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10 largest cities of Russia
St. Petersburg
Nizhny Novgorod






Location: Tver Oblast







Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips



Description of Tver

Tver is a capital of Tver Oblast in the Central region of Russia. It was found in the medieval times on the banks of Volga river. Tver grew to become one of the largest and most powerful principalities in medieval Russia. During Soviet rule it was renamed to Kalinin, but after fall of Soviet Union Tver got its historic name back.


Historically, the city was divided into 4 parts - located on the right bank of the Volga and the T'maki Kremlin, as well as separated from it by the corresponding rivers Zatmachye, Zavolzhie, and Zatvereche. Nowadays, the city is also divided into 4 administrative districts, coinciding with historical ones, however, only partially.

Central district - the central, historical part of the city
Zavolzhsky district - left bank of the city
Moskovsky district - the eastern part of the city
Proletarsky district - the western part of the city

Tver Travel Destinations

Athanasius Nikitin Monument

Stepan Razin Embankment (Набережная Степана Разина)

Travel Palace (Путевой Дворец)





Saint Catherine's Monastery (Свято- Екатерининский монастырь)

Monastery of Christ's Birth (Христорождественский монастырь)

Malitsa Nicholas Monastery (Николаевский Малицкий Монастырь)

Cathedral of the Ascension (Собор Вознесения Господня)

Museum of Kalinin Front

Monument to Prince Michael Tversky or Michael of Tver (Памятник князю Михаилу Тверскому)

Stella "City of Military Glory"

Tver Mosque (Тверская Соборная Мечеть)



History of Tver

Medieval origins

Tver's foundation year is officially accepted to be 1135, although there is no universal agreement on this date and some estimates place it as late as the second half of the 13th century. Originally a minor settlement of Novgorodian traders, it passed to the Grand Prince of Vladimir in 1209. In 1246, Alexander Nevsky granted it to his younger brother Yaroslav Yaroslavich (d. 1271), from whom a dynasty of local princes descended. Four of them were killed by the Golden Horde and were proclaimed saints by the Russian Orthodox church.

Formerly a land of woods and bogs, the Principality of Tver was quickly transformed into one of the richest and most populous Russian states. As the area was hardly accessible for Tatar raids, there was a great influx of population from the recently devastated south. By the end of the century, it was ready to vie with Moscow for supremacy in Russia. Both Tver and Moscow were young cities, so the outcome of their rivalry was far from being certain.

Grand princedom
Mikhail, the Grand Prince of Tver, who ascended the throne of Vladimir in 1305, was one of the most beloved of medieval Russian rulers. His policy of open conflict with the Golden Horde led to his assassination there in 1318. His son Dmitry "the Terrible Eyes" succeeded him, and, concluding an alliance with the mighty Grand Duchy of Lithuania, managed to raise Tver's prestige even higher.

Exasperated by Dmitry's influence, Prince Ivan Kalita of the Grand Duchy of Moscow engineered his murder by the Mongols in 1326. On hearing the news of this crime, the city revolted against the Horde. The Horde joined its forces with Muscovites and brutally repressed the rebellion. Many citizens were killed, enslaved or deported. This was the fatal blow to Tver's aspirations for supremacy in Russia.

In the second half of the 14th century, Tver was further weakened by dynastic struggles between its princes. Two senior branches of the ruling house, those of Kashin and Kholmsky, asserted their claims to the grand ducal throne. The claimers were backed up by Moscow and eventually settled at the Moscow Kremlin court.

During the Great Feudal War in the Grand Duchy of Moscow, Tver once again rose to prominence and concluded defensive alliances with Lithuania, Novgorod, Byzantium, and the Golden Horde. Grand Prince Boris of Tver sent one of his men, Afanasy Nikitin, to search for gold and diamonds as far as India. Nikitin's travelogue, describing his journey from 1466 to 1472, is probably the first ever firsthand account of India by a European. A monument to Nikitin was opened on the Volga embankment in 1955.

Later history
On 12 September 1485, the forces of Ivan the Great seized the city. The principality was given as an appanage to Ivan's grandson, only to be abolished several decades later. Last scions of the ruling dynasty were executed by Ivan the Terrible during the Oprichnina. At that turbulent time, Tver was ruled by Simeon Bekbulatovich, a former khan of Kasimov. The only remnant of his ephemeral reign is a graceful tent-like church in the village of Kushalino, 28 kilometers (17 mi) northeast of Tver.

18th century
The Tver's decline was not irrevocable, however. With the foundation of St. Petersburg, Tver gained importance as a principal station on the highway (and later railway) en route from Moscow. It was much visited by Russian royalty and nobility traveling from the old capital to the new one and back.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Tver was included into Ingermanlandia Governorate (since 1710 known as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727 it was transferred to the newly established Novgorod Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and the whole area was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty, which in 1796 was transformed to Tver Governorate. Tver was the center of Tverskoy Uyezd.

Following a devastating fire of 1763, the city was rebuilt in a Neoclassical style. Under Catherine the Great, the central part was thoroughly reconstructed. Crumbling medieval buildings were razed and replaced with imposing Neoclassical structures. The most important of these are the Travel Palace of the Empress (designed by the celebrated Matvei Kazakov), and the Ascension church (designed by Prince Lvov and consecrated in 1813).


19th century
In 1809 a committee was set up on the improvement of the city, where he worked the famous architect of the capital Rossi. His projects include Cathedral of Christ, and houses on the waterfront and city center (a total of 30 buildings). He also rebuilt Travel Palace. At this time, in the city lived a sister of Alexander I, Catherine Pavlovna, who was married to the governor of Tver, which turned the Palace into one of the centers of social life of the country and fashionable literary salon, where going to the high society of Tver and which was visited by many prominent people from Moscow and St. Petersburg. Writer and historian Nikolay Karamzin read here Emperor Alexander excerpts from his "History". In the palace of the Prince of Persia took Khozrev Mirza, who came to apologize for the killing of Alexander Griboyedov, met the Prussian King Frederick William III. Additional quarters for himself and his family to settle in the palace of the Tver Alexander II.

20th century
On 12 July 1929, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Tverskoy District, with the administrative center in Tver, was established within Tver Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On 23 July 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.

On 20 November 1931, the city was renamed Kalinin after the nominal head of state (1919–1946) and an affiliate of Josef Stalin, Mikhail Kalinin, who had been born nearby. Simultaneously, Tverskoy District was renamed Kalininsky District. On 29 January 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Kalininsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.

The last vestige of the pre-Petrine epoch, the Savior Cathedral, was blown up in 1936. In 1940, the NKVD executed more than 6,200 Polish policemen and prisoners of war from Ostashkov camp.

The Wehrmacht occupied Kalinin for two months from Tuesday, 14 October to 19 December 1941, leaving the city in ashes. Kalinin was the first major city in Europe to be liberated from the Wehrmacht.

During the Cold War, Kalinin was home to the Kryuchkovo air base, which is no longer in service. The city's historic name of Tver was restored on 17 July 1990.

Apart from the suburban White Trinity Church (1564) (Russian: Храм Троицы Живоначальной, the Temple of the Lifegiving Trinity), there are no ancient monuments left in Tver. The central part is graced with Catharinian and Soviet edifices, bridges, and embankments. Tver's most notable industries are a railroad car plant, opened in 1898, an excavator factory, and a glass factory. Tver is home to Migalovo, which is one of Russia's biggest military airlift facilities.







How to get there
By plane
In Tver there is an airport Migalovo, but there are no passenger flights to it. To enter the city, you can use Moscow airports, the closest of which is Sheremetyevo.

By train
The most convenient way to get to Tver from Moscow is the “Lastochka” electric trains, which depart from the Leningradsky railway station from early morning to late evening, just a few dozen flights. The journey takes 1.5-2 hours; the cost is 520 rubles (February 2018). Also, regular electric trains run to Tver from the Leningradsky railway station, the journey time is from 2 up to 3 hours, depending on the number of stops. You can take the passenger and fast trains going to St. Petersburg or further with a stop in Tver, but it will be more expensive and less convenient than on the "Swallow".

From St. Petersburg, you can get on trains following to Moscow or through it, is also true for other cities of the north-west (Veliky Novgorod, Pskov, Petrozavodsk, Murmansk) and Tallinn. Trains leading from some other cities of Russia to St. Petersburg also pass through Tver, from other cities you will have to change trains in Moscow.

Suburban trains connect Tver with Torzhok, Vyshny Volochka and Bologoye.

1 Station Tver, Komintern street. Passenger platforms in Tver Island, on them is the old station of the traditional for the Nikolaev railway architecture, which serves now as a turnstile hall. To board long-distance trains, you will also have to go through the turnstiles, showing the ticket to the guards. From the station underground passages lead to the station square, where the new station building of Soviet construction is located with the usual infrastructure for the station and the building of suburban ticket offices. If you are traveling from Moscow or a region, please note that there are no usual privileges for commuter travel, for example, discounts for students, in the Tver region, it makes sense to take a return ticket to the departure station.
The station is located at some distance from the historical center, it makes sense to use public transport, which runs quite often.

By car
Tver is located on the federal highway M10 Moscow - St. Petersburg. The route goes along the bypass road, to enter the city from Moscow at the traffic police post in the village of Emmaus, you should continue straight, and from St. Petersburg - turn left at the traffic lights at the tank. The distance by road from Moscow is about 170 kilometers, from St. Petersburg about 530 kilometers. Through M10 and branches from it, the path goes to a number of cities in the region: Torzhok, Vyshny Volochyok, Ostashkov, Konakovo.

In addition, the city has several regional routes:
28A-0480 (Р90) to Volokolamsk
28K-0576 (A112) to Staritsa, Rzhev, Teeth, Toropets
28K-0058 (P84) in Bezhetsk, Kashin, Kalyazin

By bus
There are many intercity bus routes on the same M10. Some of them do not have a stop directly at the bus station of the city of Tver, however, you can ask to stop either in the adjacent village of Emmaus (if you are coming from Moscow), or at the intersection of the ring road with 50 years of October street (if you are coming from St. Petersburg). From both these points you can reach the city center by public transport. Shuttle buses No. 106 and No. 206 run from Emmaus, and share taxis number 1, 2, 9, 14 and 27 run from the 50 years of October prospect (this way you can get to any part of the city).

In addition, Tver is connected by bus service with almost all cities of the region, it is worth looking at the page of the respective city for more details. The most intensive traffic is in Torzhok, Staritsa, Rzhev, Vyshny Volochyok, Bezhetsk, Ostashkov, but buses can rarely go to a number of remote cities.

2 Bus Station, st. Comintern, 10 (near the station). Open 4:30 - 21:00. Departure of buses "Tver Avtotrans" and a number of private carriers. There is a waiting room, a toilet (free on a bus ticket), Wi-Fi. Exit to the platforms only through the building itself.
3 Stop at the hotel "Tourist" (opposite the station). Departure of buses "Autoexpress"

On the ship
There are no regular flights along the Volga, but some cruise ships make a stop.


Transport around Tver
Travelers in Tver will almost certainly have to use public transport services. Most of the traffic is done by minibuses and buses. Electric transport has degraded in recent years, only a few trolleybus routes are in operation, as well as one tram (a few are officially “closed for repair”) connecting the station and the bus station with the center and the Volga region. The fare is 21 rubles per tram, trolleybus and bus, 25 rubles by shuttle bus.


Hotels, motels and where to sleep



Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

There are several international fast food nets in the city: McDonalds,Burger King,KFC,Subway. Most of them located in the main shopping malls food courts.

There is also Russian fast food net Chicken House (with it biggest cafes near the bus and railway stations) and a lot of another local cafes,canteens and restaurants.


Cultural (and not so cultural) events



Interesting information and useful tips

Precautionary measures
Tourists in Tver should be careful not to become victims of various kinds of fraudsters and pickpockets. When traveling around the city, it is better to be attentive, not to get involved in situations that you do not understand, for example, street lotteries, not to raise the purse dropped by someone. Putting money and documents away in a place that allows them to be controlled. Moving under Tver in the dark in industrial or remote sleeping areas should be avoided. Tver can be dangerous for people with non-European appearance. There have been cases of attacks by groups of nationalists on people of African or Asian descent.