Bologoye, Russia

Bologoye is a railway town in the north of the Tver region, widely known for its location in the middle of the railway line between Moscow and St. Petersburg. For most people, the knowledge of this fact, or at most a walk along the platform, is limited to getting to know the city. It's really hard to call Bologoe a tourist center and a separate trip there hardly makes sense, but if you find yourself somewhere nearby, it's worth taking a walk around the city for several hours.

A village called Bologoe (locals and the city administration do not decline the name) on the shore of the lake of the same name on the eastern spurs of the Valdai upland was first mentioned in Novgorod scribal books in 1495. It is from this time that the official countdown of the city's history is now underway.

For a long time, Bologoye was a completely ordinary village, but everything changed in the late 1840s, when, during the construction of the Nikolaev railway from St. Petersburg to Moscow, it was decided to place one of the five Class I stations in Bologoye. The construction of a grandiose complex of buildings associated with it, as well as the road itself, gave a powerful impetus to the development of this place, and in the late XIX — early XX century with the construction of lines to Rybinsk, Pskov and Polotsk, Bologoye also became a major railway hub with a population of several thousand people. Despite this, Bologoye received the status of a city only in 1917 from the Provisional Government. In 1935, the city was transferred from Leningrad to Tver (then Kalinin) region, where it is now located.

During the Great Patriotic War, the station and the city were seriously damaged by air raids. After the war and to this day, Bologoye continues to be an important railway hub.

The city center is located on a narrow isthmus between the lake and the railway. This isthmus is completely penetrated by the main street, which bears the name of Kirov to the west of the central square, and Dzerzhinsky to the east. On it you can find late Soviet houses (up to five floors high), Stalinist buildings, wooden barracks and even several pre-revolutionary mansions. Outside of this street, the private sector is predominantly widespread.




The complex of the Bologoye-Moskovskoye station. The first class railway station was built in Bologoye in 1851. At first, there was a long-term parking of the train with a change of locomotive, and passengers could have lunch at the station restaurant at that time. You can still eat now, although it is difficult to call the station eatery a restaurant. The appearance of the building and its interior have also changed for the worse, the station was built up to three floors and repeatedly reconstructed (the last time in the XXI century), but its characteristic oval shape with canopies over the platform has been well preserved — there are very few such buildings left on the Moscow—Petersburg line. Inside, it is worth seeing the ceiling paintings on railway themes. On the platform south of the station (i.e. towards Moscow) there is a steam locomotive-a monument erected in honor of the courage and heroism of railway workers in the Great Patriotic War. If you have time, you should go out into the city and walk along the railway, where among the chaotic buildings you can still guess the houses of employees, repair shops and other surroundings of the old railway station, as well as another steam locomotive monument.
1  The water tower (1910), Dzerzhinsky St., near house 3. The essentially functional structure is decorated not without grace in the spirit of the Art Nouveau style that prevailed at that time.
2 Monument to those who died during the Great Patriotic War, Dzerzhinsky St., between houses 8 and 10. The war left a deep mark in Bologoye, so there are several military memorials in the city. This one is picturesquely located on the shore of the lake, complemented by an eternal flame and a BMP standing on the sidelines. A recreation area with benches and a landscaped embankment area is organized nearby.
3 Artemyev's House, Kirova str., 8. The most interesting pre-revolutionary mansion in the city attracts attention with exquisite decorations of window openings and stucco molding infrequent in county towns. Several other buildings at the beginning of Kirov Street, including the Museum of Local Lore, are made in a similar style. Also, do not miss the corner house 1 on Kirova Street — a sudden monument of the 1930s at the junction of constructivism and Stalinism.
4  Monument to the 500th anniversary of the city, Kirova St., opposite d. 16. The symbolic monument with the image of epic heroes and an excerpt from Novgorod scribal books reminds of the ancient origin of the city.
5  Memorial chapel, Embankment street. On February 20, 1911, a fire broke out in the Vologda cinema, the victims of which were 64 people, most of them children. In 1912, a chapel-rotunda in the neo-Byzantine style was built in memory of the dead at the expense of local residents.
6 Church of the Life—Giving Trinity, Kirova str., 52. A rare monument for Bologoe of the pre-railroad era is a temple in the classical style, erected in 1808. There are good murals inside.



7 Fan depot. The pre—revolutionary fan depot (1905) is part of a complex of railway buildings located a couple of kilometers east of the station: at one time trains even stopped here (the stop was called "Fan Depot"), but with the advent of "Peregrine Falcons" this stop was canceled. The depot is located between two "threads" of railway tracks and is not intended for outsiders: you can approach the building via a pedestrian crosswalk in the area of Veernaya Street, however, immediately after the crossing begins a guarded (although not fenced) area. The depot building has not escaped later alterations and is in a rather pathetic condition, and therefore it will be interesting only to enthusiastic railway enthusiasts.
8 Rashevsky's cottage, Krasnaya Gorka str. (by bus to the terminal "CRH"). Engineer Pyotr Rashevsky supervised the construction of the Moscow District Railway (now MCC), and had a cottage in Bologoye. It was built according to his own design and has been preserved in the form of two buildings — a stone mansion and a wooden wing. The railway character of the buildings is visible to the naked eye: the mansion looks more like a train station, and the wing is an apartment building for station employees. The cottage stands in a beautiful pine forest, now the hospital buildings are located around it, but this does not interfere with the external examination at all; The mansion was damaged by fire in 2018 and has since been abandoned.
9 Bologoe-Polotsk Station (Bologoe II)  , Linear street (by bus to the terminal "Bologoe-2"). The Bologoye-Polotsk Railway has its own station in the city, built up in a style that is uniform for the entire line — a kind of Art Nouveau with elements of Russian architecture and Gothic. From the train window, the stone station first of all attracts attention — such stations were built only at the most important stations of the line, and even worse wooden towers have been preserved. From the "ground" it makes sense to inspect the station village, the largest on the line, although gradually losing its integrity.

Museum of Local Lore, Kirova str., 4. Mon–Fri 8:30 – 17:00. There are three halls of the local history exposition and a fourth for temporary exhibitions. Of interest is the layout of the Church of the Intercession, which was blown up in 1932, once the main temple of the city.


Further out

It is convenient to combine a trip to Bologoye with a visit to Vyshny Volochok, one of the most unusual cities in Central Russia, which appears in (infrequent) tourist routes under the slogan "Russian Venice". "Sapsany" and other trains running along the Nikolaev highway will take you to Moscow, St. Petersburg and Tver, and another railway, Bologoe-Polotsk, will take you through the picturesque wilderness to Ostashkov, standing on the shore of Seliger. For other trips within a radius of 100 km, you can not do without a car, the quiet provincial Valdai is interesting here, as well as the gloomy, but not devoid of attractions, Borovichi, which is accompanied by beautiful rapids on the Msta River and old merchant villages.

1 Springs in Mshentsy, 37 km from Bologoe towards Borovichi, there is no exit from the M11 highway. Mineral springs gushing from a karst sinkhole, revered, as it is claimed, since pre-Christian times and sung by Nicholas Roerich. There are separate places for swimming and collecting water. The village of Mshentsy is located almost at the M11 highway, but there is an exit.
2  The manor is closed, 40 km from Bologoye towards the town of Borovichi. The now abandoned romantic-looking manor of the architect and stud breeder A.S. Khrenov. Pay attention to the preserved details of both the old manor house and the Soviet holiday home
3 Timkovo Manor (22 km northwest of the city). Another abandoned eclectic manor house — this time with a claim to neo-Gothic; the elongated main house looks more like a church than a fantasy castle.
4 Kuzhenkino station, in the village of the same name. The railway theme can be continued in the vicinity of the city — there is an almost preserved complex of the ordinary station of the Bologoe-Polotsk railway of the beginning of the XX century. The traditional terem station for these stations has practically not lost all its numerous decorations here, and the modern water tower, lined with wild stone for part of the height, is not inferior to it. The track barracks, baggage shed and other auxiliary facilities of the station have been preserved.
How to get there: There are two settlements with the name Kuzhenkino: a village on the M10 highway and an urban-type settlement a few kilometers away from it, the station is located in the village. You can get here from Bologoye by commuter buses. If you are traveling to Ostashkov by steam locomotive, you will be given a half—hour tour of the station, and you can not leave other passing trains for a brief inspection - the station buildings can be seen well from the window.


How to get here

By train
Trains following the Moscow—St. Petersburg route, although they stop at the Bologoe station, are of little use for getting into the city, since they arrive there late at night. At a convenient time, only expensive high-speed Peregrine Falcons arrive in Bologoye (2 hours each from Moscow and St. Petersburg) and some additionally designated trains. From St. Petersburg, it is convenient to use the "Swallow" (3 hours), which allows you to visit Bologoe in one day. Trains from Moscow or St. Petersburg to the regions can also be useful — they run to Bologoye during the daytime. In addition, from some Russian cities, such as Yaroslavl or Nizhny Novgorod, it is exactly one night on the way to Bologoye.

Commuter service: 4 times a day to Tver (via Vyshny Volochok), where you can take the train to Moscow. With varying intensity, on average once or twice a day, trains run towards Udomli-Bezhetsk-Sonkovo, Okulovka and Ostashkov-Toropets-Velikiye Luki. In the latter case, instead of the usual suburban train, a retro train with a steam locomotive runs to Ostashkov once or twice a week (for more information, see Ostashkov#By train). Commuter traffic has practically disappeared in the Pskov direction: you can get to neighboring Valdai by the distant St. Petersburg Swallow, and commuter trains do not run every day.

1 Station Bologoye-Moskovskoye.  4:00 – 3:00. The typical Oktyabrskaya railway station built in 1851 (as a landmark it is described below) stands out for its unfashionable island location at the present time. There are two ways to get out of it into the city — by underground and aboveground crossings with exits on both sides of the railway. The building itself has ticket offices, rather large waiting rooms, storage cells (100₽/hour, 800₽/day), an acceptable round-the-clock buffet and a multimedia stand where videos about Bologoye are played. The entrances to the station building operate according to a rather non-standard schedule, which is associated with the arrival of Peregrine Falcons, when the corresponding platform is closed from outsiders. If you are leaving on a Peregrine Falcon, you need to keep in mind that passengers are checked for safety before entering the platform, and formally this procedure ends 15 minutes before the departure of the train. In reality, you can come later, but not quite right next to the departure.

By bus
In a city like Bologoye, the railway cannot but dominate over buses, so the bus station serves only suburban routes around the area, a couple of commercial flights a day to Tver via Vyshny Volochek and Torzhok and the only bus to Valdai. You can also take a commuter bus to the villages of Kuzhenkino and Vypolzovo on the M10 and try to catch long-distance buses running along the highway there.

2 Bologoe bus station, Vokzalny lane 3 (at the underpass across the tracks from the center). ☎ Auto Express: +7 (910) 646-84-36. 5:00 – 21:00. A small building with an archaic interior located in the parking lot (there are benches). Private Autoexpress routes depart from the same square, but on the other hand, their ticket office is located there.

By car
Follow the M10 highway to Kuzhenkino (331 km from Moscow and 366 km from St. Petersburg), then turn right (when driving from Moscow). The highway is 13 km away. After passing Bologoye, this road winds around the railway and eventually takes you to the highway in Borovichi. There is also an exit to the city from the M11 toll road.


Local transport

Urban transport is represented by several bus routes, which operate grooves and cavities. The timetable is usually posted at the stops. Fare: 31 rubles (2022).



There are many small shops in the area of the railway station, on Dzerzhinsky Street and at the beginning of Kirov Street. There is also an active hand-trading going on here. There is no shortage of supermarkets in the city center.



1 Dining room of the recreation center for locomotive crews, 3 Dzerzhinsky St. (near the water tower). Around the clock. Hot: less than 100 rubles. A cult institution that became widely known in those days when people still went to St. Petersburg not on "Peregrine Falcons", but "on dogs". A small unsophisticated dining room with very attentive staff, from whom you will learn that if not the curb into the curb, then at least buckwheat into buckwheat in Bologoe definitely goes. A rare catering establishment that operates on weekends.
2 Cafeteria, Kirova street, 4. 8:00 – 20:00, Break: 14:00 – 15:30. A kind of urban canteen is somewhat less attractive than the railway workers' canteen mentioned above.
3  Cafe "Karavan", Vokzalny lane.. 10:00 – 24:00, Fri and Sat: until 2:00. A detached pavilion-shed, the atmosphere of a provincial cafe.
4  Cafe Slavyanka, Kirova str., 16. Judging by the reviews, it is inexpensive and not very tasty, but still it is a serviced cafe, not a dining room. Wi-Fi.
5 Restaurant "White Nights", Dzerzhinsky St., 28. ☎ +7 (48238) 2-31-13. 11:00 – 23:00. There is also an opportunity to eat in the Bologom and not in the dining room or fast food. The service is long, the reviews are mixed, but by the standards of large cities it is inexpensive.


Where to stay

1  Hotel "Bologoe", Kirova street, 22. ☎ +7 (48238) 2-23-77. Double room: from 3000 rubles. Steadily collects negative reviews due to the high prices for rooms that have not seen renovation for thirty years.


Physical and geographical description

The city is located on the shores of Lake Bologoye on the northeastern spurs of the Valdai Upland, turning into the Vyshnevolotskaya lowland. The absolute heights in the city area are 150-200 m. The relief is slightly hilly. There is another lake in the northern part of the city - Ogryzkovo.

The area of ​​the city is included in the forest zone, but few forests have survived; they occupy only 10-15% of the area. Mixed forests with a predominance of conifers.

Soils are sod-podzolic loamy and sandy loam, developed on the moraine. In the depressions near the lakes, the soils are peaty-gley. Groundwater occurs at a depth of 10-15 m.


City climate

The climate in Bologoye is moderately continental. The city has relatively warm summers and relatively cold winters. According to observation data for the period 1981-2010, the average annual air temperature is plus 4.6 ºС. The average temperature of the coldest month, January, is minus 7.5 ºС, and the warmest month, July, is plus 17.9 ºС. Annual precipitation averages 669 millimeters, although in some years it can fall by 150-200 millimeters more (up to 874 mm in 1998). Stable snow cover is observed from the second decade of November to the first decade of April, sometimes snow falls and the establishment of temporary snow cover in May (up to 15 cm in 1984) and September (up to 1 cm in 1986). The average annual sunshine duration is 1632 hours. The prevailing wind rose in the city is western, north-western. Wind gusts up to 12-16 meters per second are often noted.



The name Bologoye comes from the Old Russian "bologyi" - good, good. "The village of Bologoye over Lake Bologim" was first mentioned around 1495 in the scribe book of the Derevskaya pyatina of the Novgorod land.

In 1851, the station of the Nikolaevskaya (now Oktyabrskaya) railway was opened. Warehouses, workshops, depots, buildings of various services were built to service the railway. The appearance of the railroad was the impetus for the rapid development in the area of ​​st. Bologoye.

By the decree of the Provisional Government on June 3, 1917, the village of Bologoye (united with the village of Bologoye) was transformed into a countyless town of Valdai County.

By the decree of the Novgorod provincial executive committee of June 7, 1918, the Bologovsky district of the Novgorod province was formed, which included 11 volosts. In April 1919, the county was included in the Valdai county, the center of which in April 1919 - October 1920 was located in the city of Bologoye.

In June 1925 - August 1927, Bologoye was the center of the Medvedev volost of the Valdai district, since August 1927 - the center of the Bologovsky district. On January 29, 1935, the city and district were transferred to the newly formed Kalinin region.

During the Great Patriotic War, Bologoye was subjected to brutal bombing as an important railway junction. In total, during the war years, 527 raids were made, in which 1,092 aircraft participated, 212 sabotage groups were abandoned. The city was not occupied. In July 1941, the headquarters of the 29th Army was located here, the city was used as a staging post for sending troops to the west (source: maps, fund 219 inventory 679 file 88, archive of the RF Ministry of Defense).


Major chronological events

1495 - the first mention - the village of Bologoye above Lake Bologim; and in it is the Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist.
1772 - the village of Bologoye belongs to the landowner Stepanida Bogdanovna Melnitskaya.
1848 - the village of Bologoye is acquired by Prince Arseny Stepanovich Putyatin, who married Maria Melnitskaya.
1851 - Bologoe-Moskovskoye station was opened.
1870 - the Rybinsk-Bologovskaya railway was opened.
1876 ​​- a railway hospital was built and opened, one of the first in Russia. In 1976 she was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor.
1879 - a railway technical school was opened, the third in a row in Russia. In 1979 he was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor.
1897 - traffic on the railway to Staraya Russa - Pskov was opened.
1899 - excavations on the shore of Lake Bologovskoye. Nicholas Roerich first came to the Putyatins estate in Bologoye.
1903 - a school for boys was opened.
1906 - a gymnasium for girls was opened, the Bologovskiy sleepers impregnation plant was built.
1907 - the Bologoye-Polotsk railway to Velikiye Luki was opened.
February 20, 1911 - a fire in the building of the club of the Bologovo free fire society, which killed 64 people, including 43 children.
July 1, 1941 - the first bombing of the city.
March 13-23, 1943 - a special German aviation division bombed Bologoye (1,811 bombs dropped). After that there was a German report: the stations Bologoye and Medved no longer exist, they were wiped off the face of the earth.
1995 - the city celebrated its 500th anniversary. Many citizens from all over Russia came to celebrate the anniversary.
1996 - the Bologovskoe branch of the October railway was abolished.