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Bronze Horseman & Decembrists’ Square (Saint Petersburg)

Bronze Horseman (Saint Petersburg)

 

 

 

 

Admiralty and Alexander Garden
Bus: 7 & 10
Trolleybus: 1, 7, 10
Metro: Nevsky prospekt

 

 

 

 

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The Bronze Horseman

Bronze Horseman is a monument erected on the Decembrists' Square to honor the founder of Saint Petersburg, Emperor Peter the Great. This is one of the most prominent symbols of Saint Petersburg. The famous Bronze Horseman to Peter I is actually made of bronze, but it got its name due to a well- known poem by A.S. Pushkin "The Bronze Horseman". The sculpture was designated by sculptor Etienne Falconet, while the emperor's head was molded by his students Marie- Anne Collot. Falconet explained that he designed his sculpture as a monument to statesman and legislator that turned the tight of Russian history, rather than a successful military man (which obviously he was).

 

The rock of the Bronze Horseman was discovered by a peasant S. Vishnyakov who claimed it was stricken by a lighting, thus it got its nickname Grom- Kamen (Thunder Stone). Officials sent a large party to deliver this huge boulder. They had to drag Thunder Stone for several miles through Northern swamps, then loaded the stone on a huge barge and finally delivered it to Saint Petersburg.

 

The name of the Decembrist Square where it stands is dedicated to a secret Russian revolutionary Decembrists staged their failed coup in December 1825 after supposed death of Russian Emperor Alexander I. New emperor wasn't crowned yet and while two brother of the dead monarch, Nicholas (future Nicholas I) and Constantine were discussing the situation, several officers from prominent aristocratic families attempted to stage a revolt.

 

Although Communist government put them on the pedestal of martyrs current historians are less positive about this failed coup. It was badly planned and most of organizers didn't have a clear plan of actions if they did manage to succeed. Decembrists' rebellion turned into a mess with dozens of soldiers they led killed or wounded. Five Decembrists' were hanged. All others were exiled to Siberia. Communist government name the location of the coup in their honor.

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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