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Golden Gates (Vladimir)

Golden Gate of Vladimir is an outstanding monument of ancient medieval architecture designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

 

 

Constructed: 1164

 

 

 

 

 

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Description of Vladimir Golden Gate

Golden Gate was constructed by Andrew Bogolyubsky (God- Loving) in 1164 for defensive purpose of the city walls that once stood here. It reaches a height of 14 meters. From the North and the South Golden Gate was flanked by protective walls and moats. The name of  Golden Gate eludes to the Golden Gate of Jerusalem. According to the New Testament Golden Gate was used by Jesus Christ to enter the city.

 

Vladimir Golden Gate was the main triumphant entrance to the city that was used by the princes and boyars (Russian aristocracy) to enter Vladimir. Golden Gate of Vladimir is the only gate that survived from the medieval times. In the 12th century medieval Vladimir had seven entrance gates: Copper, Volgda, Silver, Irina's, Trading, Ivanovo and Golden Gate. Golden was the highest and most elaborate. Historians also believe that the main entrance of the walled city of Vladimir protected by wooden doors with golden plates depicting religious scenes. In fact during night Easter mass service was held here. However during Tatar attack under leadership of Chan Batiy in 1238 the plates disappeared. Presumably they were hidden by the citizen of the city in the nearby lakes or buried underground.

 

In the last 50 years the Golden Gate houses Vladimir- Suzdal Military Historic Museum. The center of its collection is dominated by a diorama of sacking of Vladimir by the Mongol forces of khan Batu in 1238. Additionally there is a small collection of various weapons that date back to the 18th and 19th century including relics from the Patriotic War of 1812. In the summer of 1991 thousands of residents of Vladimir came to the Golden Gate to greed relics of St. Seraphim of Sarov, who were solemnly transported from St. Petersburg to Diveevo. In the mid-1990s a historic icon of Christ the Savior and the Mother of God was placed above the main entrance of the Golden Gate.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

 

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