Ermak Travel Guide

 

Amderma

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Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Amderma

Amderma - a settlement (in 1936–2004 - an urban-type settlement) in the Nenets Autonomous District. Located in the border zone, Amderma is the administrative-territorial unit (village) and the municipality (rural settlement Amderma settlement as the only settlement in its composition) in the Polar region.

The name of the settlement in translation from Nenets means “rookery of walruses”.

Founded in 1933, the settlement of Amderma, in 1936 received the status of an urban-type settlement. In December 2004, due to the possibility for the village residents to have privileges granted to rural residents, Amderma was assigned to rural settlements (townships), and within the framework of the municipal structure, it was given the status of a rural settlement. The administrative center and the only settlement in the municipality is the settlement of Amderma.

The settlement of Amderma is located on the coast of the Kara Sea, east of the Yugorsky Shar strait on the Yugorsky Peninsula. The distance to the district center, Naryan-Mar, is 420 km. The nearest train station is 270 km away in the city of Vorkuta.

The settlement is located beyond the Arctic Circle in the European part of Russia. The polar day lasts from May 20 to July 30, the polar night - from November 27 to January 16. Not far from the village flows the river Amderma.

 

 

 

 

 

Climate
The climate is arctic, winter is slightly mitigated by the Kara Sea, at the same time frosts below −40 ° C are possible, often the village is reached by Atlantic air masses that bring thaws in winter. Summer is cool, heat rarely occurs, winter lasts on average from late September - early October to early - mid May.

 

 

History

The village was founded in July 1933 in connection with the start of the construction of a mine for the production of fluorspar (fluorite), the field of which was discovered in 1932 by the geological exploration batch P. A. Shrubko. The organizer of the construction of the settlement and mine for the production of fluorspar was mining engineer E. S. Livanov. The extraction of fluorite (raw materials for metallurgy, optics, and the ceramic industry) at the Amderma mine allowed the USSR to abandon import purchases.

In 1936, the village was given the status of a working village. After the end of World War II, when other deposits of fluorspar, which were more profitable in production, were explored, the Amderma mine was closed. However, the village continued to develop as a base for the development of the Arctic. From 1940 to 1959, the Amderma District existed.

Since August 28, 1956, the 72nd Guards Polotsky Order of Suvorov, 3rd class, fighter aviation regiment, which performed the tasks of air defense, which organizationally was part of the 4th Air Defense Division of the 10th Arkhangelsk Separate Air Defense Army, was based at the airport located near the village. The regiment was withdrawn from the village on October 25, 1993 to Savvatiya (Kotlas, Arkhangelsk region).

In 1969, 2.9 thousand people lived in the village. The maximum number of residents lived in the village in the 1980s: according to the 1989 census, the population of the village was 5.1 thousand inhabitants.

In the 1980s, fluorite production was resumed, but not for long. In the 1990s, the prospect of gravel extraction was considered, which was not realized due to unprofitability.

In 1995, a comprehensive permafrost laboratory was closed, and in 1998, the Torgmortrans office.

Amderma's population declined sharply in the 1990s due to the departure of residents. In 1998, 1.9 thousand inhabitants were registered. And according to the 2002 census, only 650 people remained in the village. In 2011, there were 556 people.

In the future, Amderma is considered as a basis for the development of oil and gas fields in the northern part of the Timan-Pechora oil and gas province.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips