Galich (an old Russian Galich Mersky) - a city
(from 1159) in the Kostroma region of Russia, an independent
municipality - the urban district Galich, the administrative center
of the Galich municipal district. The city is included in the list
of settlements of Russia with the official status of "historical".
Population - 16,922 people. (2017).
The territory of Galich
since ancient times was inhabited by man. This is evidenced by such
ancient Neolithic sites as the Galich Hill. The founding date is
usually considered 1159 year. During the reign of Prince Yury
Dolgoruky, who at that time strengthened the borders of the
Rostov-Suzdal principality, Galich was called upon to play the role
of an outpost of North-Eastern Russia in the development of the
North and Vyatka land.
However, in written sources, Galich
was first mentioned under the year 1237, when the Laurentian
Chronicle indicated that the Tatars "capture everything all along
Wolze Dooge and before Galich Mersky."