Gorki Leninskiye, Russia

Description of Gorki Leninskiye

Gorki Leninskiye is a town-type settlement in the Leninsky district of the Moscow region of Russia, the administrative center of the urban settlement Gorki Leninskie. The population as of January 1, 2010 is 2.3 thousand inhabitants (2.1 thousand inhabitants in 2009). The distance to the administrative center, the city Vidnoe, 7 km. The distance to the nearest railway platform Leninskaya 4 km. In the village there is a museum-reserve "Gorki Leninskie", as well as the Scientific Archive of the Russian Academy of Education.



Manor of Gorki

Leninskiye Gorki is an old estate located not far from Moscow. The former noble estate houses the Gorki Leninskiye State Museum-Reserve. Visitors to the estate, in addition to the main buildings, will also visit the house-museum of V.I. Lenin, they will see the exact models of his Kremlin office and apartment. In addition, the reserve has a well-preserved park and a museum of the life of a Russian peasant.

The history of Gorok began in the 18th century, when landowner Marfa Spasiteleva acquired a piece of land in a small village near Moscow. A large house was built on the estate and a beautiful garden was planted. A few years later, the noblewoman went bankrupt and sold her country estate. The estate passed from one landowner to another, gradually dilapidated.

In 1824, the estate was bought by a well-known social activist, politician, participant in the war of 1812, writer and poet A.A. Pisarev. Under him, a two-story stone manor house was built in the estate (before that, all the buildings were wooden), the northern and southern wings, the structure of the park was laid, which has been preserved to this day.

In 1909 Z.G. became the owner of the estate. Morozova-Reinboat, heiress of the multi-million dollar fortune of the manufacturer S. Morozov. Two years after his death in 1905, Zinaida Grigorievna marries the mayor of Moscow, A.A. Reinobot, but a few months later, due to accusations of embezzlement, A. Reinobot was forced to resign. To avoid gossip, Zinaida Grigorievna sells the famous mansion on Spiridonovka and acquires an estate in Gorki with the proceeds.

The estate underwent a large-scale reconstruction, as a result of which the estate acquired a modern look. Electricity, running water, central steam heating (in the main house) were installed, and in 1913 even a telephone appeared. The architect F. Shekhtel added a Winter Garden, a veranda to the mansion, decorated the facade of the main house with a portico and a colonnade. In 1915, a stable, a water tower, and a small farm appeared on the estate. Several beautiful gazebos were built in the garden.

Thanks to the water tower, water flowed not only to the large house, the northern and southern wings, but also to the outbuildings.

With the advent of Soviet power, Gorki were given to V.I. Lenin as a residence. Favorable location (not far from Moscow), beautiful nature, all the conditions for a normal life, but most importantly, the presence of a telephone was for Lenin the main reason for choosing this particular estate. Here the leader of the world proletariat lived and worked for 2.5 years.

By this phone, Lenin sent about 200 messages-instructions to various cities of Russia. But the connection was very bad, because. the line did not go directly to Moscow, but passed through Podolsk. In this regard, Lenin wrote indignant notes to the People's Commissar of Posts and Telegraphs V.S. Dovgalevsky: "Comrade Dovgalevsky, again and again I draw your serious attention to the disgrace with my telephone in the village of Gorki." As a result, an amplifier was added to the phone.

The northern wing of the estate in Gorki was considered a guest house, Lenin and N. Krupskaya lived here in the winter, moving to a large house in the summer. There was no steam heating in the North Wing, all rooms were heated by Dutch stoves. Lenin occupied a small room here so that no one would interfere with his work. Because the guest house did not provide for a desktop; he had to work at a small dressing table. The skin on the floor is a gift from the Tver hunters who came to visit him.


The estate is known due to the fact that since the winter of 1921-22. and until his death, V. I. Lenin lived here. The estate largely preserved pre-revolutionary interiors with furnishings from the times of Zinaida Morozova. Already at that time the estate was telephoned.

The complex of the museum-reserve includes the following objects:
Museum-Estate "Gorki" with a preserved memorial environment in which Vladimir Ilyich Lenin lived, worked and died
Museum of V. I. Lenin
Museum "Office and apartment of V. I. Lenin in the Kremlin"
Museum of peasant life


Official website of the Leninskiye Gorki Museum-Reserve

Work schedule
The protected area is open to visitors daily from 9:00 to 21:00, the entrance fee to the territory is 100 rubles. Tickets to museums are purchased taking into account the excursion service. Groups of tourists are formed from Wednesday to Sunday at the beginning of each hour from 9:00 to 18:00. On Monday and Tuesday, guided tours are possible only by prior arrangement.

Ticket price
The price of a ticket to visit one object in 2023 ranges from 100 to 500 rubles. depending on the scale of the exposure. For a complex ticket for viewing the halls of all attractions as part of an excursion group, a fee of 1000 rubles is provided, for tourists who independently wish to see the exhibitions - 800 rubles.

You can buy tickets at the box office or on the official website of the museum complex. For preferential categories of citizens, a 50% discount applies to all tickets to museums. Children under 7 years old can enter all halls of the museum-reserve for free.