Artyom, Russia


Artyom is a city in the Primorsky Territory. It is located in the valley of the Knevichanka River, 38 km northeast of the center of Vladivostok (the border between the cities runs along the bed of the Peschaniy stream, and the distance between them is, in fact, 0 km). The administrative center of the Artyomovsk urban district. It is part of the Vladivostok agglomeration.

Population - 105 675 people. (2020). It is named in honor of Fyodor Andreevich Sergeev, better known as "Comrade Artyom".

In the past - the largest center of the Far East for coal mining (the last mine was closed in 2000). Currently, the city is going through a new stage of industrial development associated with the opening of transport and logistics complexes and new industrial production facilities, such as vehicle assembly (FAW), production of building materials and household chemicals ("Vostok - Polikor"), woodworking, food production (sausages, dairy products, canned fish) and others. Farms are also actively developing in rural areas of the urban district. The absence of Nadezhdinskaya ASEZ sites in Artyom reduces its competitiveness.

It stands on the trade routes from Russia and northeastern China to the APR countries. It is one of the main transport hubs of the Primorsky Territory. Part of the Free Port of Vladivostok.

It has access to the Amur and Ussuri bays of the Sea of ​​Japan. The Primorskoye Koltso tourist and recreational cluster, the Primorye gambling zone and the Sinyaya Sopka ski center were created.



It was founded in 1924 as a working settlement with a brown coal deposit.

December 13, 1930: According to the decree of the Presidium of the Dalkrai Executive Committee, the working settlement Artyom was separated from the Shkotovsky District into the direct subordination of the Dalkrai Executive Committee.

On October 26, 1938, the village of Artyom was given the status of a city. (this date is considered the birthday of the city). Named after the Russian revolutionary Artyom (Sergeev, Fedor Andreevich) (1883-1921).

In 2004, the abolished urban-type settlements Uglovoe, Zavodskoy and Artyomovskii [6] were included in the urban boundaries of Artyom, which significantly increased the population of the city from 64 thousand to more than 100 thousand inhabitants.


Physical and geographical characteristics

Geographical position

The city is located in the northern part of the Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, 53 km north-east of Vladivostok, in an intermountain basin. The area of ​​the urban district is 506.4 km². Geographic latitude - 43 ° 21 ', longitude - 132 ° 11'. The average height above sea level is 40 meters.

The relief of the city is a vast intermontane basin surrounded by mid-mountains, with absolute heights of no more than 700 meters above sea level. There are three main levels: in the north and north-east - the watershed level of the low mountains, the heights in which fluctuate between the marks of 300-700 meters; in the southern regions - hilly-ridged foothills with relative heights of 100-200 meters; the main area is river terraces with a maximum height of 54 meters. About 5% of the territory of Artyom is occupied by the southwestern outskirts of the Shkotovsky basalt plateau, in places occupied by swamps.

From the north, the city is surrounded by the Przhevalsky ridge. From the south - the hills of the Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula. The highest heights within the city are noted for the Przewalski Mountains. The highest point is an unnamed height of 700 meters. In the intermontane basin, the heights do not exceed 30-40 meters, therefore, the Orlovskaya Sopka with a height of 54 meters stands out in the general relief.



The urban district has outlets to the Amur and Ussuri bays. The corner bay (the northeastern part of the Amur Bay) is distinguished by a low-lying coast, very gently dropping below sea level. Lagoons with sandy, clayey bottom and shallow depths are widespread here. The coast of the bay is heavily indented by the mouths of the small rivers Peschanka and Saperka; in the distance a narrow rocky and sandy-clay strip, cut off by rocks, stretches.

The shores of Muravyinaya Bay (the northern part of the Ussuri Bay) are typically Rias coasts (arising from the flooding of the coastal segments of river valleys), rich in bays and islands. A narrow (5-20 meters) rocky and sandy-pebble beach, interrupted by rocks, stretches along the seashore. In summer, the water temperature reaches + 22 °, in winter the bays are covered with ice.

Artyom has a dense river network. The rivers are flat, with a pronounced flood regime and rainwater supply. The largest river in the city is the Knevichanka (Batalyanza), a tributary of the Artyomovka (Maykhe). Its pool occupies over 80% of the territory of Artyom. The largest tributaries of the Knevichanka are Bolotnaya, Orlovka, Ivnyanka, Pushkaryovka, Zybunny Klyuch, Pushkarev Klyuch, Ozernye Klyuchi, Bezymyanny Klyuch, Soloveytsev Klyuch and others.

Among the lakes, the largest are: Orlovskoye with an area of ​​0.8 by 0.6 km and Krolevetskoye with an area of ​​1.5 by 1 km. They are distinguished by swampy shores and a doubling in volume after the passage of typhoons.



The climate of Artyom is moderate monsoon, with features of the continental. In winter, the territory of the city is subject to the influence of the Siberian anticyclone, which brings cold air from the continent. Due to this, the winter period is long, dry and frosty, with many clear days. During the cold period, only 13% of the total annual precipitation falls. The minimum monthly precipitation occurs in January-February. A stable snow cover forms at the end of the first decade of December and completely melts at the beginning of April. Snow lasts an average of 98 days. Temperatures in winter range from −10 ° С in December to −12 ° С in February.

In spring, the air temperature rises sharply, the wind increases. During this period, preparations are underway to change the winter monsoon to the summer monsoon, which is directed from the ocean to the mainland. The average daily temperature ranges from 0 ° C.

Cloudy weather prevails in early summer with frequent rains. Low temperatures are combined with high air humidity - 88-95%. From July to September, the weather is hot and sunny. In the summer period, the influence of Pacific typhoons increases on Artyom, their number in different years is not the same and ranges from two to eight. The warmest month of August has a maximum precipitation of 120 mm. Autumn in the city is dry and warm.