Summer Palace is a Baroque royal residence
constructed in the early 18th century for Russian Emperor Peter I
about the same time Saint Petersburg was established. Summer Palace is located on the banks of Neva
river surrounded by a Summer Garden. Summer Palace with its 14
rooms was intended as a private residence during summer months,
rather than hold any state events.
Summer Palace first floor contains bedroom of
Peter the Great, kitchen, dining room, dressing room and a room
for a attendant coachman. While the second floor contained a
bedroom of his wife Empress Catherine and her children.
Additionally a Green Room served as a personal office for the
Russian tsar. It was decorated in the spirit of the new French
fashion that was introduced by J. Leblon.
Panels, doors, and stairs of Summer Palace are
made of oak. At the time of its construction oak wood was used
mainly for the needs of the military fleet warships. Many
aspects of the interior carry allegorical reference to the glory
of victorious navy and army that won the Russian Northern War.
Summer Palace of Peter I is preserved in its original conditions
through centuries. In 1925 Summer Palace was nationalized and
handed over to the Russian Museum. And in 1934 it was turned
into a Historical Museum.