Tver Oblast, Russia

Tver region is located in Central Russia.

In the southwest, it borders on the Smolensk region, in the west - on the Pskov region, in the north - on the Novgorod region, in the northeast - on the Vologda region, in the east - on the Yaroslavl region, and in the southeast - on the Moscow region.

The Tver region occupies a convenient geographical position, as the closest territory to the metropolitan metropolis and Sheremetyevo airports, and is a historically established system of resorts of the widest medical and recreational profile, as well as tourist areas with a highly developed tourist infrastructure.

The Tver region was formed as the territory of the ancient trade routes "From the Varangians to the Greeks" and "From the Varangians to the Arabs", and later as the territory between the two capitals and, as a result, it has the richest historical, cultural, and architectural components. At the same time, even today the region performs transit functions, linking the main tourist centers of central Russia: Moscow and St. Petersburg, the Golden Ring, Vologda, Pskov and Veliky Novgorod.

Thanks to this, combined with low population density and magnificent nature, the Tver region is a recognized center of tourism, which is visited annually by more than 1,100 thousand tourists for sightseeing, recreational, medical and business purposes. Pilgrimage tourism is actively developing. Experts estimate the transit tourist flow through the region at the level of 900 thousand people a year.


Tourist Information Centers

The Committee for Tourism, Resorts and International Relations of the Tver Region has created an information portal about tourism in the Tver Region with an almost exhaustive list of hotels, cafes and restaurants, attractions and other information useful for tourists

On the territory of the Tver region there are:
Information Center of the Tver Region, Address: Tver, st. Simeonovskaya, 30/37, tel.: 34-71-63
Information and Educational Center "Tverd", Tver, Universitetsky lane, 9. Tel: 8-915-714-06-38; 8-910-646-94-42. E-mail:
Tourist information center of the Tver region. Address: Tver, st. Ordzhonikidze, 21, of. 311. Tel.: +7 (4822) 34-70-75, 34-70-16, 33-92-77, 33-95-67, +7-910-646-23-65. E-mail:,



The largest region in Central Russia, heterogeneous in historical and transport terms, located at the junction of the Russian Center, North and West, is divided into a number of more integral regions:
Tver Upper Volga
Zubtsovsky, Kalininsky, Kalyazinsky, Kashinsky, Kimrsky, Konakovsky, Rzhevsky, Staritsky and Torzhoksky districts
The Tver Upper Volga region is the core of the Tver land, the richest in sights and the most visited part of the region.

Seliger and Tver Poozerye
Bologovsky, Vyshnevolotsky, Kuvshinovsky, Ostashkovsky, Penovsky, Selizharovsky, Spirovsky, Udomelsky and Firovsky districts
Seliger and Tver Poozerye - the northern part of the region, the vicinity of Lake Seliger and the city of Vyshny Volochek.

Toropetsky region
Andreapolsky, Belsky, Zharkovsky, Zapadnodvinsky, Nelidovsky, Oleninsky and Toropetsky districts
Toropetsky Krai - the western part of the region; a sparsely populated region that was not previously part of the Tver region.

Bezhetskiy top
Bezhetsky, Vesyegonsky, Krasnokholmsky, Sonkovsky, Kesovogorsky, Lesnoy, Likhoslavl, Maksatikhinsky, Molokovsky, Rameshkovsky, Sandovsky districts
Bezhetskiy Verkh is the north-east of the region. Surroundings of the cities of Bezhetsk and Likhoslavl.



Tver is the administrative center of the region, located on the Volga River. Center of excursion tourism. The city was built according to a regular plan, repeating the layout of St. Petersburg. For the similarity of style and layout, it received the name "Little Peter on the Volga" among residents and guests.
Vyshny Volochek - got its name from the uppermost portage on the ancient waterway from the Baltic to the Caspian Sea "The Way from the Varangians to the Arabs". The first hydrotechnical system in Russia was created here. The city stands on a system of canals and islands. It is popular as a tourist attraction for those traveling between St. Petersburg and Moscow.
Kalyazin is the gate of the Tver region from the side of the Golden Ring, located on the Volga River. The symbol of the city is the bell tower of the Nicholas Cathedral standing in the waters of the river.
Kashin is an ancient city and one of the oldest balneological resorts in Russia, founded in the 19th century.
Ostashkov is an ancient city on Lake Seliger, the center of this tourist region. It attracts tourists with numerous small hotels and with its peculiar appearance and location on the shore of the lake. Seliger.
Rzhev is a city of military glory. The battle for Rzhev is one of the longest and bloodiest in the history of the Great Patriotic War. Museums and preserved objects of the city's defense lines in its vicinity tell about the military history of the city.
Staritsa is an old well-preserved city on the Volga. Becomes a popular tourist destination. Known as a center for the extraction of white stone - limestone. Quarries - Staritsa caves are actively visited by amateur tourists.
Torzhok is an outpost of Veliky Novgorod on the southeastern borders. An ancient trading city, a well-known tourist center with numerous museums and hotels. Borisoglebsky Monastery is located in Torzhok - one of the oldest monasteries in Russia, founded in 1038.
Toropets was once the capital of the independent Toropets principality. First mentioned in 1074. It has preserved numerous monuments of history and architecture and its historical appearance. It is actively developing as a tourist center.


Other destinations

Lake Seliger
Vyshnevolotsk hydraulic system
Biostation Chisty Les is a rehabilitation center for orphaned bear cubs
The Vasilevo Estate is an ethnographic museum, an architectural and artistic ensemble of the late 18th - early 19th centuries. Located near the M10 highway between Torzhok and Vyshny Volochok.

Brosno Lake Monster/Dragon


Central Forest Nature Reserve


The Tver region is located in the northwestern part of Russia. This is one of the largest areas in the European part of the country. Its territory is 84.1 thousand sq. km. From west to east, the Tver region stretches for more than 450 kilometers, and from north to south for about 350 kilometers. The regional center is the city of Tver. The Tver region is rich in its sights.

Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in the village of Gorodnya, Tver Region - an architectural monument. The church was built in two phases. The lower part - the basement, in which the church was also once located - was built in the 70-80s of the 14th century, the main part in the first half of the 15th century. Much later, in 1740, a wide low refectory and a spherical bell tower were added to the church, made in the traditions of the 17th century.

The Imperial Travel Palace in Tver - an architectural monument - the creation of M.F. Kazakov. It is one of the main attractions of the city. Erected in 1764-1777, the palace was partially modified in 1809 by another brilliant architect K.I. Russia. The travel palace was intended for the rest of the members of the royal family and retinue when moving from St. Petersburg to Moscow (hence the name).

The Church of the White Trinity in Tver is the oldest temple of all preserved in the territory of Tver. The church was built at the expense of the Moscow merchant G.A. Tushinsky and Tver merchant P.D. Lapin. It was consecrated on August 15, 1564. The White Trinity Church belonged to the Trinity-Sergius Monastery and, according to legend, its name indicates that it did not pay taxes to the local bishop, that is, it was "white". Its height, together with the dome and the cross, is 27.7 m.

Lake Seliger is the pearl of the Tver region. The largest tourist center. Landmark of the whole Tver region. It is a system of lakes of glacial origin. The area of Lake Seliger is 259.7 sq. km. The area of the entire basin is 2275 sq. km. There are more than 160 islands on Seliger, the largest of which is Khachin Island. More than 30 species of fish live in Lake Seliger (smelt, bream, pike, pike perch, burbot, eel and others).

Staritskiy Uspenskiy Monastery, Tver Region, is an outstanding architectural ensemble. Previously, this place was the Staritsky Kremlin. The Holy Assumption Monastery includes a white-stone Assumption Cathedral (1530), a two-story stone building (1530s), a gate church in the name of St. John the Theologian (1694), the Church of the Introduction (1570) - was built by Ivanov the Terrible, the Trinity Church (1819) - was built at the expense of Major General Alexei Timofeevich Tutolmin, a chapel with a font in the name of George the Victorious, a mausoleum - tomb of I.F. Glebov (1707-1774).

Kalyazin - attractions The bell tower in Kalyazin, Tver region, located in the water and protruding 71 meters above its level. In the 12th century, there was an ancient Novgorod settlement on this site, and later the monastery of Nikola on Zhabna. In 1238, Nikola on Zhabna was burned by the Tatar-Mongols. After that, it was repeatedly restored and destroyed. In 1694, a stone cathedral appeared in the central part, and then the current bell tower. The buildings stood until 1937. In connection with the construction of the navigable canal named after Moscow and the partial flooding of the city, the cathedral was dismantled, and the bell tower was left as an architectural monument, a landmark of the entire Tver region.

Nilo-Stolobenskaya Hermitage (Nilov Monastery) is a male monastery located in the Tver region on Lake Seliger, 10 kilometers from Ostashkov, or rather on Stolobny Island and partly on Svetlitsa Island. The heyday of the monastery falls on the 17th-19th centuries. Most of the temples and other buildings were built during this time.

The Znamenskoye-Raek estate is a fine example of Russian classical architecture in the Tver region (50 km from Tver). Residential and office buildings were built by St. Petersburg and Novotorzhsky craftsmen in 1787-1797. designed by the largest Russian architect N.A. Lvov. The estate in the 18th century belonged to the landowners Glebov-Streshnev.

Bortenevsky field, where in 1317 the army of the Tver prince met in battle with the combined army of the Golden Horde and the Moscow prince.


Get in

The Tver region is located between Moscow and St. Petersburg, the main transport flows go to it from there. Communication with other neighboring regions is noticeably worse, especially by public transport, but in principle it exists.

By plane
There are no airports accepting civil passenger flights in the region. Moscow airports are relatively close, and St. Petersburg can be convenient. From there it will be necessary to go by land.

On the ship
It is now impossible to get into the Tver region by scheduled water transport, but tourist shipping on the Volga has been preserved. From Moscow there are boats to Tver, Kimry and Kalyazin. Stops in them can also be part of a cruise to St. Petersburg or along the Volga.


Get around

By train
The railway in one way or another covers almost all the cities and districts of the region, but it is difficult to call this network dense - in the general case, there is no direct railway route between two neighboring cities. There is also a strictly opposite situation, for example, between Torzhok and Staritsa, trains are the only public transport, and from Kimry to Kalyazin or from Ostashkov to Toropets, you will have to make a significant detour even along roads. Another problem with trains is the extremely low number of flights on most lines. On the main course of the Oktyabrskaya railway (Zavidovo-Tver-Vyshny Volochek-Bologoye), trains are faster than buses traveling along the same route, and on deaf and distant lines they can be much slower.

There are no intra-regional long-distance trains in the Tver region (although some formally suburban trains travel a considerable distance), as a rule, it is not advisable to travel inside the region on passing long-distance trains. Suburban express trains are available only from Tver towards Moscow. The fare in ordinary trains is per kilometer, 2.4 rubles. per kilometer, but not less than 24.2 rubles. per trip (2016), there are no benefits for students for a single trip. Suburban ticket offices are available only at a few major stations; in other cases, a ticket must be taken from the conductor on the train. The trains themselves are usually a locomotive with several cars from a distant train, but there are also rail buses, and on the main course, ordinary electric trains.

Practically on all railway lines of the Tver region, various rare infrastructure facilities have been preserved, be it, for example, old railway stations or hand switches. Imagine also the forests, fields, historical cities and remote villages through which these lines pass - and it becomes clear why at least two of them, Savelovskaya and Bologoe-Polotskaya, are cult among transport fans. The peak of meditativeness is the Zemtsy-Zharkovsky line, where trains move at an average speed of 14 km/h. On the railway between Moscow and St. Petersburg, the speeds are completely different, but there is more than enough history there, and this is the history of the first railway line in Russia.

By bus
In the Tver region, there are two different networks of bus routes: scheduled and "custom" under the brand "Autoexpress", the latter are more common. The first of them often uses old bus stations, the second has its own stops and ticket offices. All Autoexpress buses are present in different online systems and tickets for them can be bought online, but some regular buses (especially in the direction from the region to Tver, or between cities in the region) may not be available online.

Almost the entire route network closes to Tver and Moscow. The most notable exception here is the city of Nelidovo, where routes from almost the entire west of the region converge - but in fact, also to connect with buses to Tver and Moscow.

As of 2020, the frequency of flights has greatly decreased compared to past times. On weekends, tickets must be purchased in advance.


Folk crafts

On the territory of the Tver region, unique and characteristic only for these places folk crafts developed, the most interesting of which are:

Torzhok gold embroidery - sewing with gold and silver thread on fabric and leather. In Torzhok there is a gold embroidery factory with an exhibition hall and a souvenir shop. Gold embroidery and products from it are the hallmark of the Tver region. Initially, the gold embroidery industry developed in Staritsa, but since the 16th century, the center of its production began to move to Torzhok, which by that time had become a major trading and transit center
Kalyazin bobbin lace - voluminous lace made of woolen and cotton thread has traditionally been made in Kalyazin since the 14th century. Today in Kalyazin, at the house of folk art, there is a museum, a workshop and a sale of souvenirs.
Kalyazin embroidery on felt is embodied in beautiful felt boots with multi-colored patterns and pictures. By order of the master from Torzhok, felt boots are embroidered with gold thread.
Kimry patchwork - figurines and dolls, wall panels and entire carpets from multi-colored patches are traditionally made in Kimry. Now the production of these interesting and unusual souvenirs is carried out in the House of Crafts under the district administration. There is also an exhibition and sale of souvenirs.
Tver wooden toy - produced at the Tver factory and is the hallmark of the city of Tver.


Night life

The most developed nightlife is in Tver. There are about 15 nightclubs of various kinds operating here, incl. with bowling centers, billiard rooms, bars, restaurants and dance areas. The most famous places are nightclubs: 80s Disco, Mirror, Remix - 90s, Megapolis. The direction of parties a la 80-90 years is very popular in the city. And thanks to this, guests from Moscow willingly come to Tver for the weekend to shake the old days and remember the youth. The city has a large number of restaurants, both traditional Russian and various European and exotic cuisines. Among the most famous and highest quality restaurants, it is worth noting: Oasis, Culture, Osnabrück. At the same time, prices in Tver are 20-40% lower than in Moscow with a comparable level of service and quality. There are more than 50 cafes and coffee shops. Town stands out among them - perhaps the most youth-party place and the nearby Art coffee house - a meeting place for Tver bohemia and those who joined them, there is a permanent exhibition of Tver artists, theme evenings are held here.

The entertainment infrastructure is rapidly developing in Torzhok and Vyshny Volochek. This is due to the fact that tourists traveling between St. Petersburg and Moscow stop in these cities. Accordingly, these cities can boast of two or three nightclubs and a dozen restaurants and cafes of various levels. Zeus in Torzhok and the Shanson restaurant in Vyshny Volochek are worth highlighting among the most interesting places.


Physical and geographical characteristics


The Tver region is located in the west of the middle part of the East European Plain. It stretches for 260 km from north to south and for 450 km from west to east. The area of the region is 84,201 km², which is slightly larger than the territory of the Leningrad Region. The distance from the ring road of Moscow to the border of the region is 90 km.



The surface is mostly flat, in the west - the Valdai Upland, in the east the Mologo-Sheksninskaya lowland, in the extreme west - the Ploskoshskaya lowland, in the center the Tver moraine ridge. The highest point ("Top of Valdai") - 346.9 m - near the village of Pochinok, Firovsky district. The lowest point - 61 m - is the bank of the Kunya River in the Toropetsky district on the border with the Novgorod region.



The region is poor in minerals. In the bowels of the region there are layers of brown coal of the Moscow region coal basin. The largest deposit is Bolshoe Nelidovskoye, which produced about 21 million tons of solid fuel from 1948 to 1996.

Thick peat deposits with a total volume of 15.4 billion m³ are widespread in the flat areas. The calculated peat reserves are 2051 million tons (about 7% of the reserves of the European part of Russia). On an industrial scale, 43 peat deposits with a total area of about 300 thousand hectares have been developed, the main exploited reserves are concentrated in five deposits located in the central and southern parts of the region. From 1971 to 1999, more than 44 million tons of fuel peat were developed.

Limestones are widespread, there are deposits of fusible and refractory clays and quartz sand, sapropels, underground fresh and mineral water layers, open sources are numerous (the most famous is Kashinskaya medicinal table water).



The climate of the entire Tver region is temperate continental (according to Alisov), temperate continental humid with warm summers, Dfb (according to Koeppen), but due to the rather large extent of the region from southwest to northeast, the continentality of the climate is growing and the climate of the region varies quite a lot. Average temperatures in January vary from -6 °C in the southwest to -10 °C in the northeast, and in July from +17 to +19 °C, respectively.



There are over 800 rivers on the territory of the region with a total length of about 17,000 km. The longest and main river is the Volga (685 km). Its source is in the Ostashkovsky district. Also, other rivers are especially significant in the region: the Western Dvina (262 km), Vazuza (162 km), Tvertsa (188 km), Medveditsa (269 km), Mologa (280 km) and Mezha (259 km). The watershed of the Caspian and Baltic Seas passes through the territory of the region.

The region has 1,769 lakes (1.4% of the territory), including Lake Seliger (259.7 km²), Upper Volga Lakes, Velikoye, Verestovo, Piros and Shlino. The maximum amount of lakes is in the west and north-west of the region. The deepest lakes of the region (evolutionary) are Brosno (41.5 m) and Dolosets (41 m), Kaftino (39 m).

The largest reservoirs in the region are: Verkhnevolzhskoye, Ivankovskoye, Uglichskoye and Rybinskoye, located on the Volga; Vazuzskoe and Vyshnevolotskoe on smaller rivers.



Soils on the territory of the region are predominantly sandy loamy (and in some places clayey) soddy-podzolic, a large massif of the Orshinsky swamp (Kalinin district) is rich in peat-bog soils, found in areas throughout the region. The most fertile lands are located in the east of the region (Kashinsky, Kalyazinsky districts).



The region is located in the forest zone, in the subzone of the southern taiga, turning into broad-leaved forests in the northwest and pine forests in the northern and southwestern parts.

Forests in the Tver region occupy a little more than half of its territory. Forest cover is 54%.

The largest area is occupied by mixed forests - 2,482,724.03 ha, which is 29.5% of the total area of the region. The area of broad-leaved forests is 1,592,866.19 ha (18.9%). The area of light coniferous forests is 453,800.01 ha (5.4%). The smallest area falls on dark coniferous forests - 21,228.11 ha (0.25%). Treeless territories - 3,869,482.0 ha (2010).

The total wood reserves in the region are 658 million m³. Mature forest reserves are estimated at 147.8 million m³, including resources intended for exploitation - about 100 million m³. The allowable cut is set at 6.2 million m³/year, the volume of logging is about 34% of the cut (2003).

Bogs occupy about 7% of the total area of the region.

In 2002, the Red Book of the Tver Region was published, edited by A. S. Sorokin. The second edition came out in 2016.


Protection of Nature

The largest nature protection object is the Central Forest Reserve on the territory of the Nelidovsky and Andreapolsky districts, with a protected area of 46,061 hectares.

There are Zavidovsky Scientific and Experimental Reserve, 202 nature reserves (including 168 protected swamps), 252 natural monuments (including 78 ancient parks), 35 forest complexes, 18 lakes and other single objects are protected. The residence of the President of Russia is located in the Zavidovo State Natural Complex. Since November 2006, together with employees of the Federal Security Service of Russia, round-the-clock service in the presidential residence has been carried out by employees of the OMON "Bars" of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs for the Tver Region.

State of the environment
The centers of pollution are the cities with the chemical industry: Torzhok and Nelidovo. Radioactive waste is placed on the territory of the military unit in the village of Migalovo.



On January 29, 1935, the Kalinin region was formed from parts of the Western, Leningrad and Moscow regions.
On February 5, 1935, Velikoluksky District was formed as part of the Kalinin Region.
On March 5, 1935, the Mednovsky, Kushalinsky and Firovsky districts were formed.
March 20, 1936 Chertolinsky district was renamed Molodotudsky.
On May 11, 1937, the Opochetsky district was formed.
On July 8, 1937, the Karelian National District was formed.
July 9, 1937 Velikoluksky district was abolished.
On February 7, 1939, the Karelian National District was abolished.
On April 26, 1940, the Vesyegonsky district was abolished.
On February 5, 1941, the Opochetsky District was abolished.
On July 5, 1944, the Kholmsky district was transferred to the newly formed Novgorod region.
On August 22, 1944, the cities of Velikiye Luki, Bezhanitsky, Velikoluksky, Idritsky, Krasnogorodsky, Kudeversky, Kuninsky, Leninsky, Loknyansky, Nevelsky, Nelidovsky, Novosokolnichsky, Oktyabrsky, Opochetsky, Penovsky, Ploskoshsky, Pustoshkinsky, Sebezhsky, Seryozhinsky , Toropetsky districts.
On August 23, 1944, Ashevsky, Novorzhevsky, Pushkinogorsky districts were listed as part of the newly formed Pskov region.
On March 3, 1949, the Vesyegonsk region was restored.
On September 22, 1956, the city of Dubna was listed as part of the Moscow Region.
On October 2, 1957, when the Velikoluksky region was abolished, Belsky, Zharkovsky, Ilyinsky, Leninsky, Nelidovsky, Oktyabrsky, Penovsky, Serezhinsky, Toropetsky districts were transferred to the Kalinin region.
On February 20, 1958, the working settlement of Ivankovo was listed as part of the Moscow Region.
On July 29, 1958, the Ploskoshsky District was transferred from the Pskov Region to the Kalinin Region.
On August 22, 1958, the Yesenovichsky and Molodotudsky districts were abolished.
On October 22, 1959, the Orshinsky district was abolished.
On January 12, 1960, the Zharkovsky, Ilyinsky, Ploskoshsky and Seryozhinsky districts were abolished.
On November 14, 1960, the Brusovsky, Lukovnikovsky, Zavidovsky and Pogorelsky districts were abolished.
On February 1, 1963, in accordance with the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, Sonkovsky, Udomelsky, Sandovsky, Firovsky, Oktyabrsky, Konakovsky, Turginovsky, Kesovogorsky, Kalyazinsky, Molokovsky, Lesnoy, Belsky, Oleninsky, Kirovsky, Penovsky, Goritsky, Zubtsovsky, Vysokovskiy, Kamensky , Likhoslavl and Leninsky districts.
On March 4, 1964, the Kalyazinsky, Likhoslavl and Oleninsky districts were restored.
On January 3, 1965, the Belsk and Kesovogorsk regions were restored.
On January 12, 1965, Andreapolsky, Zubtsovsky, Konakovsky, Kuvshinovsky, Sandovsky, Selizharovsky, Spirovsky and Udomelsky districts were formed.
On December 30, 1966, Lesnoy and Molokovsky districts were formed.
On April 6, 1972, the Firovsky district was restored.
On December 27, 1973, the Zharkovsky and Penovsky districts were formed.
In 1983 a birch bark was found in Tver, in 1985 a birch bark was found in Torzhok.

On July 17, 1990, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, the Kalinin Region was renamed Tver Region. On April 21, 1992, the Congress of People's Deputies of Russia approved the renaming of the region, making an appropriate amendment to Art. 71 of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1978, which entered into force on May 16, 1992