Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia

The Yaroslavl region is located in the northern part of Central Russia.

A popular region of domestic Russian tourism, which, due to its location on the banks of the Upper Volga, is known for the historical cities of the Golden Ring of Russia. The routes of the region, which is located in close proximity to Moscow, are actively replenished with museums and sights, and the region's water resources contribute to the development of active recreation. In the west, it borders on the Tver region, in the south - on the Moscow and Vladimir regions, in the east - Ivanovo and Kostroma regions, in the north - on the Vologda region.



Administratively, the region is divided into 17 districts: Bolsheselsky, Borisoglebsky, Breitovsky, Gavrilov-Yamsky, Danilovsky, Lyubimsky, Myshkinsky, Nekouzsky, Nekrasovsky, Pervomaisky, Pereslavsky, Poshekhonsky, Rostov, Rybinsky, Tutaevsky, Uglichsky and Yaroslavsky districts.

From a tourist point of view, in descending order of interest, the area can be divided into three main regions:

Yaroslavl Upper Volga - all cities and regions along the Upper Volga, both up to and below the Rybinsk reservoir
Yaroslavl Zalesye - Pereyaslavsky, Rostov and Borisoglebsky districts, forests and fields with historical cities near large lakes
Yaroslavl Poshekhonye and Zavolzhye - Poshekhonsky district, the eastern shore of the Rybinsk reservoir, which gave the cheese its name, as well as Danilov, Lyubim and Kukoboy, the northern districts of the region bordering on the Vologda and Kostroma regions



Yaroslavl is the largest city in Central Russia after Moscow. By local standards, this is practically a metropolis with heavy industry and a very cozy historical center located on the high bank of the Volga. Although Yaroslavl is a very ancient city, almost all of its churches were built in the 17th century in their own architectural style, which complemented the harmony and beauty of Russian churches with bright oriental tiles. The pinnacle of Yaroslavl architecture, the Church of St. John the Baptist in Tolchkovo, even hit the 1000-ruble note, becoming the most recognizable temple in Russia, and located in the city center and not inferior in beauty to it, the Church of Elijah the Prophet contains outstanding examples of fresco painting.
Remote and rather inaccessible Myshkin is located on the left bank of the Volga. To get here, you need to cross by ferry, and sometimes cruise ships make a stop in the city with a tour. There are no completely old historical objects in Myshkin, and this would be strange, because the first mention of it dates back to the 15th century. Here you can see a couple of cathedrals in the style of classicism, and wooden and stone urban buildings, mainly of the 19th century. The tourist boom of recent times has led to the flourishing of museums. Even 10-15 years ago in Myshkin there was an open-air folk museum that occupied a whole block, and on its territory there was a hut with a themed authentic mouse museum. The locals liked the museum theme, and now there are more than a dozen exhibitions in the city, including museums of linen or, for example, felt boots.
Pereslavl Zalessky stands on the shore of Lake Pleshcheyevo. The central part of the city is surrounded by a full ring of earthen ramparts, inside which you will see a church built in 1152-57. The Transfiguration Cathedral is one of the oldest Russian churches. Pereslavl is also famous for its monasteries, there are as many as 5 of them in the city, and almost every one of them has preserved infrequent even in Central Russia monuments of the 16th century. Old Russian temple architecture is quite organically intertwined in Pereslavl with the architecture of the 18th century, which was invented in a special style - Pereslavl Baroque. In the newest period, the city was marked by the appearance of its own arboretum, and also by the fashion for museums of all sorts of things like irons and sewing machines that spread throughout the Golden Ring.
Rostov the Great is rightfully considered one of the first Russian cities, although its current appearance hardly corresponds to this title. The Rostov Kremlin is not a Kremlin at all, but a metropolitan court built in the 17th century and became popularly known after the film “Ivan Vasilyevich Changes His Profession” was filmed in it. For all the kitsch of their external appearance, the Kremlin churches are very charming, and from the inside they are decorated with very solid and harmonious frescoes. Outside the Kremlin in Rostov, you should definitely see the pretty church of Isidore on the Walls, two old monasteries and a wooden church on Ishna, already outside the city limits. Rostov is located on the banks of the picturesque lake Nero, which offers beautiful views of the city and the Kremlin.
Rybinsk is the second industrial center of the region, which gave its name to the Rybinsk reservoir and is adjacent to a large dam and a cascade of locks. The city itself does not belong to the cities of the Golden Ring, and cruises along the Volga do not particularly favor it, although in general the city is very interesting and unusual - the only one in Central Russia that grew up on the Volga trade, and therefore somewhat reminiscent of the cities of the Volga region. The old, pre-revolutionary buildings, wooden and stone mansions, Orthodox churches and even a church are well preserved here. You can also combine city sightseeing with a vacation in one of the country rest houses or park hotels located on the Volga.
Tutayev stands on the Volga and belongs to the “divided” cities rare for Russia, which are located on both banks of the river, but are not connected by a bridge. The Volga coast is decorated with wonderful temples, and the city itself preserves a rare atmosphere of a distant and forgotten wilderness, where churches stand on lawns, motor boats are the main means of transportation, and the opportunity to get to the other side still depends on the weather and is at the mercy of the natural elements. At the same time, in terms of transport, Tutaev is located very conveniently, halfway from Yaroslavl to Rybinsk.
Uglich is best known as the site of the mysterious death of Ivan the Terrible's son Tsarevich Dimitri. The city picturesquely nestled on the high bank of the Volga, which turns here at an almost right angle. Being one of the stops of the Volga cruises, the city adjusts to the schedule of ships, throwing all its efforts into serving tourists and especially getting lively for foreign guests. And in the intervals, it almost does not differ from small provincial towns with their unhurried, measured life, taking place against the backdrop of attractive low-rise historical buildings, including even rare wooden town houses in Russia, and the same chamber, but rather dull Soviet heritage. No, there is still one difference - the Volga! Still not wide, but already impressive with magnificent panoramas of the ancient part of the city, the surrounding expanses and, oddly enough, the Uglich hydroelectric power station.



Other destinations

Pleshcheyevo Lake National Park is a unique body of water in Central Russia. Its even, almost round shape, shallow depth and, of course, proximity to Moscow were duly appreciated by Peter I, who decided to start building the first Russian fleet here. The only surviving ship of this amusing flotilla is now exhibited in the special museum Boat of Peter I, which is also interesting because it was created at the beginning of the 19th century, thus being one of the oldest in Russia. On the northern shore of the lake are the Nikitsky Monastery and the pre-Slavic settlement, from which beautiful views of the water surface and Pereslavl-Zalessky standing in the distance are opened. There are a lot of mushrooms in the forests along the shores of the lake, and there is also a locomotive museum based on an old narrow gauge railway.
The village of Borisoglebsky (19 km northwest of Rostov) is a museum in the Borisoglebsky monastery-fortress of the 16th century.
The village of Kukoboy is a small village with an openwork church of the Savior Not Made by Hands, recently the birthplace of Baba Yaga with a corresponding museum.
Manor of the Ponizovkins (Palace of the Ponizovkins), st. Naberezhnaya, 16, urban-type settlement Red Profintern (Nekrasovsky district) (from Yaroslavl bus number 126 from the Zavolzhye bus station). ☎ +7 (961) 160-81-17. Open: visit by group by appointment. 200₽. The palace was built between 1912 and 1914 in an eclectic style with Art Nouveau elements, richly decorated with neo-Moorish carvings and ornaments. It is currently privately owned and is being restored.
The Nikitsky Church (XVIII century) in the village of Porechie-Rybnoye (Rostov region) is the second (according to some sources, the first) bell tower in Russia in height.
State Literary and Memorial Museum-Reserve of N. A. Nekrasov "Karabikha"
The village of Kurba (Yaroslavsky district, 20 km southwest of Yaroslavl on the Gavrilov-Yam-Tutaev highway) - Kazan Church (1770) of an unusual round shape with original frescoes of the 18th century.
Darwin Biosphere Reserve
Rybinsk reservoir
Salt Museum in Nekrasovskoye

Goritsky Monastery

Mologa - Russian Atlantis


Getting here

By car
From Moscow or Vologda along the M8 Kholmogory highway. On local roads, it is possible to enter the territory of the region from Ivanovo, Kostroma, from the Tver region through Kalyazin.


Physical and geographical characteristics

Geographical position

The Yaroslavl Region is located in the center of the European part of Russia, in the center of the East European Plain.

The area of the Yaroslavl region is 36.2 thousand km². Of this, 17.2 thousand are occupied by forests, 11.3 thousand agricultural lands, 3.9 thousand water bodies, 1.1 thousand swamps, and other lands - 2.7 thousand km². The length from north to south is 270, from west to east - 220 km. The highest point is the Tarkhov hill in the north of the Pereslavl region: 292.4 m above sea level. The lowest point is the bottom of the Volga River at the place of its outflow from the Yaroslavl region to the Kostroma region - 75 m above sea level (the mark of the water's edge is about 84 m above sea level).

The climate of the region is temperate continental, with long and cold winters and short but very warm summers. The average temperature in January is -11°С, and in July +18°С. Previously, almost the entire territory of the region was occupied by dense coniferous (spruce, pine) and mixed forests, but now most of them have been replaced by secondary birch-aspen forests and arable land. Large areas are also occupied by swamps.

Minerals here are mainly building materials (sand, gravel, clay) and peat. There are also mineral waters (springs and wells).



The Yaroslavl region is located in the time zone designated by the international standard as the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). The offset from UTC is +3 hours.



The entire territory of the region belongs to the basin of one of the largest rivers in Russia - the Volga, which connects the regions of the Baltic, White, Caspian, Black and Azov seas, its length in the region is 340 km. The Volga is regulated by dams and has practically become a chain of reservoirs: Uglich (with a capacity of 1.2 km³), Rybinsk (25.4 km³, the area in the region is 3246 km² out of 4580 km²) and Gorky (8.8 km³).

In total, 4,327 rivers flow through the territory of the region with a total length of 19,340 km. Their annual flow is 38.8 km³. The longest rivers (within the region): Volga - 340 km, Sot - 170 km, Sit - 159 km, Mouth - 153 km, Kotorosl - 132 km, Sarah - 93 km, Sogozha - 90 km, Obnora - 90 km, Sutka – 84 km.

There are 83 lakes. The largest: Nero - 5130 ha, and Pleshcheyevo - 5089 ha. Fresh water reserves in the region are 254 km³.

On the territory of the region, 30 deposits of fresh groundwater (reserves - 540 thousand m³ / day) and 29 mineral and brine (2.6 thousand m³ / day) have been explored. Fresh waters are used in household and drinking water supply, for technical purposes, mineral waters - as medicinal, brine and industrial purposes. Subsoil potential is significant in terms of geothermal resources (12-15 billion tons of reference fuel). Currently, 20% of cities and urban-type settlements are provided with explored operational groundwater reserves.

Fresh groundwater is abstracted by 726 water users during the operation of about 2,500 wells. Consumers of fresh groundwater are small rural and industrial settlements and 7 regional centers. The underground waters of the cities of Rybinsk (9.5%) and Uglich (26.9%) are partially used for household and drinking water supply.

The water of most water bodies is moderately polluted. The effluents from industrial enterprises have the greatest impact on quality.



The climate, due to its geographical location (the central part of the East European Plain), is temperate continental. Summer is relatively warm, short; winter is moderately cold and long. The coldest month is January (the average temperature fluctuates between -10.5 °С ... -12 °С), the warmest is July (+17.5 °С ... +18.5 °С). The autumn and spring periods are clearly expressed.

On average, about 500-600 mm of precipitation falls annually in the region, of which 30% falls in winter. Due to the fact that the evaporation rate is one third less than the amount of precipitation (400 mm), the climate in the region is humid. Humidity ranges from 52-56% in May to 65-93% in December.

The Yaroslavl region is divided by the Volga River flowing through its territory into two parts, which are characterized by some differences in climate, in particular, the left bank is characterized by greater humidity and more precipitation than the right bank. These districts, in turn, are divided into two more sub-districts each.


Ecology and nature conservation

The number of large animals has greatly decreased, but bears, wolves, foxes, elks, red and spotted deer, wild boars, lynxes, beavers, hares, and squirrels are still found in the forests. Many species of birds live and nest in the region. In cities, common birds are pigeons, jackdaws, hooded crows, magpies, house sparrows, great tits, ducks, as well as rooks, swifts, white wagtails, blackbirds and rock gulls during the breeding season.

On the peninsula, separated from the rest of the region by the Rybinsk Reservoir, there is a part of the Darwin Biosphere Reserve. Around Lake Pleshcheyevo there is a national park of the same name. The region also has 1 federal (“Yaroslavsky”) and 41 regional nature reserves, 70 natural monuments, 17 nature reserves, 82 protected natural and historical landscapes, 5 medical and recreational areas, 22 protected water ecosystems, 21 tourist and recreational areas.

In order to preserve the species diversity of the flora and fauna of the region and improve their natural reproduction, the Red Book of the Yaroslavl Region has been created.



The Yaroslavl region was inhabited already at the end of the Late Paleolithic after the retreat of the last glacier. In the Neolithic, the Volga-Oka interfluve was occupied by hunting and fishing tribes of the so-called Pit-Comb Ware culture. At the beginning of the II millennium BC (Bronze Age) cattle-breeding tribes invaded from the Middle Dnieper region, which subjugated the Neolithic tribes and partially mixed with them, they were called Fatyanovsk. From the middle of the 1st millennium BC until the middle of the first millennium AD. The region was inhabited by the so-called Dyakovo tribes, who knew how to process iron, were engaged in cattle breeding and slash-and-burn agriculture, as well as fishing and hunting. In the second half of the first millennium A.D the territory of the region is inhabited by the Finno-Ugric people Merya.

In the 9th-10th centuries, the Upper Volga region began to be peacefully settled by the Slavs, these were representatives of the Ilmen Slovenes and Krivichi, they gradually mixed with the Meryans. The first of the cities that arose on the territory of the region was Rostov, located on the lake Nero, which is mentioned in the annals as early as 862. Here the princes of Kyiv sent a prince or governor who ruled over the entire North-Eastern Russia. In 991, the Rostov diocese was established - one of the oldest in Rus'. Not earlier than 1010, the Rostov prince Yaroslav Vladimirovich (the Wise) founded the city of Yaroslavl on the Volga. At the beginning of the 13th century, North-Eastern Rus' also broke up into specific principalities; the main principalities on the territory of the modern Yaroslavl region were Pereslavl (1175-1302), Rostov (1207-1474), Uglich (1216-1605) and Yaroslavl (1218-1471). In February 1238, North-Eastern Rus' was devastated during the Tatar-Mongol invasion.

In the XIV-XV centuries, the principalities on the territory of the present Yaroslavl region became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The territory of the Yaroslavl region suffered greatly during the Time of Troubles, the population was devastated, many died or fled; especially heavy damage was inflicted on Rostov, Uglich and Yaroslavl. In 1719, Yaroslavl and Uglich provinces of the St. Petersburg province and Pereslavl and Kostroma provinces of the Moscow province were located on the territory of the modern Yaroslavl region. In 1786, the department of the Rostov diocese (since then it has been the Yaroslavl and Rostov diocese) was transferred from Rostov to Yaroslavl.

July 6-21, 1918 - Yaroslavl anti-Soviet uprising, July 8, 1918 - Rybinsk uprising: White Guard uprisings organized by the Union for the Defense of the Motherland and Freedom.

During the Civil War, active hostilities were not conducted on the territory of the region, with the exception of the Yaroslavl and Rybinsk uprisings, the suppression of which caused heavy damage to these cities, as well as the green movement.

In January 1929, after the liquidation of the provinces, the territory of the former Yaroslavl province became part of the Ivanovo industrial region.

On March 11, 1936, the Yaroslavl region was separated from the Ivanovo industrial region, consisting of 36 districts and 15 cities, including 3 cities of regional subordination - Yaroslavl, Rybinsk and Kostroma. The region included the territory of the former Yaroslavl province (without the eastern part of the Rostov district), a significant part of the Kostroma province and the Pereslavl district of the Vladimir province. The territory was 62 thousand km², and the population was 2.1 million people. The rest of the Ivanovo industrial region was renamed the Ivanovo region.

The Yaroslavl region has an area of 36.4 thousand km², which has remained virtually unchanged since then. The territory of the region began to truly turn into an industrial center during the years of the First Five-Year Plan (1928-1932). The Yaroslavl region has become a major center of energy, in addition, the danger of floods has been eliminated, and the conditions for navigation on the Volga have been improved. On the eve of the Great Patriotic War, the Yaroslavl region was one of the most industrialized in Central Russia. During the Great Patriotic War, the region was bombed, the most devastating of which occurred on the nights of June 10 and 21, 1943.

In 1946, the waters of the Rybinsk reservoir completely flooded the territory of the city of Mologa.