Primorsky Krai, Russia

Primorsky Krai or Primorye is located in the Far East. It borders in the north with the Khabarovsk Territory, in the south with the DPRK, in the west with China, and in the east it is washed by the Sea of Japan.



In the Primorsky Territory, 12 urban districts have been formed, which often have an impressive territory size, and 22 municipal districts:
Urban districts: Arsenyevsky, Artyomovsky, Bolshoi Kamen, Vladivostok, Dalnegorsky, Dalnerechensky, Lesozavodsky, Nakhodkinsky, Partizansky, Spassk-Dalniy, Ussuriysky, ZATO Fokino.
Municipal districts: Anuchinsky, Dalnerechensky, Kavalerovsky, Kirovsky, Krasnoarmeysky, Lazovsky, Mikhailovsky, Nadezhdinsky, Oktyabrsky, Olginsky, Partizansky, Pogranichny, Pozharsky, Spassky, Terneysky, Khankaysky, Khasansky, Khorolsky, Chernigovsky, Chuguevsky, Shkotovsky, Yakovlevsky

Tourist regions of Primorsky Krai are identified based on the predominance of certain types of landscapes, and, partly, according to transport accessibility, tourism infrastructure and tourism destinations. The natural boundaries of the three regions (Western, Central and Eastern Primorye) are the Sikhote-Alin mountain ranges, stretching in the meridional direction. In the south of the region, the latitudinal boundary is the Przhevalsky Mountains. The coastline of the Sea of Japan extends here to the west, forming a vast hall, indented by numerous bays. Peter the Great, on the banks of which is located the most favorable region in terms of climate and with a developed tourist infrastructure - Southern Primorye. In the north of the region there is no clear latitudinal boundary, therefore the concept of “Northern Primorye” is very vague, and it refers more to the social aspects of life of the population living in mountain-taiga territories remote from the regional center and on the eastern coast, that is, in the regions , equated to the “Far North”. Moreover, in the Olginsky district on the eastern coast of the region, there is the southernmost “Far North” of Russia, located at the latitude of Vladivostok.


Southern Primorye. The warm and mild climate of Southern Primorye is due to its protection from the movement of cold sea currents from the north. This region has a densely branched transport network, well-maintained beaches, the most expensive hotels, tourist centers and rental housing, restaurants and entertainment. Southern Primorye is rich in attractions - both natural and historical and cultural. It extends from the Khasansky district in the west to Triozerye Bay in the east, which, although located east of Povorotny metro station, belongs to the suburbs of Nakhodka. The main direction of tourism is beach holidays. However, mountain tourism is very popular among local residents in Southern Primorye. There are also ski slopes, albeit small ones.

Western Primorye is a region occupying flat territories in the west of Primorsky Krai - the Khanka lowland and the valley of the Ussuri River. To the west of Lake Khanka there are also mountainous areas - spurs of the East Manchurian Highlands. But in general, Western Primorye is vast plains and agricultural land. This is a land of forests, fields, meadows, swamps and lakes, the real pearl of which is the largest transboundary lake Khanka in the Far East. In Western Primorye there is a large balneological resort of Shmakovka in the village. Mountain Keys. Thanks to the mild climate and fertile soils, the region is the breadbasket of the Far East, where grain crops, vegetables, fruits, watermelons are grown, and is promising for agritourism.

Central Primorye is a region occupying the central, mountain-taiga part of the region. This is the most extensive tourist region of Primorye, stretching from the broad-leaved forests of the Anuchinsky region, entwined with actinidia lianas and grapes, to the mountain tundras, kurums and snowfields in the upper reaches of the Samarga River in the far north. This is a region of dense taiga, the highest peaks of Primorsky Krai, the Great Primorsky Rivers (by local standards, of course), a kind of “Siberia” of Primorsky Krai. Even the climate here is rather continental, Siberian - with summer heat and real winter cold. The main tourist destinations of Central or Mountain-taiga Primorye are ski resorts in the city of Arsenyev and in the village of Vostok; fishing and rafting along large taiga rivers, climbing the highest hills of Primorye.

Eastern Primorye. If Central Primorye is the “Siberia” of the Primorsky Territory, then Eastern Primorye can rightfully be called the “Far East”. After all, to get here from Vladivostok, you need to cross the entire region. It is not surprising that almost all intra-regional flights are carried out to airports in Eastern Primorye. The East Coast, as this region is also called, includes the steep and short eastern slope of the Sikhote-Alin (with the exception of the headwaters of the large and long Samarga River). This is a region of the purest mountain rivers, the highest waterfalls in the region, picturesque rocks and caves. There are also warm radon springs. Although the open sea coast here is colder and harsher than in Southern Primorye, beach holidays are almost as popular here.



Vladivostok is the administrative center and largest city of Primorsky Krai, equal in population to all other cities of Primorsky Krai combined. Vladivostok has the greatest concentration of high-budget tourism infrastructure in the region and interesting engineering, architectural, and historical sites worthy of a visit. Vladivostok is the “Babylon” of the Primorsky Territory, where land, sea and air roads converge. This is where most excursions around Primorye begin, pass through, and end here.

Nakhodka is a port city, the southernmost in the Far East, the “younger brother” of Vladivostok. It arose later than other large cities in the region, so it cannot boast of historical sites. But Nakhodka is surrounded by gorgeous nature - picturesque sea bays, deciduous forests and high ridges in the north. Thanks to them, in winter it is noticeably warmer here than in Vladivostok.

Ussuriysk is the largest city located on the flat territories of Primorye. Unlike other cities in the region, Ussuriysk has elements of medieval history, and artifacts from the Jurchen era have been preserved. The modern city arose with the beginning of mass settlement of the then Ussuri region. Here, as in Vladivostok, the architecture of the 19th – early 20th centuries is still preserved in some places. A calm, green, cozy city in its own way.

Artyom is a satellite city of Vladivostok. A city with a mining past, now it looks more like a remote residential area of Vladivostok. On the other hand, the area around Artyom is quite lively - close to Vladivostok International Airport, a gambling zone, the Primorskoye Koltso tourist complex, wide highways and road junctions.

Arsenyev is a city located in a wide intermountain valley in the central region of Primorye. Named in honor of V.K. Arsenyev, a famous writer and traveler in Primorye. City of aviators and aircraft designers. It is known to tourists thanks to the nearby ski slopes, the largest in the region.

Spassk-Dalniy is a small town on the Khanka Plain, surrounded by agricultural areas, the breadbasket of Primorye. The main enterprise is a cement plant. However, Spassk-Dalniy cannot be called a dirty city with a harsh industrial appearance. Rather, it is an agricultural town, where a large area is occupied by one-story buildings and vegetable gardens surrounding a small array of high-rise buildings.

Bolshoi Kamen is located on the shore of Bolshoi Kamen Bay, a convenient harbor for warships. The city is home to the largest shipyard in the Far East. Tourists visit mainly the sea coast outside the city limits.

Partizansk is a city with a glorious mining past. It is located in the valley of the Partizanskaya (Suchan) river, which is called the Golden Valley. It is famous for its special microclimate, favorable for gardening and viticulture. The surrounding area of Partizansk is rich in natural attractions. These are mountain peaks, caves, and rafting rivers, surrounded by lush vegetation of the southern taiga.

Lesozavodsk is a flat city, divided into two halves by the largest river in Primorye - the Ussuri. It is navigable to Lesozavodsk. The largest wood processing plant in the Far East was located in the city. Currently, the life of the city is connected with a large railway station on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The surroundings of Lesozavodsk are famous for their mineral water springs. On one of them, in the village. Mountain Keys, Shmakovka resort is located.

Dalnegorsk is the only city on the eastern slopes of Sikhote-Alin, in Eastern Primorye. The name indicates that Dalnegorsk is located in the mountains far from the regional center. Large enterprises of non-ferrous metallurgy and the mining and chemical industry still operate here. The uniqueness of Dalnegorsk is that it is tightly surrounded on all sides by high, steep hills covered with dense forest. The surrounding area is favorable for caving, mountain, ski and water tourism, although there is practically no tourist infrastructure here.

Dalnerechensk is the northernmost city of Primorye. The name indicates that the city is located on the banks of large rivers, far from the regional center. Dalnerechensk and Dalnegorsk are often confused due to the similarity of names, but they are completely different cities. Dalnerechensk is a border and transit city through which the main roads pass - the Trans-Siberian Railway, the Ussuri federal highway, the ESPO oil pipeline, high-voltage power lines, and the only navigable river of Primorye - the Ussuri.

Fokino is a small town on the highway connecting Vladivostok and Nakhodka, formerly the village of Pacific. City of military sailors. It is known to tourists for its surroundings, the path to which runs through the city - the picturesque bays of the hall. Peter the Great, the islands of Putyatin and Askold, Mount Krinichnaya.




Other destinations

Andreevka is a village located not far from the port village of Zarubino, on the shore of the bay. Trinity. The bay is one of the warmest water areas on the Pacific coast of Russia. The oldest summer holiday destination for the Far Easterners, where a large number of tourist centers are concentrated. The popularity of this place has both its pros and cons. However, while relaxing here, you can visit the nearest surroundings (Vityaz, Gamova Peninsula, Astafiev Bay), changing the format of your vacation to a more active one (hiking, swimming with fins and a mask, etc.) and in cleaner and less crowded places places.

Slavyanka is a port village, the administrative center of the Khasansky district. Actually, the village itself is not interesting to tourists, but the immediate surroundings in the summer become a place of attraction for many thousands of vacationers. First of all, this is Manchzhurka beach on the bay coast. Cormorant and Bruce Peninsula.

Russky Island is the largest island in Primorsky Krai. The island has historical, cultural and entertainment sites. And simply - this is the closest place for outdoor recreation to Vladivostok, where, in addition to traditional beach holidays, you can go SUP boarding, walks in the forest and fishing.

Yuzhno-Morskoy - known in Primorye as Livadia, a port village next to which there are long sandy beaches, some of the most crowded and popular in the Far Eastern region.

Triozerye is a quartz sand beach on the shores of the open sea. The Triozerye area includes several popular bays and beaches located in the same direction from Nakhodka - Shepalovo, Spokoynaya, Okunevaya and Triozerye itself. Stunning nature, incredibly clean and transparent water in the sea.

Lake Khanka is a popular destination for ecotourism and beach holidays. Very warm (but muddy) water, unusual “sea” landscapes and unique wildlife. On the way to the lake lies the village of Khorol. The largest village directly on the banks of the Khanka is Kamen-Rybolov.

Vostok is an oasis of winter tourism in the north of Primorye, deep in the taiga Sikhote-Alin.

Preobrazheniya is a village on the southeastern coast of Primorye, near which there are sandy beaches, uninhabited islands and the Lazovsky Nature Reserve.

Vladimir Bay is fenced off from the open sea by two peninsulas, as if by breakwaters. The sea water warms up quite well here. The former base of the Pacific Fleet, is currently a popular beach holiday area with good transport accessibility.

The Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve is the largest nature reserve in Primorye. It is located far in the northeast of the region, in the wilds of Sikhote-Alin, not far from the village of Terney. Ecological trails have been laid and observations of wild animals in their natural habitat are organized.

Amgu is a village located in the north-east of Primorye. The village itself is interesting only as a center of civilization among the endless mountain taiga, where you can replenish fuel and provisions. All attractions are scattered over a large territory of the Kema-Amga mountain cluster - mountain peaks, waterfalls, ice fields and hot springs.



The climatic conditions of the Primorsky Territory are determined by the distance from the coastline. There are two climatic regions - the coast and the inland regions, differing in their temperature, humidity, winds, and so on. In general, we can note sharp fluctuations in humidity - sunny winters with little snow, rainy, foggy summers and a long, truly golden autumn. And at the same time, Primorye is one of the sunniest regions in Russia, and the sunniest in winter. Unlike the European territory of Russia, which is covered in winter by cyclones from the Atlantic, the air in Primorye is dry and clear. In addition, due to the location of the Primorsky Territory at low latitudes, the sun rises high there and the daylight hours are relatively long. The Prikhankai Lowland experiences up to 340 sunny days a year. Sometimes in the summer cloudy, windless and stuffy weather sets in for a long time. Laundry hung outside takes days to dry; Even nylon backpacks and seat belts in cars become covered with mold. Scratches and cuts (especially among visitors) do not heal for a long time.

On the east coast, the edges of winter are snowier, a protracted, unstable spring and, in general, cool summers, due to the cold Primorsky Current flowing along the western coast of the Tatar Strait. The lowest winter temperatures and high snow cover are observed in the north of Sikhote-Alin. The hottest summer in Primorye is in the continental west of the region, daytime temperatures are over 30 degrees in the shade.

Due to low air humidity, intense solar radiation and wind, snow does not last long in Primorye. Freshly fallen snow in the middle of winter is blown away by the wind in a couple of weeks, evaporates and weathers, and a common sight in winter in southern Primorye is bare frozen ground. In the summer, the greatest amount of precipitation falls, which is typical for a large territory of the Far East, and in addition, in the summer-autumn period, typhoons wander from the Pacific Ocean into Primorye. A typhoon is a strong, continuous rainstorm accompanied by strong gusts of wind, which can flood a huge area within a day and break something along the way. They are most destructive in Japan, Korea and Eastern China, and in our country, Primorye suffers the most from typhoons. Typhoons are an annual and inevitable natural evil for Primorye residents.

The abundance of moisture in the summer greatly promotes the development and growth of all kinds of vegetation, garden crops, and weeds.

Due to high air humidity, especially in coastal areas, summer heat is difficult to bear, just as winter cold is significantly aggravated by winds. For people with respiratory tract diseases or prone to such, the coastal climate is directly contraindicated.



Everyone speaks Russian. Even visiting Chinese and citizens working here from the former southern republics of the USSR communicate with each other in broken Russian.

And if you hear Chinese words from Russians, these will be some local geographical names. Despite the fact that in 1972 all authentic place names that did not sound Russian were changed due to the events on the island of Damascus, many local residents continue to stubbornly call some rivers in the old manner. Most often this happens with the rivers Razdolnaya (Suifun), Partizanskaya (Suchan) and Bolshaya Ussurka (Iman) and many other old toponyms known to local residents of the Primorsky Territory.

As for some slang names of settlements, in addition to the common Vladik (Vladivostok), you can hear the following:

Arsa - Arsenyev
Partez - Partizansk
Dallas — Dalnegorsk
Lisbon — Lesozavodsk
Bigston - Literally: Big Stone as a reference to Bolshoi Kamen (Big stone in Russian)
Tihas (Texas) - Fokino (formerly Pacific Island)
Dubai - Danube village


How to get there

By plane
The only international airport in Primorye, Knevichi, is located 45 kilometers north of Vladivostok, near the city of Artyom.

By train
The Trans-Siberian Railway ends in the Primorsky Territory. Through the railway crossing Grodekovo (Pogranichny village) - Suifenhe, the traveler will enter the territory of China.

By car
The federal highway M60 “Ussuri” runs through the territory of the region, which connects Vladivostok, Ussuriysk and other settlements of Primorye with Khabarovsk, and then with the whole of Russia.

There are several passenger road crossings on the border with China:
Sosnovaya Pad: Borderline - Suifenhe
Poltavka: Poltavka - Dongning
Turii Rog: Turii Rog - Mishan
Dalzavodskaya: Kraskino - Hunchun



Travel between the main settlements of Primorye is possible by roads and railways. Sea traffic along the coast is currently not operational. Transport infrastructure is most developed in the south of Primorye.

Primorye has a fairly dense network of roads, consisting mainly of two lanes. The condition of the roads is satisfactory, and the most decent road in Primorye is the Ussuri highway. The landscape of the area and the profile of roads (especially local ones) in the mountainous regions of Primorye are very similar to the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus: endless descents and ascents and frequent sharp turns with sections of serpentine. Due to the mountainous terrain on most roads, the recommended (common sense, not signs) maximum speed is 70-90 km per hour, and often less. It’s just that these roads were built quite a long time ago and without a large volume of earthworks, while roads built over the last 20-30 years ago, laid through the mountains, already at the construction stage they try to straighten them in direction and differences in elevation, and usually there are no such squiggles and hooks. There are also a lot of primers in the region, with the canvas filled with crushed stone or rock, or without any coating at all (it’s good if the grader is used once every six months). In rainy weather, driving on such roads is difficult: if compared with the Caucasus, the hydrology in Primorye is completely different, there are many times more rivers, rivulets and streams, there can be huge puddles on the roads, and when the rivers flood, the road surface can flood.

From Vladivostok to the north, the only federal highway in the region, M60 “Ussuri”, runs, connecting the regional center with Khabarovsk, through the settlements of the region: Ussuriysk, Spassk-Dalniy, Dalnerechensk, Luchegorsk. This is the most decent road, passing along the edge, up to Mikhailovka (behind Ussuirisk) it has two or three lanes in each direction, markings, bumpers and other attributes of modern civilization (including numerous daily accidents). Unfortunately, then the route turns into an ordinary two-lane road with a very mediocre surface, which winds through villages and along hills. Reconstruction is underway in several places.

Possible means of transportation in addition to personal vehicles are buses and taxis. Almost all large cities of Primorye have bus stations; major transport hubs are Vladivostok, Nakhodka, and Ussuriysk. Bus departures are carried out during the daytime from 6.00 to 20.00-23.00 hours. Bus prices are affordable. Private owners offer trips by minibus.

The cheapest way to travel around the Primorsky Territory is by train. The disadvantage of this type of transport is its infrequent departure and travel time, which is usually longer than that of motor transport. In addition to regular trains, the departure center of which is the Vladivostok railway station, it is worth noting the Primorochka express, which connects Nakhodka and Vladivostok.

Since 2014, small aviation has been revived in the Primorsky Territory. As of 2022, three Canadian 19-seat DHC-6s are operating on intra-regional lines. Flights from Vladivostok are carried out to the following destinations:
Dalnerechensk - 2 flights per week (Fri, Wed)
Preobrazheniya - 5 flights per week (Tue, Thu, Fri, Sat, Sun)
Kavalerovo - 10 flights per week (Mon, Fri, Sun two flights per day)
Dalnegorsk - 10 flights per week (Mon, Fri, Sun two flights per day)
Dalnegorsk - Svetlaya 2 flights per week (Mon, Fri)
Plastun - 3 flights per week (Tue, Thu, Sat)
Terney - 7 flights per week (Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat, Sun)
Terney - Amgu - 1 flight per week (Tue)
Terney - Svetlaya - 2 flights per week (Thu, Sat)
Terney - Yedinka - 2 flights per week (Wed, Sun)

In addition, there is one interregional flight:
Kavalerovo - Khabarovsk - 3 flights per week (Mon, Tue, Thu)

The schedule is valid for the summer period (May 1 - September 30), during the rest of the period the number of flights is reduced. Since 2023, the number of intra-regional flights has been reduced by 3 times and the Kavalerovo - Khabarovsk flight has been cancelled.

By sea
From Vladivostok the ferry runs to the island. Popova and O. Reinecke. From the village of Danube (ZATO Fokino) to the island. Putyatina. Other islands, including uninhabited ones, can be reached by sea taxi.


Things to do

First of all, Primorye is visited by tourists from Eastern Siberia and the Far East for the purpose of a beach holiday - all other Far Eastern regions in the Russian Federation are not very suitable for a beach holiday due to fairly cool water even in July-August (although they still swim in Magadan and on Kamchatka...). Southern Primorye has a tourist infrastructure: numerous holiday homes, boarding houses, campsites, and equipped beaches. That is, you can relax in a completely civilized manner, or you can relax as “savages”, as you like. The only significant problem with your vacation may be the weather, which is poorly predictable and can suddenly deteriorate, and your entire vacation will be overshadowed by daily clouds and prolonged rains. Also keep in mind that vacationing in Primorye is noticeably more expensive in terms of money than in Crimea, and this despite a worse level of service.

If you are not very strapped for money, then try local seafood as much as possible, you will not regret it - nowhere else in our country there is such a variety of delicacies!

You can also visit:
Primorsky United Museum named after V.K. Arsenyev.
Primorsky Academic Regional Drama Theater named after M. Gorky.
Submarine S-56, Korabelnaya embankment. ☎ +7 (423) 221-67-57. 10:00–20:00. 100 rubles (2013).
Museum "Vladivostok Fortress" (Military Historical Fortification Museum), st. Battery, 4a. ☎ +7 (423) 240-08-96. 10:00–18:00, in winter 10:00–17:00. 100 rub. The exhibition is located in the casemates of the Nameless Battery and in the open air. Huge collection of weapons.


Holidays and festivals

Primorskie strings (Vladivostok). Bard Song Festival. It is held in early September in the suburbs of Vladivostok, in the bay. Three Little Pigs (near Shamora).
dragon boat racing (Vladivostok).
Tiger Day (Vladivostok). A holiday celebrated in the capital of Primorye on the last weekend of September
Slavic coast (Slavyanka). Art song festival. Held in the summer, on the shore of the Khasansky district near the village of Slavyanka
Khanka Dawns (Stone-Fisherman). Rural Culture Festival. It is held in the summer on the shore of the largest Far Eastern lake. Khanka
Strawberry Festival (Spassk-Dalniy). Held at the end of June in Spassk-Dalny, when strawberries are ripe
Honey Fest (Anuchino). Festival of honey and beekeeping products, competitions, concerts, entertainment and educational program



In all cities of the Primorsky Territory you can taste Chinese, Korean and Japanese cuisine, and in Vladivostok there is a large selection and variety of them. In addition, road travelers can eat at roadside cafes, which are found not only on the Ussuri federal highway, but also on secondary regional roads.

The food and dishes for which Primorye is known - so to speak, “national coastal cuisine” - are primarily seafood, as well as taiga wild plants and fruits grown in Primorye.

The most delicious and popular seaside seafood is scallop. Unlike Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, where the natural scallop population is still large, in Primorye, mariculture farms where it is grown are becoming increasingly important. Also popular is crab, which is caught both in the Sea of Japan and brought from the waters of the Bering and Okhotsk Seas. Shrimp and mole crickets (larger shrimp) are in great demand. As for sea cucumber, it is carefully protected, so dishes made from it cannot be called widespread and popular. The more common cucumber is a bit reminiscent of sea cucumber. Cephalopods (octopus, squid) are served in restaurants, sold in stores and markets, and caught by amateur fishermen. Other sea delicacies, namely: bivalve mollusks - mussel and spizula, gastropods (sea snails, whelk), echinoderms (sea urchins) - can be ordered in a restaurant, or obtained and prepared yourself. It should be noted that they taste (and especially look) very specific to visitors, so they are popular mainly among local residents, who have been accustomed to them since childhood. In shops and fish markets you can stock up on dried squid tentacles, dried crab meat, octopus, and dried flounder. Outside the Far East, you are unlikely to buy these products fresher and of higher quality than here.

Also, dishes made from kelp - seaweed - are popular in seaside cuisine. In addition to salads, soups are also prepared from it. Local residents prepare seaweed well, especially from the eastern and northeastern coasts of Primorye, where they harvest it in large quantities.

Among taiga wild plants, dishes made from ferns (bracken, osmund) are known and popular, which in Primorye are prepared in large quantities and can be cooked deliciously. Also, in spring and early summer, you can try dishes from all kinds of greens - wild onions, wild garlic, hatched buds and young leaves of Eleutherococcus, etc. In summer and autumn you can try mushrooms, of which ilmaki are considered the most delicious and delicious. Dishes made from them taste like fried or stewed meat.

Berries that are prepared for future use and from which jams are made are sea rose, honeysuckle, strawberries, lingonberries and blueberries, barberries, and viburnum. In addition, berries growing on vines are popular in Primorye - lemongrass, wild grapes, actinidia. From the latter, kiwi was bred by breeders. Its wild counterpart, actinidia (or locally called kish-mouse), is smaller but more aromatic. The remaining berries are grown in large quantities in garden plots. There are no blueberries and cloudberries in the taiga of Primorye; raspberries and cranberries are found in small quantities.

In Primorye stores you can buy shelled Far Eastern pine nuts, which differ from Siberian ones in their larger size. Manchurian walnut and hazel are almost never found in markets; they can only be obtained independently. The same can be said about maple sap, which is harvested only by local residents.

Real local taiga tea is brewed from dried linden blossom, dried rose hips, barberry, chaga and the obligatory addition of a piece of lemongrass vine. Strong drinks are also prepared with the addition of taiga wild plants, including ginseng, and also based on antlers. All kinds of tinctures and balms are a must-have item for tourists from China.

Primorye, along with the North Caucasus and Bashkiria, is a recognized beekeeping region in Russia. Thanks to the huge number of honey plants, among which there are medicinal plants, honey has good adaptogenic properties. In central and southern Primorye there are forests dominated by linden, which attracts bees more than any other tree. The result is honey of good purity, which is known in Russia as “Far Eastern linden honey.”

Despite the cold winter and thanks to the hot, long summer, a large number of watermelons are grown in Primorye, for which the region of the Prikhankai Lowland and the “Golden Valley” in the Partizansky district are famous. In addition, plums, pears, apricots and grapes grow well in Primorye.

In conclusion, it is impossible not to mention the products of JSC Primorsky Confectioner, the largest manufacturer of confectionery products in the Far East. It was at this enterprise that in 1967 the production of “Bird's Milk” sweets, now called “Primorskie”, began. The company's products are readily purchased by tourists.


Precautionary measures

For out-of-town tourists vacationing in the summer, it is necessary to firmly understand that Primorye is a southern region. Even in cool, cloudy weather or fog, you can easily get a severe sunburn here. The locals know this well, but they also get caught from time to time. In the summer, when planning trips around the region, it would be a good idea to check the weather forecast and not ignore storm warnings. After typhoons, due to washed-out bridges and washed out roads, movement can be difficult for some time.

Primorye has one of the highest levels of biological hazard in the country.



There are just a LOT of different insects in Primorye. An ordinary cross spider, weaving webs between trees and in the corners of rural outhouses - it is simply huge, much larger than its more western counterparts. Many people find the abundance of spiders unpleasant; in addition, the bite of a spider is similar in effect to the sting of a good bee.

Far Eastern longhorned beetle (snow beetle). Such a healthy flying biological structure with a huge mustache. They have periods of being annoying. If this thing lands on your shoulder, just carefully remove it by the long whisker. This beetle is safe for humans, despite its terrifying appearance.

The taiga tick is already serious, since when it bites it can infect encephalitis. The period of tick activity is very long - from April to October, reaching its peak in the second half of May - late June. In years favorable for ticks, there are so many of them that you don’t want to go into the forest again - in five minutes these creatures will already be crawling all over you and looking for something to bite into. Tuck your jacket tightly into your pants: the favorite places for a tick bite on a person are the stomach, groin and armpits (but other places are not excluded). After leaving the forest, take off all your clothes and carefully inspect your entire body, preferably in pairs. If you do not know how to pull out an embedded tick, then it is better to go to the hospital, otherwise you may end up with a painful, inflamed wound that does not heal for a long time. It is necessary to be vaccinated against encephalitis in February.

In addition, in the lake-swamp and taiga regions of the region, from June to September, a variety of midges are very active - gadflies, cutworms, mosquitoes, and white-legged moths. But the most unpleasant of them is the biting midge. In hot and stuffy weather, these tiny insects, like a cloud of dust, cover a hot person, penetrating everywhere. Neither mosquito nets, nor mosquito nets, nor encephalitis can save you. The midge gets stuck behind the sleeves, gets into the boots, and spreads a thick layer over the soup or tea. To travel to the taiga in summer, tourists need to stock up on repellents, covered clothing and patience. After a few days, some adaptation occurs. In addition, the midge is most aggressive towards a person who is heated by walking. In the parking lot, you need to wash your face with cold water, calm down, and throw some raw grass into the fire. Also, wasps and hornets are very dangerous. In Primorye there is an East Asian hornet, the largest in the world, whose bite is dangerous even for a person who is not allergic to bee and wasp venom. Therefore, when a hornet appears near you, behave calmly and do not brush it off. Do not stop near wasp nests, although it can be very difficult to spot a wasp nest in the dense wilds and get around it.



There are a lot of snakes in the Primorsky Territory, and several species of them are particularly dangerous. The Sakhalin viper is considered the most dangerous - a small, inconspicuous snake, the bite of which is very painful and requires immediate hospitalization, although this snake is not at all aggressive and tries to escape from danger to the last. In the Primorsky Territory there are many vipers in the north of the region, on the border with the Sovetsko-Gavansky district of the Khabarovsk Territory (where coniferous taiga predominates). But almost everywhere in Primorye there are various species of copperheads - the closest relatives of the American rattlesnake: they, too, shake their tail when angry, but they do not have a rattle. Although their bite is not fatal, it is still better to go to the hospital. The cottonmouth is a fairly large snake and not particularly shy. There is also a very beautiful tiger snake that lives in Primorye - a healthy snake that has poisonous glands on the back of its head: if you try to grab it, you can get a severe burn. One of the largest snakes in Russia, the Amur snake, up to 2 meters long, is also found in Primorye.

You may not be an expert on snakes, but you need to know basic precautions. Swamp boots are a panacea only in the taiga, and on the coast people rest in shale shoes or barefoot, so you can avoid danger only by knowing the habits of snakes and the places where you are most likely to encounter them. Such places include thickets of bushes on the border of the beach, edges of kurums (rocky screes), edges of highways, or taiga dirt roads themselves, wooden bridges on them, windfalls and rotten areas. All snakes are excellent swimmers and can easily cross not only mountain rivers, but also small sea bays. Increased aggressiveness in snakes at the beginning of summer, during the mating period.


Marine life

The underwater world of the Sea of Japan is also rich and diverse, and at the same time dangerous. Sharks are the most talked about. And although meeting them is extremely unlikely, many tourists experience psychological discomfort. The most visible danger comes from completely different animals. For example, from poisonous puffer fish, the consumption of which causes severe poisoning that can be fatal. Less dangerous, but also unpleasant, are the stings of the cross jellyfish and the pricks of sea urchins. In the first case, you should avoid too warm water and algae thickets in it. In the second there are rocky shallows, on which it is better not to walk barefoot.

The taiga in Primorye is extremely rich and diverse in its flora and fauna. At the same time, there are also dangerous species of plants and animals. Among the plants, we can mention thorny bushes (various types of rose hips, eleutherococcus, aralia), poisonous mushrooms and berries, nettles, and hogweed. Of the predatory animals, the most dangerous is meeting with the small, beautiful white-breasted Himalayan bear, which can be very aggressive just like that. The brown bear is less dangerous, then the wild boar, and the least dangerous is the Amur tiger.


Physiographic characteristics


Located in the south of the Far East, in the southeastern part of Russia. In the north it borders on the Khabarovsk Territory, in the west on China, in the southwest on the DPRK, and on the south and east it is washed by the Sea of Japan. Large bay - Peter the Great. The shores of the bay are strongly indented and form internal bays: Amursky, Ussuriysky, Posieta, Strelok, Vostok, Nakhodka.

The maximum length of the region (from the mouth of the Tumannaya River to the sources of the Samarga River) is about 900 km. The greatest width (from the Ussuri River valley to the coast of the Sea of Japan) is about 280 km.

The total length of the borders of the region is 3000 km, of which about 1500 km are sea. The territory is approximately comparable to Suriname and Tunisia.


Extreme points

The northernmost point of the region is located at the source of the Dagda River (a tributary of the Samarga) - 48°28’ N. w.
South - at the mouth of the Tumannaya River (Tumangan, Tumenjiang) on the border with the DPRK - 42°18’ N. w.
Western - near the source of the Novgorodovka River - 130°24’ E. d.
Eastern – Cape Zolotoy – 139°02’E. d.

The distance between the extreme points is:
Northern and southern along the meridian - 900 km.
Western and eastern along the equidistant parallel - 430 km.

The central and eastern parts of the region are occupied by the Sikhote-Alin mountains, in the west - the Ussuri and Prikhankai lowlands. Spurs of the Manchurian-Korean Mountains stretch along the southern border with China. The highest peak of the region is Mount Anik with a height of 1933 meters, located in the northeast of the region on the border with the Khabarovsk Territory.

Large islands: Russky, Putyatina, Askold, Popova, Ricorda, Reineke, Bolshoi Pelis.

In the southwest there is a large lake, Khanka, along which the border with the People's Republic of China passes. The largest river in the region is the Ussuri, the sources of the Ussuri River are located on the slopes of Mount Snezhnaya, northeast of Mount Cloudnaya.



Primorsky Krai is located in the MSC+7 time zone. The applied time offset relative to UTC is +10:00.



Primorsky Krai is located in the monsoon Far Eastern region of the temperate climate zone. It corresponds to a moderate monsoon climate. Winter is dry and cold, with clear weather; thaws often occur on the coast. Spring is long, with frequent temperature fluctuations. Summers are warm and humid, with the summer months accounting for the maximum amount of precipitation, in some areas up to 90% of the annual amount. Typhoons occur, sometimes causing enormous damage to infrastructure and agriculture. Autumn is warm, sunny and dry. In summer, southeast winds blowing from the Pacific Ocean (East Asian monsoon) predominate, and in winter, northwest winds bring cold but clear weather from continental regions.

Warmest January: Preobrazheniya (average −7.1 °C), Nakhodka (min. −25.9 °C)
The coldest January: Glubinnoe (average about −22.4 °C), Melnichnoe (min. −48.8 °C)
Warmest July: Kirovsky and Lesozavodsk (average about 21.8 °C), Pogranichny and Kavalerovo (max. 41 °C)
The coldest August is Cape Zolotoy on the border with the Khabarovsk Territory (average 17.0 °C)
The windiest place is Vladivostok (6.0 m/s)
The rainiest place is Glubinnoye (915 mm)
The driest place is Astrakhan (581 mm)
The coldest water in August is Mayak Belkin (average 13.7 °C; max. 21 °C)
The warmest water in August: Posyet and Sadgorod in Vladivostok (average 23.6 °C), the maximum temperature of 30.4 °C was recorded in July off the coast of Posyet.

In the Primorsky Territory, four districts are equated to the regions of the Far North: Dalnegorsky, Kavalerovsky, Olginsky and Terneysky, as well as the urban-type settlement of Vostok in the Krasnoarmeysky district, the villages of Boguslavets, Vostretsovo, Dalniy Kut, Izmailikha, Melnichnoye, Roshchino, Tayozhnoe and Molodezhnoye in the Krasnoarmeysky district. The inclusion of the first three districts and the village of Terney in the list is due to economic (underdeveloped infrastructure) and not climatic conditions.


Plant world

In the Primorsky Territory, 2200-2500 species of vascular plants grow, including about 250 species of trees, shrubs and woody vines, more than a third of Russian ferns, thousands of algae and fungi, hundreds of mosses and 600 species of lichens. The region belongs to the East Asian floristic region.

Forests cover 79% of the region's territory. The mountains are dominated by spruce-fir, cedar-spruce and cedar-broad-leaved forests, which in the south-west of Primorye transform into richer and more heat-loving black fir-broad-leaved forests. Broad-leaved forests of ash, elm and Manchurian walnut grow in the river valleys.

In the highlands, vegetation types close to those of Kamchatka predominate: stone birch forests, thickets of dwarf cedar and mountain tundras covered with golden and small-leaved rhododendrons. On steep southern slopes, mountain ridges and rocky soils, drought-tolerant communities are found: southern pine forests, native oak forests, wild forests of Manchurian and Siberian apricots. Willow, alder, and forests of various poplars and choicenia stretch along the river beds.

Due to logging and burning, the following areas have become widespread: the East Siberian taiga of Daurian larch, white birch and aspen groves, linden-maple and especially oak forests. As a result of repeated fires, some of the oak forests turned into wet forest-steppes. In place of cleared valley forests and abandoned agricultural lands, meadows developed, interspersed with willow woodlands, birch forests and swamps.

After 1991, illegal logging of valuable tree species caused serious damage to forests in the Russian Far East; in 2014, exports to China amounted to 83% of the total volume of timber exports.


Animal world

There are about 103 species of mammals in Primorye, including 82 terrestrial; 483 species of birds; 18 - reptiles, including sea snakes and turtles; 9 - amphibians; 377 - freshwater and marine fish; over 22 thousand insects, including the largest beetles, day butterflies and wasps in Russia. Among them there are many endemic and Red Book species.

Coniferous-deciduous forests are characterized by a mixture of taiga and Manchurian fauna. For forest-steppes and other open landscapes - a combination of Manchurian and Dauro-Mongolian species.

In addition, there are a number of introduced and alien species, for example: Canadian beaver, American mink, muskrat, brown hare, termites, heteropod venatorium spider.

Among the fish that live in Primorye there are many commercial fish: kaluga, Amur sturgeon, Pacific herring, iwasi sardine, Japanese anchovy, taimen, chum salmon, pink salmon, smelt, carp, silver carp, grass carp, silverfish, yellow-cheeked salmon, Amur catfish, Pacific cod, Far Eastern navaga , pollock, burbot, aukha, pike perch, sabrefish, tuna, Japanese mackerel, snakehead, halibut, yellowfin flounder, saury, mullet, sawfish, red sea bass, southern greenling, monkfish, etc. They live in the shallow waters of the continental shelf crayfish, crabs, shrimp, squid, sea cucumbers, sea urchins, oysters and scallops. Not only beneficial animals swim into the coastal waters, but also 8 species of stingrays and 12 species of sharks, some of which are dangerous to humans.

Poaching (in combination with the destruction of forests during logging) makes a serious contribution to the reduction in the number of rare animal species; poachers hunting the Amur tiger and Far Eastern leopard are detained; The main destination for the smuggling of parts and derivatives (bile, etc.) of bears is the PRC, as well as the Asia-Pacific countries.



The territories of the Primorsky Territory at different times were part of such states as Bohai, the Jin Empire, the Russian Empire, and the Far Eastern Republic.

After the Mongol invasions at the beginning of the 13th century, the existing Jurchen states fell, which led to the depopulation of the territory, which was forgotten until the arrival of Russian pioneers.

Since the 19th century, Russia's active development of the Far Eastern territories began, which led to the emergence of the Primorsky region, and then to the creation of the Primorsky Territory, which was formed on October 20, 1938 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. On May 31, 1939, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved the creation of the region.

On September 15, 1948, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR decided to “transfer the city of Sovetskaya Gavan along with the suburban area from the Primorsky Territory to the Khabarovsk Territory.”