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New Holland Island (Saint Petersburg)

Image of New Holland Island

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Description of the New Holland

New Holland is a small artificial island in the historic center of Saint Petersburg that covers a total area of 59000 square meters. It was formed in 1717 when contractor Kryukov constructed a new artificial Kryukov Canal that transverses Admiralty Canal and Moika River and connected to Neva River. New Holland was named so by Emperor Peter the Great himself. He spent several months working various trades incognito in Amsterdam in Holland. Saint Petersburg in general was designed as a large version of the city. And this artificial island in particular reminded him about Holland. He transferred this island to the newly formed Russian Admiralty and on 21 September 1721 New Holland became the first military port of Saint Petersburg and Russia. Initially it was used as a minor shipyard for construction of smaller rowing boats. In 1732 Admiralty ordered architect Ivan Korobkov to design a network of channels and a complex of warehouses to fit needs of the Navy.

 

Over the course of several centuries the compound was enlarged, new warehouses were added to served Russian Navy.. In 1788 New Holland got its most distinct and distinguishable feature, New Holland Arch. It was designed by Jean- Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe in Neo- Classical architectural style flanked by Tuscan columns made from red granite.

 

In the 19th century New Holland was expended again. In 1828- 29 new navy prison was constructed and small pond was enlarged in 1893 to fit requirements of the new testing grounds for the navy. Aleksei Krylov used this basin for testing new models of ships between 1900 and 1908. He became world famous scientist in study of survivability of ships in extreme conditions including military actions as well as extreme forces of nature. During World War I the most powerful radio station in Imperial Russian was constructed here. After monarchy and democratic governments were overthrown by the Bolsheviks they used this radio station in information war with anti- Soviet forces of general P.I. Krasnov.

 

After completion of the Russian Civil War New Holland was abandoned as new technologies couldn't fit into fairly small testing facilities of the island. Today it serves as a museum of historic and architectural significance.

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

 

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