Gorno-Altaysk or Gorno-Altaisk (Yuzhnoalt, Tuulu
Altai; until 1932 - Ulal, in 1932-1948 - Oirot-Tura) - a city in the
south of Western Siberia, Russia, the capital and only city of the
Altai Republic. It forms urban district of the city of
Gorno-Altaysk. The city is located on the Chuisky highway right near
the north-western border with the Altai Territory. Here the Mayma
River flows into the Katun river. Thus, Gorno-Altaysk is a natural
gateway to the republic for numerous tourists and travelers who
appreciate natural resources and the beauty of Gorny Altai.
History of Gorno-Altaysk
The selo of Ulala (Улала) was established in 1824 when migrants
moved to this area from Biysk. When Oirot Autonomous Oblast was
established on June 1, 1922, Ulala became its administrative center.
On February 27, 1928, Ulala was granted town status and on June 23,
1932, it was renamed Oyrot-Tura (Ойрот-Тура). The present name was
given to the town on January 7, 1948.