Anavgai, Russia



Anavgai (Koryaksk. Anavn'ai - larch resin) is a village at the confluence of the Anavgai and Bystraya rivers, a national settlement in the Bystrinsky district of the Kamchatka Territory of Russia. It forms Anavgayskoye rural settlement.


Natural conditions

The distance to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is 495 km. The village is located on the territory of the Bystrinsky Natural Park, included in 1996 in the UNESCO World Natural Heritage List, in a picturesque place, surrounded on all sides by hills, at an altitude of 330 meters above sea level.



The climate of Anavgai, which is isolated in the spurs of the Sredinny ridge, is continental, with frosty winters (lasts 160-170 days) and short summers. The average January temperature is -19 ° C, the absolute minimum is -45-50 ° C. Summer (temperature transition through + 10 ° C) is relatively warm, starts from the third decade of June and lasts until the end of August, when the first frosts are noted. In July, there are often days with temperatures up to +30 ° C, the absolute maximum is +34 ° C. The first snow falls in mid-September. In mid-October, the snow cover falls, which melts only at the end of May. The average height of the snow cover is 1 meter. The number of hours of sunshine is about 1600 hours. Average rainfall is 400 mm (maximum in July-August). This is one of the driest places in Kamchatka. The last frosts can be delayed until June 27, and the first ones begin on August 21.



All rivers in the area of ​​the village are mountainous with rather high flow rates and narrow valleys. Loach and grayling are found in the rivers of the natural park. It is believed that V.V. Atlasov with his detachment, going down the valley of the Anavgai River, went for the first time to the Kamchatka River. It was in the upper reaches of the Anavgai River that the Cossacks left their reindeer with the Yukaghirs and made their descent from the ridge into the valley of the Kamchatka River.

In the valley in the middle reaches of the Anavgai River on the northern slope of the Chempura volcano there are the Oka and Apapelsky hot springs.



The history of the origin and development of the village of Anavgai dates back to the early thirties of the last century and is inextricably linked with the Soviet transformations in the region. It is difficult to determine the exact date of the foundation of the village, the existing information is contradictory.

On February 8, 1926, at a meeting of the Anavgai clan, it was decided to create a tribal council (chairman - Indanov Ivan Markovich, members of the Council - Gilkanov Innokenty Ignatovich and Cherkanov Sergei Gavrilovich) and unite with other Even clans: Lauchansky and Kekunaysky. At that time, the village was not like this, there were several winter roads on the site of the modern camp "Menadek".

By a decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of January 10, 1932, the Bystrinsky national (Evensky) region was formed with the administrative center in the village of Onovgai within the existing borders of the Bystrinsky Lamut native region. Later, the village of Esso became the administrative center.

On December 24, 1934, on the day of elections to the local Soviets of Working People's Deputies, Anavgai officially became a village. At the same time, the settlement was not constantly in one place, the local Even inhabitants lived in tents and they slowly wandered along the Anavgai river from the source to the mouth of the Bystraya river.

By the decision of the executive committee of the Kamchatka Regional Council of April 25, 1941, a plan was developed for settling the nomadic population in the Tigil and Bystrinsky regions. According to this plan, Anavgai became the economic center of the partnership. Molotov. During the war years, the first elementary school of 2 classes was built with the number of students 24 people, a nursery, a post office, a first-aid post, a shop, a canteen, and a bakery. On the 47th kilometer of the road, at the hot springs, first a parking lot was arranged, and then a recreation center. There were also grasslands.

In the 1960s, the population of the village increased in connection with the course towards consolidation of collective farms, when the “unpromising” villages of Lauchan in 1960, Tvayan in 1964, Bystraya in 1969 were liquidated. In March 1969 the Anavgaysky state farm was established.

In 1967, a nursery garden with a round-the-clock group for Even children was opened in the village, but there were children who were in the herds. Since the mid-60s, education at the school has been conducted in Russian, which negatively affected both the academic performance and the culture of the Evens. Children were more and more detached from their families. They only get into herds in summer. Gradually, the continuity in traditional occupations began to be lost.

The Anavgay settlement acquired its modern look in the 60s-70s of the XX century. This time is the peak of socio-economic development. Residents received new housing, stable earnings. Thermal and cold water was supplied to the village. In 1978, an eight-year school was opened in the village, and later a secondary school. In 1980, a two-story building of an 8-year boarding school was built, since 1985 the school has been transformed into a secondary boarding school. The House of Culture appeared.


Socio-economic upheavals of the 1990s. heavily affected the life of Anavgai. In 1992, the state farm was reorganized; instead, the Rassvet peasant farm and Anavgai LLC were created. The village council was reorganized into a village administration. There was a sharp decline in employment, unemployment, as a result, drunkenness. The reindeer population has decreased by 3.5 times in 10 years.

In these conditions, the problem of survival has become very acute. The Anavgays see the solution to it in a return to the origins, to their culture. This is reflected in the revival of customs, rituals, in the activities of national ensembles that attract tourists. Tourism in the future can be considered as an independent economic direction.



Camp "Manedek"
Camp "Menedek" is a cultural monument of the Koryak and Even peoples, designed for numerous tourists visiting the area. The habitat of the indigenous people of Kamchatka is reproduced here. On the territory of the complex there are Even and Koryak dwellings - yurts and yarangas, facilities for storing clothes and utensils - booths and mamychkas. Sacred wooden figures guard the paths, protecting the sacred hearth from evil spirits. In the village of Anavgai there are workshops for dressing and processing reindeer skins, making souvenirs from birch bark and beads, wood and bone carving.

The outskirts of the village
Anavgay is located in a picturesque place of the Bystraya river valley, among the mountains, so there are a lot of places worth visiting. The main ones are: an observation deck at the Bystrinskaya hydroelectric power station, an Indian rock, an ecological path along the Kovavlya river, therapeutic pools at the 47th kilometer, a hike to the Sleeping Beauty hill, from which an amazing view of the village and its surroundings opens.

Spring of the 47th km
The springs are located on the left bank of the Bystraya-Kozyrevskaya River, on the 47th kilometer of the highway leading to Esso from the village of Krapivnaya. Once upon a time there was a small dispensary for forest workers. A swimming pool was built, a bathroom department was opened. But the foresters soon gave up on preventive work. Preserved natural outlets of hot water in the marshy lowland. Their indicators: flow rate - 4 l / s, temperature - 430C, mineralization - 3 g / l; silicic acid - 0.031 g / l. In addition to the natural outlet, a well was drilled in 1950 with a flow rate of 2.5 l / s and with the same chemical indicators. Due to the low total flow rate and not too high temperature, even in summer, the water in the pool and baths is cool. The only exception is one bathtub, made in the form of an ordinary wooden well with a slightly increased cross-section, at the bottom of which there is a constant natural exchange of water. It can accommodate three or four people, in a layer of water of about 30-40 cm, and patients prefer to be treated, since the relatively high temperature, the presence of silicic acid, the absolute freshness of the water that has just emerged from the ground are beneficial.

Dance is the soul of the people
In the village there are dance groups "Nurgenek" (Dance Festival) and a children's group "Oryakan" (fawn), which are participants and prize-winners of many international festivals. Not a single cultural event in the region and the Kamchatka Territory can do without them.


Traditional holidays

On the days of the summer solstice, on the night of June 21-22, a folklore festival "Nurgenek" is organized, dedicated to the New Year according to the Even calendar. In early June - the holiday of the first fish. Late February-early March is the day of the reindeer herder. On this day, deer races with national costumes, dances, games take place on the Anavgai field. Guests are offered dishes of national cuisine: reindeer shurpa and Anavgay herbal tea. In August - the Day of the Aboriginal, in September - the Day of the Arrival of the Evens to Bystrinskaya land and the holiday of the Harvest.

Since 1989, the village has regularly held the folklore festival "Nurgenek", which attracts both villagers and guests. It includes a number of events: an exhibition and sale of souvenirs, a dance marathon, treats, a children's "marathon". Since 1999, Cherkanov Readings have been held in the village. The years 2001-2005 are characterized by the appearance of the national holiday "Dyulipki", the restoration of the New Year's celebrations and weddings.

Since 1990, the traditional Beringia dog sled races have been held in Bystrinsky Park, which were entered in the Guinness Book of Records in 1991 - the length of the Esso-Markovo (Chukotka) route was 1980 km. In recent years, the length of the route is 950 km along the route Esso - Tigil - Palana - Ossora. The day before the start, the Anavgai - Esso training race takes place, as well as a children's dog sled race.



The village is a transport hub through which Koryakia is supplied with food and manufactured goods: all-terrain vehicles - in summer, heavy vehicles - along the winter road. The helipad in the village of Anavgai serves reindeer herding units and is used by ambulance aviation, aviation security, for helicopter transit of commercial cargo and tourist groups.

A dirt road passes through the village of Anavgai, connecting the village of Esso with the Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky - Ust-Kamchatsk highway. The district center of Esso is 25 km away.

In 2014, a 200 km long winter road Anavgay - Palana was built.