroslavl. However Rostov still remained an important trading town in the region.



Rostov Travel Destinations

Rostov Kremlin (Ростовский Кремль)




Monastery of Saint Boris and Gleb (Борисоглебский монастырь)



Holy Trinity Sergiev Barnickiy Monastery (Троице-Варницкий монастырь)

Abraham Monastery (Авраамиев Богоявленский монастырь)



Spasso- Yakovlevsky Monastery (Спасо-Яковлевский монастырь)










Get in
By train
Rostov has a train station on Moscow - Yaroslavl railway and is served by several trains, Moscow - Yaroslavl expresses and local trains from Yaroslavl to various stations between Rostov and Alexandrov. It is possible to get to Rostov from Moscow by local trains with change in Alexandrov, but check timetable first, because trains from Alexandrov to Yaroslavl sometimes get cancelled recently. Express or morning trains from Moscow seem to be most convinient connection though.

If you're planning to return from Rostov to Moscow by train, be aware of the evening gap in connections - there are no trains between 8PM and 2AM, and there might be no tickets on 8PM express and you may spend several not so comfortable hours on the train station at night.

By car
The distance from Moscow is 202km (3 hours).


Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Pleshanov Mansion (Усадьба Плешанова), 34 Leninskaya st, ☎ +7 48536 7-64-41, fax: +7(48536) 7-64-40, e-mail: A hotel in the house of merchant Pleshanov. 2000-3050RUB.

Moskovsky Trakt (Московский тракт), 29a Okruzhnaya st (600m from the Kremlin), ☎ +7 48536 6-58-01, fax: +7(48536)6-58-00, e-mail: Check-in: 12:00, check-out: 12:00. 51 rooms in the hotel graced with a pond at the entrance and a park nearby. 1400-4000RUB.
Figurines House (Дом Фигурина), 4 Kamenny most, ☎ +7 48536 6-04-46, +748536 6-48-00, fax: +7(48536) 60-446, e-mail: 50m away from the Kremlin, 58 rooms and a restaurant for 40 seats. 1500-3000.


Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Russian sort of mead Medovukha (low alcohol or alcohol free drink) and home-made kvass in the Rostov Kremlin.


Cultural (and not so cultural) events



Interesting information and useful tips

Finift, a combination of enamel and metal covered with traditional paints. This is what the city is famous for.
Black pottery, clay pots, whistles and figurines of unusual tint.




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