Ermak Travel Guide

 

Cherkessk

Черкесск

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

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Description of Cherkessk

Cherkessk is a city in the south of Russia, the capital of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic. Forms the municipality of the Circassian urban district. It is the main industrial, economic and cultural center of the republic. Most of the tourist flow is directed to the mountain resorts of the Caucasus, which are located in the southern part of Karachay-Cherkessia, the most famous of which is Dombai. Thus, Cherkessk is only a transit point for most travelers.

Cherkessk is located in the northern part of the republic on the banks of the Kuban River. The surrounding terrain - flat, foothill, from the east and south of Cherkessk stretch hilly ridges with a height of about 700 meters above sea level, while the city itself is located at an altitude of 530-540 meters above sea level. The climate is mild, the winter is warm with temperatures around 0 ..- 5 degrees Celsius, in summer up to + 30..35 degrees.

 

 

 

History of Cherkessk

What is now Cherkessk was established in 1804 as a Russian military fort on the Kuban River, what was then the border with Circassia, on the spot where in 1790 Russian troops under the command of General Johann Hermann von Fersen (Ivan Ivanovich Herman fon Fersen) defeated the Ottoman Batal Pasha. In honor of the victory over Batal Pasha, the fort was named Batalpashinskaya; it was a redoubt surrounded by an earthen rampart and ditch. (That the fort was named for an enemy leader may have led villagers to prefer the nickname Pashinka.)

The settlement itself was founded as the Cossack stanitsa of Batalpashinskaya near the Russian Army outpost. The officially recognized year of founding of Batalpashinskaya and modern Cherkessk is 1825. However, the Cossack settlers from the Khopyour and Kuban regiments began arriving in the newly organized stanitsa not earlier than spring of 1826. In 1860, the village was designated as a center of a uyezd of the Kuban Oblast. A decree of 30 December 1869 by Tsar Alexander II transformed the village into a city of Batalpashinsk but the decree was never implemented, and Batalpashinskaya remained a stanitsa until the Soviet times. In 1888, the village became a seat of one of Kuban's seven otdels.

In 1922, the village became the seat of the Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast of the RSFSR, and in 1926, the Cherkess National Okrug. In 1931, it was granted town status and renamed Batalpashinsk. It received its current name of Cherkessk in 1939. The city was occupied by the Nazi German Wehrmacht during World War II (the Great Patriotic War) from 11 August 1942 to 17 January 1943 as part of the Case Blue offensive. In 1957, it became the capital of the reformed Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast which became the Karachay–Cherkess Republic in 1991 with the fall of the Soviet Union.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips