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Mamayev Kurgan (Volgograd)

 Volgograd Mamayev Kurgan

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Description of the Mamayev Kurgan

Mamayev Kurgan or "tumulus of Mamai" holds a dominant height overlooking Volgograd. It is situated on the right bank of the Volga River. This small piece of land became the key to securing the city during bloody battle of Stalingrad.

 

Mamayev Kurgan Volgograd

Mamayev Kurgan or "tumulus of Mamai" holds a dominant height overlooking Volgograd. It is situated on the right bank of the Volga River. This small piece of land became the key to securing the city during bloody battle of Stalingrad.

 

Mamayev Kurgan is a Tartar (Mongol tribe) burial mound at a height of 102 meters. This location in general has many legends and stories. Some are based on facts, others are hard to prove. It is known that Sarmatians regarded this area as sacred and carried out religious rituals here as early as 5th century BC. Some even believe that military expedition of Persian king Darius against these nomadic tribe might have reached area of modern day Volgograd. Another legend claim that after the battle at Kulikovo Field in 1380 Tatar general Mamai fled the victorious Russian army to banks of Volga. Here he was killed by a contender to a throne of the Golden Horde and here Mamai was supposedly buried. Although we know now that it is not true "kurgan" or tumulus belonged to some unknown prominent Tatar leader.

 

During World War II Mamayev Kurgan became the central prize in Stalingrad Battle. Due to its dominant position in the city Germans threw thousands of troops and tanks to capture it. Soviet Red Army defended the hill for over 200 days. Over 35,000 of Soviet soldiers were buried at the conclusion of the grandiose battle. However until 1959 the mound was pitted with bombs and mines. From 1959 to October 1967 Mamayev Kurgan was turned into monument "Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" dedicated to soldiers who fell here. It encompasses a total area of 26 hectares.

 

 

Church of All Saints (Volgograd)

Panorama Museum (Volgograd)

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

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