Ermak Travel Guide

 

Elista

Elista

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Elista

Elista (from Kalm. Elst - sandy; in 1944-1957 - Steppe) - a city in the south of the European part of Russia. It is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Kalmykia. It forms the urban district of the city of Elista. Elista is located in the gully of the river of the same name in the southeastern part of the Ergeni Upland, 1250 km south-east of Moscow. Population: 103 132 people. (2018), area: 92.36 km².

 

In 1845, the Russian emperor Nicholas I issued a decree on the veiling of the Kalmyk steppe. The first plantings were made by the forest department in 1853 in the south of Ergeny and in the gully Elista. To increase the area of ​​forest plantations, labor was needed, so the forest department requested the Ministry of State Property to organize the settlement of the Elista forest plantation. In 1859–1861, the Kumo-Manychic scientific expedition under the direction of the scientist Kostenkova outlined 15 places for the formation of settlements along the Crimean Route between Krestovskaya and Astrakhan stations, including Elista.

 

 

 

History of Elista

Elista was founded in 1865 as a small settlement; the name is from Kalmyk els(e)n "sand(y)". In November 1920, Elista became the administrative center of Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast. By the early 1930s, Elista was transformed into a small city as the collectivization policies of Joseph Stalin forced many Kalmyks to abandon their traditional pastoral nomadic lifestyle in exchange for a modern, sedentary, and urban lifestyle. In October 1935, Elista was recognized as the capital of the Kalmyk ASSR. In late 1942, the city was briefly occupied by the German army. Because of alleged collaboration between the ethnic Kalmyks and the Germans, on December 27, 1943, the Kalmyk ASSR was dissolved and its ethnic Kalmyk residents were forcibly exiled to Siberia. Russian people were brought in to repopulate Elista whose name was changed to Stepnoy (Степно́й). It was called Stepnoy until 1957, when the survivors of the deportations were allowed to return from exile.

Some western tourists started to visit Elista from the mid-1990s, and more after it received publicity as the host city of the 1998 Chess Olympiad. The city is safe and has little traffic. On the outskirts of Elista, there are vast grasslands.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips