Ermak Travel Guide

 

Pereslavl Zalessky

Pereslavl Zalessky

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Pereslavl Zalessky

Pereslavl-Zalessky - a city (since 1152) in the Yaroslavl region of Russia. It is the administrative center of the Pereslavl district, which is not included, having the status of a city of regional importance and forming the urban district of Pereslavl-Zalessky with the only settlement in its composition. Population - 39,105 people. (2017).

The city is located 140 km from Moscow, on the M8 “Kholmogory” highway Moscow - Arkhangelsk, on the banks of Lake Pleshcheyevo, at the confluence of the River Trubezh. Center of the National Park "Plescheevo Lake". The kilometer mark “140 km” is located in the center of the city at the turn from Svoboda Street to Rostovskaya Street. It is the final railway station on the freight line from Berendeeva (line Moscow - Yaroslavl).

 

 

 

Pereslavl-Zalessky is an old Russian city halfway between Moscow and Yaroslavl, part of the Golden Ring. Being essentially a small city, geographically Pereslavl is quite large and stretches along the Yaroslavl road for many kilometers. He successfully combines the patriarchal nature of the Russian provinces with relative closeness to Moscow and the accompanying vivacity. The city will be interesting for the traveler to be the oldest pre-Mongolian church in Central Russia, a fully preserved earthen wall, the wonderful Lake Pleshcheyevo, where Peter I built the first Russian fleet, as well as a whole scattering of monasteries and temples of the XVI-XVIII centuries. In the vicinity of Pereslavl is the largest and perhaps the only museum of narrow-gauge railways in Russia. The city itself has recently acquired a record number of museums created from scratch, but not without charm, which are dedicated to teapots, irons and in general everything that falls.

 

Pereslavl-Zalessky is in a rather unusual place for Central Russia. Firstly, on the shore of Lake Pleshcheyevo - by the Central Russian standards of a large reservoir, which has a surprisingly regular oval shape. Secondly, the Klin-Dmitrov ridge and Vladimirskiy Opolye converge in the vicinity of Pereslavl, so the dense forests suddenly give way to open terrain here with wonderful panoramas that those who do not go to the city, but pass it by-passing, will especially enjoy. Pereslavl-Zalessky stands at the confluence of the river Trubezh into the lake. The center of the city is flat; the outskirts are spread over the hillsides surrounding the lake.

 

 

History of Pereslavl-Zalessky

The ancient history of Pereslavl-Zalessky is poorly known. The founding date of the city is considered to be 1152, when, according to the chronicles, Yury Dolgoruky ordered to build a fortress at the mouth of Trubezh and even laid a stone temple in it, which was serious at that time. In fact, the city was not created from scratch, it was simply transferred from the northern shore of Lake Pleshcheyeva, where Aleksandrova Gora is now located (see Lake Pleshcheyevo). That place, known in the annals as the city of Kleschin (it is believed that the lake was named Kleshchin or Pleshcheyev), had much better natural fortifications, but because of the small depth of the lake it was completely unsuitable as a pier. Perhaps this is why the city was moved to the mouth of the river Trubezh, where the only protection was earthen ramparts built on level ground. However, the ramparts were not very saved from the invaders: in the Middle Ages, Pereslavl-Zalessky was destroyed with enviable regularity, the last time - in the Time of Troubles.

From the beginning of the XIII century, Pereslavl-Zalessky became an independent fiefdom, in 1220 Alexander Nevsky was born here, who began to reign in Pereslavl, but soon he went "on the rise" to Novgorod. During the XIII century, the city more than once participated in civil strife, and in 1304 voluntarily joined Moscow under a will of the local prince who did not leave heirs. From the XIV century, Pereslavl-Zalessky becomes one of the many towns in the vicinity of Moscow, but even here its place was in something special. First, in the XIV-XVI centuries. In Pereslavl-Zalessky and its environs, almost a dozen monasteries have emerged, of which five have survived, and this is comparable if not to Suzdal, then at least to Gorokhovets: even in Central Russia there are few such cities. Secondly, the whitefish present in the city coat of arms (it’s also a freshwater whitefish) brought real fame to the city, because before Peter I it was delivered to the royal table and was an important element of the grand prince, and later the royal feasts. It is believed that in this way the Moscow princes marked the voluntary accession of Pereslavl to Moscow, which marked the beginning of the gathering of Russian lands and the formation of the state (although, perhaps, they simply liked fresh fish).

Peter I collected completely different lands and in a completely different way, therefore he considered the tradition irrelevant, but he also made the city famous in his own way, choosing Plescheevo Lake for the construction of the first Russian fleet. This fleet was still quite amusing, but played its role in history. Boat of Peter I is kept in the branch of the Pereslavl Museum-Reserve (see Plescheevo Lake).

From the 18th century, Pereslavl-Zalessky became an ordinary district town. Due to the peculiarities of the relief, the railway to Yaroslavl did not pass through it. Moreover, Pereslavl has never tried to rebuild on a regular basis, therefore in the center there are private houses, a chaotic layout, and even the only one of its kind complete ring of the city shaft.

The Soviet time brought Pereslavl-Zalesskythe status of the city of the Golden Ring and the Slavich plant which produced the film, which is now partially inactive, and partially busy with the production of insulation materials and other useful things. At the dawn of Perestroika, under Pereslavl-Zalessky, the Institute of Software Systems was created, and at one time there was even a private university in the city, now closed. Although the city has more and more new houses, cottages and Moscow cars, Pereslavl-Zalessky retains an ineradicable raid of provincialism.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips