Anapa, Russia


Anapa is located in Krasnodar Krai Anapa is a resort town in the southwest of the Krasnodar Territory of Russia, on the Black Sea coast.

Anapa is located 1691 km from Moscow, 170 km from Krasnodar, 360 km from Sochi. The Caucasus Mountains begin here (there is a stele with an eagle on this occasion).

Anapa is a very old city, originally founded as a settlement of the Sinds - Sindskaya Harbor, or Sindika. With the accession to the Bosporus state in the 6th century BC. it began to be called Gorgippia after the name of its ruler Gorgipp. In the XIV century - there was a Genoese colony of Mapa. And then in 1475, during a campaign against Kafa, the city was captured by the Ottoman Empire, and a little later, in 1781-1782, a Turkish fortress was built, which was subsequently captured by the Russian Empire several times, and was finally annexed to Russia in 1829.

The architecture of the city is original and original. Despite a very small area, the city of Anapa has a high density of development with a variety of buildings, from cottages to multi-storey buildings. There are twenty-story residential buildings in the new microdistricts.

Car traffic is quite dense, in the summer with regular traffic jams.

The shallow waters in the Anapa region warm up well. The average water temperature during the swimming season, which lasts from May to September, is 22-25 °C.


Getting here

By plane
Anapa International Airport (Vityazevo) (IATA: AAQ (domestic ANA)), Vityazevo village (5 km from the Anapa railway station, 4 km from the village of Vityazevo, 15 km from the center of the city of Anapa). ✉ ☎ +7 (86133) 332-18, 8-800-333-19-91. The joint-based airfield - in addition to civil aviation, is used by the aviation of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. There are several Rospechat shops, souvenir shops, a Krasnodar Tea shop, 3 bank branches, luggage packing (05:00-22:00, 350 rubles), Carbooking car rental agency in the terminal building. There is free Wi-Fi inside the building, but with a session duration limit of 30 minutes, and in order to connect to Wi-Fi, you need to receive a password via SMS.
On the second floor of the terminal there are two restaurants: Bella Napoli pizzeria (08.00 - 20.00, serving traditional Italian cuisine) and Alexandria bar (08.00 - 22.00, a wide range of hot dishes, set meals, cold appetizers, salads, drinks, tea , coffee).

Luggage storage is open in winter from 08.00 to 20.00, in summer from 06.00. until 22.00, without a lunch break, the cost is 140-400 rubles per day.

How to get there:
Shuttle taxi No. 113 runs between the city and the airport (in summer - every hour, in winter - to the plane from Moscow)
Also, during the holiday season, the Airport-Anapa-Gelendzhik bus runs.
The official taxi "CHIP" operates on the territory of the airport. The cost of the trip to Vityazevo - 500 rubles, to Anapa - 800 rubles (2014).

By train
Long-distance trains to Krasnoyarsk, Minsk, Moscow, Tomsk. In 2020, electrification came here, and now there are local trains to Krasnodar and Rostov. Since 2020, UPPC diesel trains have appeared to Kerch, and with an hour transfer to Feodosia.

Anapa railway station, pos. Upper Dzhemete, Simferopol Highway, highway m-25 (6 km from Anapa). ☎ Inquiry +7 (86133) 531 86.

By car
For Muscovites: along the M4 "Don" highway, to the village of Kislyakovskaya (Krasnodar Territory). Further along the road through the villages of Kanevskaya, Leningradskaya to Slavyansk-on-Kuban and through Temryuk to the M25 highway to Anapa.

In general, there are several entrances to the city of Anapa. North - A-290 (M-25), then the highway 03K-010 through the village of Gostagaevskaya, from A-290 through the village of Anapskaya, and from the south - through Supsekh.

By bus
Flights to Krasnodar (3-4.5 h), Novorossiysk (1 h), Rostov-on-Don (9 h), Stavropol (12 h), Kislovodsk (13 h), Kerch (3.5-4 h), Yalta, Sevastopol.

Bus station, Krasnoarmeyskaya st., 11. ☎ Dispatcher: +7 (86133) 56897;

On the ship
Marine Station, st. Lenina, 1. ☎ +7 (86133) 454 57.


Around the city

Anapa's public transport consists of buses and fixed-route taxis.

Taxi drivers work through an operator. The fare in the city is very democratic, because. Anapa is small in area (from north to south, incomplete 4 km)



Embankment of Anapa. The main place of accumulation of restaurants, cafes and nightclubs of the city. On the embankment you can see the composition "Scarlet Sails" and a monument to a vacationer.
Park of the 30th anniversary of the Victory. The park is the main place of entertainment. There are many attractions here, a shifting house and the famous Anapa white hat 5 .
Russian gates, Pushkin street (entrance to the park of the 30th anniversary of the Victory). 1781-1783. The gate is the best preserved part of the Turkish fortress. At the Park Hotel you can see the remains of a defensive moat. At the gate there is a monument to Ataman Bezkrovny.
Flower clock.
Temple of St. Onufry the Great, st. Cathedral, 7. One of the oldest temples in the Kuban.
Upper embankment. On the embankment you can see the lighthouse 1 and the crypt Geroon 12.
Council Square. Main square of the city. It houses the city hall, a large musical fountain and a chapel in the name of the prophet Axis.
Temple of Seraphim of Sarov, st. Mayakovsky, 111V.
Avenue of Roses.
Walnut Grove Park.
Monument to the founder of the resort Dr. Budzinsky.
Monument to Aibolit.
Building with a water tower, st. Kirova, 2. One of the first buildings of the city
The first building of the health resort "Beregovaya". 1900 This is a preserved part of the country house of the famous Russian archaeologist N. I. Veselovsky, who lived in the late XIX - early XX century. The building houses his house-museum.


What to do

1  Dolphinarium Nemo, Pionersky Prospekt, 20 A.
Oceanarium "Ocean Park", Pionersky Prospekt, 20 A (in the Dolphinarium building). ☎ + 7 (918) 25-01-777. 🕑 June–September 9:00–22:00, October–May 9:00–18:00. Adult 350 rubles, children under 5 years old - free of charge.
Aquapark "Golden Beach", st. Grebenskaya, 2A. ✉ ☎ 8 (861) 333-16-68. 🕑 10:00-22:00. 900 rub. (children), 1500 rubles. (adult).
Water park "Tiki-tak", Pionersky prospect, 38.
Marine Aquarium "Batiscaphe", st. Protapova, 1. ✉ ☎ 8 (918) 430-35-38. 🕑 10:00 to 21:00 (summer).
2  Safari park "Balu".
Water ski park "Sea of Pleasure" (rope wakeboarding).
3 City Theatre, st. Crimean, 119.
4  Drink mineral water in the city pump room.
Boat trip.
5 "Vysoky Bereg" beach. pebble beach
6  Upside down house  , Gorky, 1G.

7 Local Lore Museum.
8  ☆Gorgippia Archaeological Museum , st. Embankment, 4 (In the city center, a few steps from the embankment). ✉ ☎ +7 (86133) 431 54. 🕑 9:00 - 20:00.

9  Cinema Pobeda.



Film festival of the CIS and Baltic countries "Kinoshock". Usually held in September.
Windsurfing and kitesurfing festival, traditionally held at the end of September.
Children's song and dance festival "Blue-eyed Anapa".



SEC Red Square".
Hypermarket "Magnet", a cinema, a household appliances store "M.Video", a KFC eatery and a bunch of small traders with all sorts of nonsense.



As in any resort town, Anapa has a huge number of canteens, cafes and restaurants for every taste and budget. Out of season, many of them may be closed.

1 Shpinat, st. Astrakhanskaya, 21 (at the crossroads with Novorossiyskaya street). ☎ +7 (918) 054-11-91. 🕑 08:00-22:00.

Average cost
2  Irina, st. Grebenskaya, 1.
3  Brookwin  , st. Lenina, 10. The institution positions itself as a gastrobar. Large selection of quality wines from the farms of the Taman Peninsula and surrounding areas. The choice of food is small, but includes local specialties. Prices are higher than the city average.

4  Coliseum, Pionersky Ave.


Night life

Club "Maby".



Guest house, Gorky 11. ✉ ☎ 8 918 310 10 72. 350. The guest house is located in the very center of Anapa and welcomes tourists all year round, comfortable rooms of different sizes and prices are offered for living. It offers parking and a shared kitchen.



Cellular operators: MTS, Beeline, Megafon, Tele2, Skylink. Within the city, 3G networks are available almost everywhere.



Anapa is located in the southwestern part of the Krasnodar Territory of Russia on the shores of the Black Sea. Anapa is located 1.5 thousand km from Moscow, 190 km from Krasnodar, 360 km from Sochi at the junction of the Greater Caucasus and the Taman Peninsula.

Here the wooded Caucasian foothills give way to flowering valleys, and the Taman plains are interspersed with sea estuaries. The summer heat is softened by the cool wind from the sea.

The sandy beach (see Anapskaya spillway) borders the sea in a smooth arc, forming a comfortable and beautiful bay. The shallow water in the Anapa area warms up well. The average water temperature during the swimming season, which lasts from late May to late September (early October), is 21-25 ° C.



The climate of the city is Mediterranean. The Caucasus Mountains in the Anapa region are small and represent low, forested hills up to 200 meters high. Due to the low nature of the mountains, the rise of air masses and moisture condensation does not occur here, which is the reason for the dry and hot summers typical for the Mediterranean climate. In winter, cyclones from the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea or the Atlantic Ocean dominate, causing cloudy weather with prolonged heavy rainfall. Sometimes cold anticyclones invade from the north and northeast, which bring short-term frosts. The average annual precipitation in Anapa is 450 mm.

Very rarely, about once every ten years, severe frosts occur in Anapa. For example, on January 23, 2006, the temperature in the city dropped to −23.9 ° C.



In ancient times (several centuries BC) on the site of Anapa there was a Sindi settlement - the ancient city of Sindskaya harbor, or Sindika. With the accession to the Bosporus state (from the IV century BC to the III century AD), Gorgippia was named after its ruler Gorgippus.
In the XIV century - the Genoese colony of Mapa. The Genoese built a strong fortification here, marked on the maps of Visconti in 1318, Catalan and others under the name Mapa.
In 1395, when Tamerlane undertook a campaign against Tokhtamysh, he also destroyed the suburb of the Anap fortress, but the Kevergan fortress itself (diamond ore) was spared.
In 1475, during the reign of Sultan Muhammad II (Ottoman Empire), during a campaign against Kafa, Keduk Ahmed Pasha, who commanded this expedition, took the Anapa castle along the way and left a Turkish garrison in it.

In 1641, the Turkish writer Evliya Chelebi visited Anapa on his way from Gonia in the retinue of the Goni Zemberekdzhi-Bashi (chief of artillery), who was entrusted with participating in the siege of Azov, then occupied by the Don Cossacks. Evliya stayed in Anapa for several days and briefly described her.
The castle lies at the tip of the cape, on a clay rock; it is strong, but does not have a garrison and has been repeatedly plundered by the Don Cossacks. Anapa Castle is well built and is so well preserved, as if its construction had just been completed. Further Evliya says that according to the description of Temir-oglu Osman Pasha, Anapa is the residence of the governor of the Taman Sanjak in the Kafa province. The inhabitants, called Shefaki, pay tithing only when forced to do so, and are generally very prone to rebellion; their number does not exceed 300 souls. The castle has a large harbor in which 1000 ships, tied together by a rope, can stand safely. This harbor is protected against winds blowing from any direction. There is no such port on the Black Sea anymore; once a kind of pearl was gathered here, and the shells now still lie on the shore - the second reason why the castle was named Kevergan (diamond ore). Russians annually pester here and collect pearl shells. "If this castle," adds Evliya in conclusion, "were brought into good condition and provided with a sufficient garrison, it would not be difficult to keep all the Circassians in perfect obedience."

The historian F.K.Brun, commenting on the news of Evliya, says that the inhabitants of Anapa during the capture of the city by the Turks in 1475 were Christians, since Haja-Khalfa, a Turkish writer of the first half of the 17th century, testified that even in his time the Shegaks belonged to Christian Circassians.

The famous orientalist Y. Klaprot made a trip to the Caucasus in 1807-1808 on behalf of Count Potocki for historical, archaeological and ethnographic research. He reported the following information about Anapa: a small Circassian tribe Shegake lived on the Bugur River near Anapa, their name means "seaside inhabitants"; they had a prince Mamet-Girey-Zhan (Mohammed-Girey Zan) and previously lived in the place where Anapa was built. Then they greatly decreased in number from the raids of the Abkhaz and from the plague. When the Russians occupied Crimea and Taman, the Turks rebuilt the Anapa fortress in 1782 in order to protect the fleeing population and the Nogais who roamed around the Kuban.


According to the testimony of the Italian Ekluz, who was on the ship in the Anapa harbor in May 1823, his servants often met Russian slaves on the streets of the city, who expressed a strong desire to use their ship to regain their freedom, but the supervision of the Turks did not allow them to bow to their prayers. For the Turkish aristocracy, Anapa was of exceptional interest, thanks to the well-established and lively slave trade.

The fortress was built in 1781-1782. During the Russian-Turkish wars, it was captured by Russian troops several times:
June 22, 1791 by the troops of the Caucasian corps of General-in-Chief Gudovich and the Tauride corps of Major General Shits (Storming Anapa in the war of 1787-1792)
On April 29, 1807, the squadron of Rear Admiral Pustoshkin (during the war of 1806-1812)
On July 15, 1809, a landing from Perkhurov's squadron (in the same war, 1806-1812)
On June 12, 1828, the landing detachment of Prince Menshikov (during the war of 1828-1829)
It was finally annexed to Russia under the Adrianople Peace Treaty of 1829. It was part of the Black Sea coastline. By decree of Tsar Nicholas I of December 15, 1846, the Anapa fortress received the status of a city.
In May 1854, during the Crimean War, Anapa was “abolished” (destroyed by its own defenders) in order to avoid capture by an enemy landing force from the already captured Kerch. The territory was occupied until the end of the war by the troops of the Ottoman Empire, who approached the Black Sea coast from the south.
Resort since 1866. By the end of the 19th century, the sanatorium of Dr. V. A. Budzinsky received its first guests, and by the beginning of the 20th century, the city was already a well-known rapidly developing resort and port. Resort construction in Anapa continued in the 1920s and 30s. In the early 1940s, Anapa had 14 sanatoriums and more than 10 pioneer camps.
During the Great Patriotic War, the resort was completely destroyed and finally rebuilt in the 1950s.
In 1979, one kilometer from the city border of Anapa, the railway station of the same name was opened.
On March 12, 1994, the municipalities of Anapa district and the city of Anapa were merged into the resort of Anapa. 1996: the municipality is renamed into the resort city of Anapa.
On April 1, 2006, as a result of the reform of local self-government, the municipal formation “resort town of Anapa” was formed with the status of an urban district.
By the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated May 5, 2011 No. 586, the city was awarded the honorary title "City of Military Glory".
City Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in September.



There are several options for translating the word "Anapa". This is due to the presence of phrases similar in sound among the peoples who lived on the site of the modern city. Of these, the most recognized are:

Cherk. "Anne-pe" - "The edge of the rounded table". It is believed that the Anapa bay could remind the local Circassian tribes (Natukhais and Shegaks) of the outlines of the Adyghe national table "Anne", which was distinguished by the absence of corners and an exceptionally round shape of the table top.
Dr.-Greek. "Ana-pa" - "High Cape". In the ancient Greek "Argonautics" Apollonius of Rhodes, mentioning the word "Anapa" for the first time, interprets it precisely as "a high cape". Most likely, the area received this name due to the high and steep bank, along which the street. Old Embankment.
In the Abkhaz language "A-napy" - "hand", "palm" - the border in the Middle Ages of Abkhazia and Circassia passed through the Anapa cape. According to Academician Marr, the mouth of the Bgur (Anapka) River used to look like a “palm”, in the Abkhazian interpretation “a hand” - the extreme fortpost of the Abkhazian kingdom - “my hand is still stretching out”.
V. A. Potto in the 1st volume of the "Caucasian War" in the chapter "Bibikov's disastrous campaign against Anapa" has another version: "The very word" anapa "comes from two Tatar words:" ana "- mother and" pai " - part, share. In the first time of the existence of the fortress, it was not called otherwise, as Anapai - "mother's part", or "mother's share" ("bosom"). The origin of this name is usually explained by the fact that the Turks, trying to alleviate the fate of their fellow believers, expelled from the Crimea, assigned them a place in the Kuban under the protection of this fortress; at one time the Tatars highly appreciated such patronage and expressed their gratitude in the very name of Anapa, which, like a caring mother, sheltered the unfortunate exiles. "