Khabarovsk, Russia


Description of Khabarovsk

Khabarovsk is often considered the capital of the Far East. This is a large and rather contrasting city, located on the banks of the wide, majestic Amur, 20 kilometers from the Chinese border. Khabarovsk is the most Russian city in the Far East. Outwardly, it is a bit like the big cities of the Volga region: the same new buildings chaotically wedged into the urban landscape and the same - familiar to the Volga region, but phenomenal by Far Eastern standards - an abundance of pre-revolutionary architecture. Although Khabarovsk can not boast of either the seaside flavor of Vladivostok, or selected sights of at least national significance, it is still worth coming here, and to some extent this is inevitable: all the routes of the Khabarovsk Territory converge here.

Khabarovsk was founded in 1858 as a military post Khabarovka, named after the 17th century Russian explorer Erofey Khabarov. Since 1880 - the city of Khabarovka, the administrative center of the Primorsky region, since 1884 - the administrative center of the Amur Governor-General. It was renamed Khabarovsk in 1893.

There are five districts in Khabarovsk - Central, Industrial, Kirovsky, Krasnoflotsky and Zheleznodorozhny. The city stretches along the river for almost 40 kilometers, the historical part is located mainly in the Central District, located on three hills, the closer you get to the Amur.

It is best to explore the city on foot (if you are used to large crossings), starting from Lenin Square to the Admiral Nevelskoy embankment, along the main Muravyov-Amursky street. Along the way you can find many shops, restaurants and cafes. If you go to the embankment, then to the right of Muravyov-Amursky Street is Amursky Boulevard, to the left is Ussuriysky Boulevard. They are located in a lowland, forming the central of the hills, parallel to which are two others - with Serysheva Street (on the right) and Lenin Street (on the left). The architecture of Seryshev and Lenin streets differs from the beautiful pre-revolutionary buildings on the street. Muravyov-Amursky, and is mainly a "Stalinist" and modern building. Amursky and Ussuriysky boulevards until the 1960s. did not exist, the Cherdymovka and Plyusninka rivers flowed along the lowlands. Old "pre-revolutionary" houses can only be seen in the center and at the base of the Red Banner Amur Flotilla, Khabarovsk, in general, has "Soviet" and "post-Soviet" buildings.

In the jargon of the Far East, Khabarovsk is called “Khabara” or “Kha”.


Getting here

By plane
There are four airfields within the city: Khabarovsk-Central (or "large airfield"), Khabarovsk-New, Dynamo and Khabarovsk-MVL. For an ordinary tourist, only Khabarovsk-New and Khabarovsk-MVL are of interest, since Khabarovsk-Tsentralny is a purely departmental airfield (Air Force, Ministry of Emergency Situations, Ministry of Internal Affairs, FSB), and the Dynamo airfield belongs to the DOSAAF flying club.

1 New Airport (ICAO: UHHH, IATA: KHV). ☎ +7 (4212) 26-20-06 (inquiry), +7 (4212) 26-26-62 (ticket office). International airport "Khabarovsk-New" - out of class, and allows you to take any aircraft. It is certified according to ICAO category II and has a certificate of the highest category for flight support and infrastructure (there are only six such airports in our country). The airport annually serves about 2 million passengers and steadily holds the first place among the Far Eastern air hubs. Flights are operated throughout our vast country, the Far East region and the Khabarovsk Territory, as well as to the Asia-Pacific countries (China, Korea, Vietnam, Japan). Cargo planes fly to Amsterdam, Zhanzhou, Hong Kong, Los Angeles.
The airport is located on the northeastern outskirts, 10 kilometers from the city center.

The first stone building of the airport was built in 1954, then on the right in 1965 a new standard two-story terminal building was built, which worked until 1994, and was also closed due to the construction of a new terminal and the KDP building. Now the first old building houses the administration and customs, the second building was demolished in the fall of 2017, and a new building of the international terminal was also built. It should be noted that buses and trolleybuses depart (and arrive) from the station square opposite the former old Soviet terminal, which is somewhat inconvenient (it’s not pleasant to stomp on foot with suitcases), and a huge paid parking lot has been built opposite the new terminal. However, on the site of the demolished terminal building, it is planned to put into operation a new modern building in 2019.

From the airport to the city center can be reached by trolleybus number 1, to the railway station can be reached by bus number 35 or by taxi. From the airport, you can also take a bus to the Southern microdistrict (Industrialny district of the city) and to the Krasnoflotsky district (the base of the Red Banner Amur Flotilla).

To the left of the terminal building (opposite the international terminal) is the hotel "Aeropolis" (Matveevskoe highway 30, tel. +7 (4212) 24-34-1) - an old restored building. Quite nice, but quite expensive.

The airport and the surrounding area is under tight video surveillance. Do not even try to smoke in the wrong place or park outside the parking lot - you will certainly be exposed and punished by vigilant law enforcement officers. edit
Also in Khabarovsk there is an airport of local airlines "Khabarovsk-MVL", from where flights are made on small planes to remote northern regions of the region, which cannot be reached by land transport. This airport is located almost opposite the "New", but a kilometer closer to the city center (one bus stop). Opposite the airport, a veteran of Soviet aviation, the Mi-1 helicopter, was erected on a pedestal.

By train
The best way to get to Khabarovsk from the western regions of the country is to take a train ticket on the Trans-Siberian Railway. In Khabarovsk there is a large railway junction connecting the western, northern and southern directions of the Far East.

Since the city is located on the right bank of the Amur River, trains heading to the west or north cross the river through the famous Amur Bridge, almost 4 kilometers long (this bridge is depicted on the five thousandth banknote of the Bank of Russia). However, few people know that to duplicate the bridge under the Amur, a railway tunnel more than 7 km long was dug, which continues to be used - usually trains traveling from west to east pass through the tunnel. Frankly, when driving through this tunnel, the sensations are reminiscent of flying in an airplane - it’s scary (just imagine that there is a huge river on top) and it also lays your ears from pressure drops.

2  Railway station, Leningradskaya st. 58. ☎ +7 (4212) 38-39-40, Station Khabarovsk-1 out of class, has five boarding platforms (apron and four platforms). Passenger traffic reaches 3 million people a year. This station is a mandatory stop for all trains on the Trans-Siberian Railway.
Long-distance trains pass through the station: branded "Rossiya" Vladivostok-Moscow No. 1/2 and Vladivostok-Moscow No. 99/100, Vladivostok-Novosibirsk No. 7/8, Vladivostok-Novokuznetsk No. 207/208 (and even before 2010 the most long-distance train in the country on the route Kharkiv-Vladivostok).

"Russia" goes every other day. Travel time from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok is 13 hours, from Khabarovsk to Moscow about 5 and a half days (134 hours). The train makes a minimum number of stops along the way, sometimes the hauls last 5-6 hours.

Trains leave in the south direction: branded "Ocean" Khabarovsk-Vladivostok No. 5/6 and Khabarovsk-Pacific (Nakhodka) No. 113/114. In the western direction, trains run: Khabarovsk-Blagoveshchensk No. 35/36, Khabarovsk-Neryungri No. 325/326 and Khabarovsk-Chegdomyn No. 663/664.

To the north there is a train - branded "Yunost" Khabarovsk-Komsomolsk-on-Amur No. 667/668.

Train Vladivostok-Sovetskaya Gavan No. 351/352. This train runs from seashore to seashore in two days, in transit through Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and also crosses the Sikhote-Alin mountain system at an altitude of about 600 meters.

Trains are quite numerous, but are suitable only for short trips around the area. In the western direction, four electric trains a day reach Volochaevka, three of them reach Birobidzhan (2.5 hours), and one even reaches Obluchye on the western border of the Jewish Autonomous Region (6 hours). To the south, if you wish, you will reach the Vyazemskaya station, where you will get stuck, since there are no further electric trains: you need to change to a distant train.

The three-story building of the Khabarovsk-1 station (with a basement) was built in the style of Russian Art Nouveau (with an attic third floor in the style of Russian wooden architecture). The station is close enough to the city center, but still not in the very center: it is about two kilometers to Lenin Square. Directly in front of the station (behind the station square, about 130 meters) there is a tram stop, from which trams 1 and 2 will take you to Muravyov-Amursky Street (this is already quite the center). If there are no trams, focus on buses or minibuses following Leningradskaya Street to the east, that is, from the station to the left .. edit
In the basement of the station, there is an exit to the boarding areas, suburban ticket offices (6:00–22:00), military ticket offices, and a waiting room with several rows of metal chairs. On the ground floor of the ticket office for long-distance trains, you will also find a good and very popular dining room “Spoon” (8:00–22:00, hot dishes 60-100 rubles, there is a bar with coffee and alcohol), above which there is a more expensive and the less crowded Gustav Brasserie (11:00–24:00). The second floor of the station itself is occupied by a common waiting room (access only upon presentation of a ticket) and a superior waiting room (170 rubles for 3 hours or 240 rubles for 6 hours). Nearby are a couple of 24-hour eateries, which usually do not have an influx of visitors due to a very mediocre cuisine. Toilets are located on the ground floor.

A large grocery supermarket (8:00–23:00) is located in the Erofey Khabarov shopping complex to the right of the station on the station square (on the left if your back is to the station). In the same building is the Golden Bird fast food (7:30–23:00, Wi-Fi is announced) and, right inside the fast food, a dim bar with the mysterious name Coffeechick. The Golden Bird specializes in burgers and is fast food in the worst sense of the word, but it is freer here than in the Spoon inside the station.

Access to the platforms is via an underground passage. The transition was under reconstruction for 9 long years and was solemnly launched at the end of May 2018.

Be prepared for the fact that at the station "station prices", but in general, the price difference with the city is not big. If you are short on money, then you can democratically have a bite to eat pies in the kiosks to the left of the station near the entrance to the viaduct (on the right, if you stand with your back to the main entrance).

In addition to the station in Khabarovsk, there are at least a dozen stations and stopping points, but long-distance trains do not stop there.

By car
The city is a connecting point of the federal highways Chita - Khabarovsk, the highway R-297 (the old name is M58) "Amur"; Khabarovsk - Komsomolsk-on-Amur 08A-1, (old name P454) and Khabarovsk - Vladivostok A-370 (old name M60) "Ussuri".

If you do not want to be stuck in traffic jams, then the city can be easily and naturally bypassed in 40 minutes along the outskirts: the bridge over the Amur, then through Aviagorodok, Topolevo - to Komsomolskoye Highway. If you need to go to Komsomolsk-on-Amur or Vanino, then continue straight ahead until you get to road 08A-1, and if you are moving south (in Primorye), you can turn sharply to the right after Topolevo, or in Vostochny, Chernaya river or Sergeevka, and go along any of the country roads (they are all quite normal) keeping the general direction to the village. Ilyinka, after which there will be an interchange and access to the A-370 road.

The construction of a modern bypass road has begun, which, obviously, will run from the airport interchange through Garovka, and go beyond the village. Ilyinka, a couple of kilometers to the interchange on the Vladivostok highway.

By bus
3  Bus station, st. Voronezhskaya, 19. ☎ +7(4212)56-39-09 (inquiry), +7 (4212) 56-31-93 (control room), +7 (4212) 56-38-32 (ticket office).

From the bus station there are round-the-clock flights to Birobidzhan, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Amursk, Sovetskaya Gavan, Vyazemsky, Bikin, as well as to other settlements of the Khabarovsk Territory. Developed suburban communication.

By bus, you can go to Primorye - in the village. Luchegorsk, the cities of Vladivostok, Lesozavodsk, Ussuriysk, Arseniev, Dalnegorsk.

The station is a nondescript typical Soviet two-story building. On the ground floor there are cash registers, waiting areas, luggage rooms and eateries, almost the entire second floor is given over to retail outlets. The exit to the boarding platform is behind the station (you can go through the building). On the forecourt square there are trading stalls of various kinds. Buses leave every few minutes during the day. Buses are announced over loudspeakers. On private buses operating under the banner of "tourist", boarding may not be announced, so keep track of the bus for boarding on your own, otherwise you can easily not leave. When boarding the bus, passengers are registered, the missing ones are called by phone (if you are asked for a phone number when buying a ticket, do not refuse to dictate it).

To the right of the bus station there is a hotel of the Five Stars travel company.

In a small square near the station building there is a monument to the dead prisoners of war.

In general, the Khabarovsk bus station makes a rather unpleasant impression due to chronic dirt, an abundance of dubious personalities, low-quality food and nightmarishly dense traffic on the adjacent Voronezhskaya Street. It does its job well, but nothing more.

On a boat
4  River station, st. Shevchenko, 1 (at the beginning of Ussuri Boulevard).
In Fuyuan, a Chinese village 65 km from Khabarovsk, hydrofoils "Polesie" regularly go there, "shuttles" usually go there.

There is no passenger navigation up the Amur (to Blagoveshchensk).

Vacationers and guests of Khabarovsk can take a walk along the Amur on the motor ship "Moskva" (within 1.5-2 hours). In Khabarovsk, a network of suburban river routes has been developed (to the left-bank garden plots).


Getting around

There are several tram routes in the city. For tourists, the following information is of interest:
Tram number 1 from the railway station goes along Amur Boulevard, turns left along the street. Sheronov, crosses the street. Muravyov-Amursky, Lenin and goes along the street. Krasnorechenskaya to the Industrial district to the stop. Khimfarmzavod, in fact, before leaving the city on the Ussuri highway (Khabarovsk - Vladivostok).
Tram number 2 almost completely repeats the route of tram number 1; in the Industrial District, it turns off the street. Krasnorechenskaya and goes to the stop. "Roofing material plant" (a microdistrict of the city called "The Fifth Site" or the village of thermal power plant No. 1).
Tram number 5 from the railway station goes along Amur Boulevard, after the stop. "Market" turns onto the street. Dzhambul and sent to the Krasnoflotsky district (KAF base).

The only trolleybus route No. 1 goes from the Airport along Karl Marx and Muravyov-Amursky streets to Komsomolskaya Square (where there is an embankment and a street with museums).

There are many buses and taxis.
It should be noted that bus number 1 goes "in a circle." Route 1C starts at the railway station, goes along the street. Serysheva, then at the end of the street. Seryshev near the stadium. Lenina turns onto Komsomolskaya street, exits onto st. Muravyov-Amursky, to Komsomolskaya Square, then along the street. Turgenev goes to and st. Lenin. Goes all over the street. Lenin and further along the street. Leningradskaya returns to the railway station. Route 1L from the railway station goes along the street. Lenin in the opposite direction (to the railway station, respectively).

Destination, T=Trolleybus
Airport 18, 35, T1
Botanical Garden 9, 25, 29, 33, 54
Museum of City History 1, 54, 56, 57
Komsomolskaya Square 1, 9, 14, 19, 29, 34, 38, 55, 56, T1
Lenin Square 14, 19, 21, 29, 34, 38, 55, 56, T1
Railway station 1, 6, 7, 11, 13, 20, 22, 24, 26, 34, 35, 54, 57
Glory Square 1, 9, 29, 33, 34, 56



Museums in the center of Khabarovsk

There is an amazing area of museums, on Shevchenko Street, which starts behind the Cathedral on Komsomolskaya Square. We must go towards the river and without going down to the embankment, go towards the stadium. Lenin. Museums are not only among the best in the Far East, but also in the country as a whole. They are located in impressive pre-revolutionary buildings. After viewing the museums, you can safely walk along the embankment and share your impressions in good company over a glass of beer in numerous cafes on the embankment.

Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N. I. Grodekov, st. Shevchenko 11. Large Museum of Local Lore, has several branches around the region. It was founded on April 19, 1894 on the initiative of the Amur Department of the Russian Geographical Society. By 1900, its present building was built for the museum, in front of which a Jurchen stone turtle weighing 6400 kg, transported a few years earlier from Ussuriysk at the initiative of the archaeologist F.F. Busse, was installed. The museum contains a large and versatile information, objects and products on the history of the Far East and the Khabarovsk Territory. In a special hall of the museum, a panorama of the Battle of Volochaev is deployed - one of the five panoramas in Russia. In Khabarovsk, there used to be a geological museum, which was liquidated in 2007. After the construction of the third building of the local history museum, all the exhibits of the geological museum were moved there. Collection of minerals from the Far East, fragments of the Sikhote-Alin meteorite, as well as samples of lunar soil. Amur fish swim in aquariums.
Far Eastern Art Museum. The art of the ancient world, the countries of Western Europe and the peoples of the East, Russian pre-revolutionary and Soviet art, as well as the art of the indigenous peoples of the Far North and the Far East.
Military History Museum of the Eastern (Far Eastern) Military District, st. Shevchenko 20. History of formation and development of the Soviet Army in the Far East. Here, in an open area, samples of weapons and military equipment from different years are presented, including the BT-7 tank, one of the few surviving specimens in the world. Unfortunately, the staff has been severely reduced, so the museum is only open to the public on weekends. Entrance for children is free.
Archaeological Museum. Okladnikova, st. Turgenev, 86. A branch of the Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N. I. Grodekov, located in a two-story mansion.


Other museums

Museum of the History of the Far Eastern Railway, st. Vladivostokskaya, 40. ☎ +7 (4212) 383 035. Mon-Fri 9:00–17:00. A small museum that tells about the history and construction of the Far Eastern Railway.
Exhibition Hall named after Fedotov, st. Karl Marx, 47. ☎ +7 7(4212) 211 154. Temporary exhibitions of professional artists, sculptors, designers from the Far East. Exhibitions change every month.
Museum of the History of Khabarovsk, st. Lenina, 85 (near the stop Energomash). ☎ +7 (4212) 412 706. 150 rubles. The youngest museum in Khabarovsk, opened in 2004. Tells the history of the formation of Khabarovsk from the very beginning to the present day. The collection consists mainly of household items, photographs and documents.
Museum of the Amur River Shipping Company.
Museum of the Amur Bridge, st. VOHR 1a. for free. The open-air museum was organized on the initiative of the Far Eastern Railway during the construction and reconstruction of the railway bridge across the Amur. Located in the Krasnoflotsky district. Visitors can take a walk along the old "royal" railway span, preserved after the reconstruction of the bridge over the Amur, see rare steam locomotives and wagons. A 1:2 replica of the building of the old railway station of Vyazemskaya station was built, in which the exposition is deployed - this is the building of the Amur Bridge Museum.


Other attractions

Arboretum, st. Volochaevskaya, 71. ✉ ☎ +7 (4212) 22 34 01. Free entry. Founded in 1896 as an experimental laboratory, it has grown into a 12-hectare botanical garden. A great place where you can walk among 800 species of trees, bushes and flowers from almost every continent.
Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral, Turgeneva, 24 (near the House of Radio). ☎ +7 (4212) 21-57-59. Christianity lives in the Far East, and this church with golden domes is proof of that. Built in 2004, the 83-meter high temple is the third highest in Russia. The Khabarovsk seminary is located next to the cathedral. Opposite is the Eternal Flame memorial overlooking the Amur River. All this is called the Square of Glory.
Amur Zoo named after V.P. Sysoev, p. Voronezhskoe-2, st. Molodyozhnaya 18 (Travel by bus number 114 to the Voronezhskoye-2 stop and further down the road to the village). ☎ +7 (4212) 647-556. winter 10:00–18:00, summer 10:00–19:00. from 150 rub. The Far Eastern capital is unthinkable without zoos. Vsevolod Sysoev Zoo was opened in 2002. This little corner of life has about 40 kinds of animals. Most of the animals represent regional fauna; among them are Ussuri tigers, bears and Far Eastern leopards.


What to do

1 Beach of Khabarovsk (city beach). As shown in the photo, the city beach and the embankment. admiral nevelskoy are very popular in summer days. Swimming is prohibited, but who stops it? Do not swim far away - the current of the river is quite strong.
2  Park Dynamo, Karla Marksa, 62 (South side of Karla Marksa Street, slightly north of Lenin Square). Quite an attractive park with an area of about 30 hectares. Very popular with locals on summer weekends. There are three artificial ponds in the lower part of the park, in the middle pond you can ride water bikes, visit a cafe over the water in the form of a "Flying Saucer", admire the fountains of the lower pond. In the upper pond, fountains with color music and a laser show work at night. Swimming in the ponds is prohibited. Near the ponds there are wooden sculptures depicting heroes of fairy tales and legends, sculptures of heroes from Soviet animated films: “Well, you wait!”, “The Bremen Town Musicians”, “Gena the Crocodile”. In summer, there are many cafes and beer establishments. Across the road from the upper pond is the home arena of the local Amur hockey team, which plays in the Continental Hockey League.
3  Children's Park named after. Arcadia Gaidar, st. Leo Tolstoy, 2. A small park opposite Dynamo Park. For children and their parents. Small trains, small roller coasters, swings and other interesting attractions, there are also children's cafes with ice cream and other delicious things. If you have small children, then you should visit the park. Gaidar.
4  Platinum Arena. The main sports and concert center, the training base of the Amur hockey team. The Platinum Arena also hosts performances by Russian and foreign artists and musical groups.

5 Khabarovsk Regional Musical Theatre, Karl Marx, 64 (near Dynamo Park). ☎ +7 (4212) 22-70-21. The oldest theater in Khabarovsk, staged classical and modern operettas and musical comedies. Until 1977, the theater worked in the building of the regional philharmonic society. Visiting artists also perform in this theater, solemn city and regional events are held.
Khabarovsk Regional Theater of Drama and Comedy, st. Dzerzhinsky, 44 (crossroads of Dzerzhinsky and Muravyov-Amursky streets). In 1933-1946. - Club of the NKVD. The House of the Commune (an architectural monument of regional importance) was attached to the theater building.
Khabarovsk Regional Theater for Young Spectators, st. Muravyov-Amur house 10 and 12.
Khabarovsk Regional Puppet Theatre, st. Lenina, 35.
6 "Triada" pantomime theater, st. Lenina, 27 (at the intersection of Dzerzhinsky and Lenin streets). ☎ (4212) 31-31-81. This theater was founded in the late 80s. The name comes from the Greek word Trinity, which means to combine the three goals of pantomime: to laugh, cry and awaken, through simple entertainment shows to achieve a deep philosophical meaning. In addition to shows, pantomime, this theater shows comedies with clowns and traditional performances. The hall accommodates 90 people.
White Theatre. ☎ +7 (4212) 30-47-91. A small chamber theater for the intellectual spectator.

7 Khabarovsk Regional Philharmonic, st. Shevchenko, 7. ✉
8  Khabarovsk circus, Krasnorechenskaya, 120 (On the territory of the park named after Yuri Gagarin). ☎ +7 (4212) 36-56-22. Performances: Fri 16; Sat-Sun: 12 & 16. 60 rubles. A few years ago, a new building for the Khabarovsk Circus was built in the Industrial District. Often troupes come from all over Russia, even from China, sometimes they bring trained animals with them.


Festivals and events

Ice Fantasy. ✉ ☎ +7 (4212) 628 088. The annual ice sculpture competition has been held every year since 2001. Gathers enough famous ice sculptors from all over the world. Worth a look if you are in Khabarovsk in January.
Festival of military brass bands "Amur Waves". Passes in May.
May Day demonstration.
Night at the museum. It takes place around May 18th - International Museum Day.
Night at the theatre. It takes place around June 11 - the birthday of the Khabarovsk Youth Theater.
Day of the city. May 31. Festive procession, other various events, fireworks.
Khabarovsk international exhibition-fair. In the building of the athletics arena at the stadium. Lenin annually hosts several thematic exhibitions-fairs. Topics: "For you women!" (before March 8), "6 acres", "Spring festival of tourism, sports and recreation", "Timber industry of the Far East", "Furniture, cottage", "Energy of the Far East region", "Architecture of the Far East region", "City, ecology ”, “Transport of the Far East Region”, “World of Medicine”, “Education, Science, Culture”, “Dalagropischeprom”, “New Year's Gift”.



TSUM - Central department store of Khabarovsk, Muravyov-Amursky, 23 (Approximately in the middle between Lenin Square and Komsomolskaya Square). ☎ +7 (4217) 304 195. from 9:00 to 7:00. Three-story building, renovated a few years ago. Offers high end shopping experience. Fashion, electronics, watches, perfumes and other goods.
Art Salon, Muravyov-Amursky, 15. ☎ +7 (4212) 311 921. 10:00-19:00. Artistic crafts of local craftsmen, artists. You can buy souvenirs (matryoshka dolls, fridge magnets, etc.). Good selection of Khokhloma and jewelry.
Secrets of the craft, Muravyov-Amursky, 17. ☎ +7 (4212) 327 385. 10:00-19:00. The next building after the art salon is located in the building where the City Duma was located before the revolution, and in Soviet times the Palace of Pioneers. It is the best place to buy souvenirs for your friends and family. There are products made by craftsmen - representatives of small indigenous peoples of the Far East.
Shopping center NK-City, Karla Marksa, 76. ☎ +7 (4212) 327 385. 10:00-20:00. A five-story building near the Karl Marx - Leningradskaya transport interchange, on the 5th floor there is a Majestic cinema.
Joy Shops, Kim Yu Chen St., 44. Shopping center, from 10:00 to 22:00
Shopping center "South Park", Suvorov, 25. 10:00-20:00. Located in the Southern microdistrict, on the 3rd floor there is an entertainment center "Atmosfera".
Shopping center "Big Bear" (near the transport interchange of Karl Marx - Bolshaya).



Local restaurants and cafes offer mainly traditional Russian cuisine, as well as the proximity of Asian countries - there are Chinese, Japanese and Korean restaurants. There is some Italian cuisine.

Golden Bird. ☎ +7 (4212) 25 44 64. 100-300 rubles. A chain of fast food cafes similar to Rostik's-KFC. They are located in all districts of the city: Muravyov-Amursky, 35; Muravyov-Amursky, 7; Dikopoltseva, 56.
Crap. 100-300 rubles. Another chain of fast food cafes, as the name suggests, the main dish is pancakes. Some of the addresses: Muravyov-Amursky, 44; Muravyov-Amursky, 9

Average cost
1  Chile, Leningradskaya, 23. ☎ +7 (4212) 38 19 19. from 400 rubles. Steaks, fish, fajitos, burritos and tacos - in general, Mexican cuisine.
2 Green Plaza, Moskovskaya, 6. ☎ +7 (4212) 39 19 93. from 400 rubles. Great cafe with Korean food.


Chocolate, Turgenev, 74 (on Komsomolskaya Square). ☎ 420 097. Stylish, modern cafe with dishes from all over the world, good coffee and free internet access. A DJ plays at night.
R-Cafe, Pushkin, 52 (on Lenin Square.). ☎ +7 (4212) 610 233. 10:00 -24:00. 700-2000 rubles. Quite a varied menu, excellent design. Alcoholic drinks are quite expensive.
Scalini, Muravyova-Amurskogo, 18. ☎ +7 (4212) 305 837. Rather expensive prices, but a good Italian restaurant, looks a bit pretentious, but excellent service gives any restaurant a head start.
Russki Restaurant, Ussuri Boulevard, 9. ☎ +7 7 (4212) 306 587. 12:00-01:00. 600-900 rubles. Russian - what can I say? This is what you expect from a Russian restaurant - comfortable booths - dacha, waiters dressed up in traditional clothes, and live Russian traditional music always plays in one of the four halls. Even if you don’t like it, you will definitely like the dishes: pancakes, borscht, salmon or meat in a hot skillet. After the meal - tea from a traditional samovar.


Night life

If the weather allows, and it's not too late, then you should not go to bars or clubs - but go straight to the Admiral Nevelskoy Embankment - in the summer there is live music and all the fun of Khabarovsk is located on the embankment. Since 2011, the sale of alcohol (including beer) on the Amur embankment has been prohibited. But there is free Wi-Fi.

Sky, st. Turgenev, 46, 5th floor. ☎ +7 (4212) 613 959.
Cafe "Sense", st. Postysheva, 22a. ☎ +7 (4212) 452 010. Cafe that offers great coffee. Sometimes there is live music. Free WiFi.
Night club "Velikano", st. Zaparin, 67a. ☎ +7 (4212) 326 390. Thu and Sun 21:00-3:00, Fri and Sat 21:00-6:00. entrance 150-350 rubles. Popular music of the 90s, Russian pop. Two dance floors.
Night club "Heart", St. Sheronova 7. ☎ +7 (4212) 62-62-01. Located in a former bomb shelter.



Average cost
1 Hotel and entertainment complex "Abrikol", Voronezhskaya, 138. ✉ ☎ (4212) 41-60-70. The cost of a room is from 2,500 to 5,000 rubles.
2  Hotel complex "Erofey", Station, 2. ✉ ☎ (4212) 56-88-55. The cost of a room is from 2,100 to 4,100 rubles.
3   Onega hotel complex, Shelesta, 69a. ✉ ☎ (4212) 76-32-32. The cost of a room is from 2,200 to 4,000 rubles.
4  Hotel complex "Tourist", Karl Marx, 67 / Sinelnikova, 9. ✉ ☎ (4212) 43-96-74. The cost of the room is from 1,860 to 5,300 rubles.

5 Boutique Hotel "Khabarovsk City", Istomina, 64. ✉ ☎ (4212) 76-76-76. The cost of the room is from 3,500 to 10,000 rubles.
6 Hotel and entertainment complex "Royal", Vyborgskaya, 97. ☎ (4212) 60-34-34.
7  Hotel and entertainment complex "Ali", Mukhina, 17. ✉ ☎ (4212) 21-78-88. The cost of the room is from 2,200 to 11,000 rubles.
8 Hotel and entertainment complex "Olympic", Dikopoltseva, 26a. ☎ (4212) 41-74-74. The cost of the room is from 3,900 to 17,000 rubles.
9  Hotel complex "Amur", Lenina, 29 / Dzerzhinsky, 2. ✉ ☎ (4212) 22-12-23. The cost of the room is from 3,000 to 15,000 rubles.
10 Versailles Hotel Complex, Amursky Boulevard, 46a. ✉ ☎ (4212) 65-92-22. The cost of the room is from 2,500 to 7,000 rubles.
11  Intourist hotel complex, Amur Boulevard, 2. ✉ ☎ (4212) 31-23-13. The cost of the room is from 3,000 to 8,200 rubles.
12  Hotel complex "Parus", Shevchenko, 5. ✉ Rates from 5,700 to 15,000 rubles.
13 Sapporo Hotel, Komsomolskaya, 79 (entrance from Komsomolskaya street). ✉ ☎ +7 (4212)30-67-45. around the clock. The cost of a room is from 3,200 to 7,700 rubles. Cozy business class mini-hotel, located in the historical and cultural center of the city, with convenient parking.
14  Hotel complex "Khabarovsk", Volochaevskaya street, 118. ☎ +74212420223. around the clock. 2500. The building of the hotel complex was built immediately after the war, in 1947-1948, and was awarded some kind of architectural prize. It is noteworthy that hotels have always been located here - starting with the very first, "Sever". The current hotel complex Khabarovsk was opened on October 24, 2005. It includes a hotel of 42 rooms: single (Single), single standard (Single room), double (Twin / Double), apartments (Apartmens), suite (Suite), deluxe (Delux), as well as a restaurant with 60 seats and a summer cafe for guests. The restaurant for 60 people has two halls with a unique atmosphere and cuisines - Azerbaijani, European and classical Russian. Azerbaijani cuisine, which is emphasized in the restaurant, is represented by chefs from Baku.



Fixed telephone connection
Landline telephones in Khabarovsk have six-digit numbers, in the international format - +7 (4212) XX-XX-XX, where +7 is the code of Russia, 4212 is the code of Khabarovsk.

Mobile telephony
All major Russian mobile operators operate in Khabarovsk:

Megaphone. Mon-Fri 09:00-20:00; Sat, Sun 10:00-19:00.
MTS, Muravyov Amursky, 31. ☎ 8 800 333 0890. 9:00-21:00.
YOTA. from 290 rubles
You can top up your account or sign a new contract in one of the many mobile phone stores on the streets of the city.

Post offices
Postal codes of Khabarovsk look like 680ххх.

Main post office, st. Muravyov Amursky, 28 (in the middle between Lenin Square and Komsomolskaya Square). Daily 08:00-21:00.
A complete list of post offices in Khabarovsk can be found here:

Access to the Internet
Main post office, st. Muravyov Amursky, 28D. 10:00–20:00. 50 rubles per hour., Moscow, 7. ✉ ☎ (4212) 41-18-18. 10:00–22:00.
Time in Khabarovsk differs from Moscow by 7 hours.


Precautionary measures

Khabarovsk is a fairly safe city, although the usual precautions should not be forgotten: in particular, avoid visiting remote and industrial areas at night. You can also run into trouble in the area of \u200b\u200bthe railway and bus stations.

In winter, good warm clothing is required - winter in the city is quite cold and windy, daytime temperatures in January usually exceed -20 degrees. Summers are hot and humid, and during the summer months in the city there is just a huge number of blood-sucking insects - midges and horseflies. Locals indifferently consider them a necessary evil ...

In the spring and early summer, you need to take care of protection against the encephalitis tick if you are going to travel outside the city. Measures include various repellents and vaccinations.

In the historical center, it is forbidden to cross the road on some streets if you just walk along the sidewalk. It is supposed to go to the opposite side, cross the intersection, and return back. The police can stop you for this.



It was founded on May 31 according to the old style (June 12 according to the new style) in 1858 as the post of Khabarovka by the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia Nikolai Muravyov, named after the Russian explorer of the 17th century Yerofey Khabarov. The first builder is the commander of the 13th Siberian linear battalion, Captain Yakov Dyachenko. Since 1880 - the city of Khabarovka, the administrative center of the Primorsky region, since 1884 - the administrative center of the Amur Governor-General. It was renamed Khabarovsk in 1893.

On November 15, 1922, as part of the Far Eastern Republic, it became part of the RSFSR. Since 1926, the city has been the administrative center of the Far Eastern Territory, since 1938 - the Khabarovsk Territory. From May 13, 2000 to December 13, 2018, the city was the administrative center of the Far Eastern Federal District.


Physical and geographical characteristics


Khabarovsk is in the MSK+7 time zone. The offset of the applicable time from UTC is +10:00. In accordance with the applied time and geographic longitude, the average solar noon in Khabarovsk occurs at 13:00.


Geographical position

The city is located in Asia, in the southern part of the Middle Amur lowland, not far from the confluence of the Amur and Ussuri rivers, about 17 km from the State border of Russia to the city limits. The area of the city is 37.2 thousand hectares, the length along the banks of the Amur and the Amur channel is 33 kilometers. The average width is 10 km (from the right bank of the Pemzenskaya channel opposite the village of Vladimirovka to the village named after Gorky (as part of the Zheleznodorozhny district) - about 24 km).

It is located on the elevated right bank of the Amur, the relief of which is varied and complex. The central part of Khabarovsk stretches on gentle ridges with absolute marks of 70-90 meters above sea level and relative elevations of 20-30 meters. The distance to Moscow is 8237 km, and to Vladivostok - 750 km.



Khabarovsk is located in the monsoonal Far Eastern region of the temperate climate zone. This region has a temperate monsoonal climate. Winter is snowy and cold. Summers are hot and humid.

The average January temperature is −19.2 °C,
The average temperature in July is +21.4 °C,
The average annual temperature is +2.7 °C,

An absolute minimum of -43 °C was recorded in January 1922, and on January 14, 2011, the temperature dropped to -40 °C. The absolute maximum of +36.7 °C was in June 2010. In June 2008, the temperature reached +35.1 °C, which was the temperature record for June, but on June 27, 2010, the record was broken by 1.6 degrees and amounted to +36.7 °C.

An average of 696 mm of precipitation falls annually. The maximum amount of precipitation per day - 121.2 mm - was recorded in July 1985. The maximum amount of precipitation for the month fell in August 1981 and amounted to 434 mm.

The number of sunny days per year is significantly higher than in many large Russian cities (up to 300 days per year; in Moscow and St. Petersburg - about 100). This is due to the dominance of the Siberian anticyclone in winter, due to which, from November to March, very dry and frosty continental air sets in over the city with clear and sunny weather.

The World Meteorological Organization has decided that it is necessary to calculate two climate normals: the climatological standard and the reference one. The climatological standard normal is updated every ten years, and the reference normal covers the period from 1961 to 1990.


History of Khabarovsk

Foundation of the city

Until the middle of the 19th century, the territory of present-day Khabarovsk, in accordance with the Nerchinsk Treaty, was located on neutral territory, not delimited between the Qing Empire and the Russian. In 1858, in the Chinese city of Aigun, negotiations began between representatives of the Qing Empire and the Russian Empire to determine the ownership of the disputed territories. From the Russian side, they were led by the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia, Nikolai Nikolayevich Muravyov, from the Chinese side, by the Amur commander-in-chief Ishan. On May 16 (28), 1858, the Aigun Treaty was signed, according to which the entire left bank of the Amur passed into the possession of the Russian Empire, the right bank to the Ussuri River passed into the possession of China, and the Ussuri Territory from the confluence of the Ussuri into the Amur to the sea was declared to be in common ownership” until the boundaries are determined.

After the signing of the agreement, by order of Muravyov, the 13th Siberian linear battalion under the command of Captain Yakov Dyachenko was sent to establish settlements along the Amur. In the order, Yakov Dyachenko was entrusted with "management of the 2nd department of the Amur line, to which our settlements along the Ussuri join under the public command of the military governor of the Primorsky region, Rear Admiral Kazakevich." Muravyov arrived at the Ust-Ussuri post of Kazakevichev on May 31 (June 12), 1858 and became convinced of the insufficiency of the territory to accommodate the village near the mouth of the Ussuri River, choosing another place indicated to Muravyov in February 1854 by G. I. Nevelsky.

June 12 is considered the founding day of Khabarovsk and is celebrated as City Day according to tradition on May 31 in the old style.



The guard team in Khabarovka appeared after the Nominal Decree of the Russian Emperor Alexander II of April 18 (30), 1867.

In 1864, the military topographer Mikhail Lyubensky made the first plan for the development of the future city, along which Beregovaya (now Shevchenko Street) became the central street. By 1865, there were 1,294 residents in Khabarovka - mostly soldiers and officers of the 13th East Siberian linear battalion. Three ridges of the distant spurs of the Sikhote-Alin became the historical part of the urban development, where the first streets, the first quarters appeared. The first inhabitants called them "mountains" - Military Mountain (now Seryshev Street), Artillery Mountain (now Lenin Street) and Srednyaya Mountain (now Muravyov-Amursky Street).

Initially, military buildings were built in Khabarovka. Already five years after its founding, there were 167 buildings in Khabarovka, among them - the house of a military leader, a barracks, food warehouses, residential buildings and trading shops. Due to its very convenient location at the confluence of the Amur and Ussuri rivers, Khabarovka began to develop very quickly. Following the military settlers, civilians began to arrive - among them were natives of Transbaikalia, Siberia, Orenburg, Perm, Kazan, Kursk, Nizhny Novgorod, Kiev, Bessarabia and Ryazan provinces, Moscow and St. Petersburg. The military and officials usually came to Khabarovka for several years for preferential service and promotion. Soldiers, Cossacks, merchants, craftsmen and peasants remained for a long time or forever. The main occupations at this time were fur and fishing and non-equivalent exchange with the natives; these occupations were considered very profitable business, attracting many people. The settlers were provided with fertile lands free of charge, which also contributed to the movement of new residents to Khabarovka.

Administratively, Khabarovka was subordinate to the Sofia District with the center in the city of Sofiysk (now a village), which was part of the Primorsky Region of the East Siberian Governor General. At the end of the 1860s, the Amur Engineering Distance was located in Khabarovka, in the 1870s the artillery facilities were transferred there, whose buildings are still preserved in the city.

By 1880, that is, 22 years after its founding, Khabarovka was already a fairly large settlement in the Primorsky region - 2036 people lived in it; of these, 47.3% were military, 23% were bourgeois, 21.3% were foreigners (mainly Chinese workers), 1.4% were representatives of the indigenous population, and 7% were officers, clergy, merchants, and industrialists. The capital of the region at that time was Nikolaevsk, but Khabarovka had a more advantageous geographical position, as it was at the crossroads of all communications from Vladivostok and the coast. On April 28 (May 10), 1880, the settlement of Khabarovka was appointed the center of the Primorsky region and transformed into a city. Four years later, on June 16 (28), 1884, the East Siberian General Government was divided into the Irkutsk General Government and the Amur Region, with Khabarovka as its administrative center.



On October 21 (November 2), 1893, the city was renamed Khabarovsk.

On September 1 (13), 1897, the first train left the Khabarovsk railway station - the Ussuri railway was brought to Khabarovsk along the Ussuri River, connecting it with Vladivostok. The population of the city at that time was 14,900 people. On July 30 (August 12), 1913, near Khabarovsk, the construction of the Bridge of the heir to Tsarevich Alexei Nikolayevich across the Amur River was solemnly laid. October 5 (18), 1916 - the construction of a railway bridge across the Amur was completed with a grand opening - Khabarovsk was connected by the Amur Railway with Eastern Siberia.


Revolution and civil war (1917-1922)

After the February Revolution, on March 4 (17), 1917, the Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies was elected for the first time in Khabarovsk. In the fall of 1917, elections were held for bodies new to the Far East - zemstvos. Most of them received mainly Socialist-Revolutionaries. Far Eastern zemstvos immediately began to lay claim to political power. They were in charge of not only issues of everyday life, but also law enforcement agencies. Immediately after the elections, the public security committees were disbanded and the zemstvos actually became the new authorities.

On December 6 (19), 1917, Khabarovsk was captured by the Red Guard detachments of the Khabarovsk Dalsovnarkom, after which the 3rd Congress of Soviets of the Far East took place in the city from December 12 to 20, proclaiming Soviet power throughout the Far East. The Far Eastern Regional Committee of the Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies and Self-Governments was also elected, and the Bolshevik A. M. Krasnoshchekov became its chairman.

In September 1918, under the pressure of the advance of Ataman Ivan Kalmykov and Japanese troops, Dalsovnarkom was evacuated from Khabarovsk. On September 5, 1918, the city passed into the hands of a detachment of the White Guard ataman Ivan Kalmykov, united with the Czech units of General Mikhail Diterikhs and with the support of the 12th Japanese division. Parts of Kalmykov controlled the Trans-Siberian Railway from Nikolsk-Ussuriysky to Khabarovsk. Kalmykov in his reign relied on the Japanese and was in conflict with the commander of the American expeditionary forces, General William Graves, whose troops guarded the Trans-Siberian Railway in the area from Vladivostok to Nikolsk-Ussuriysky.

January 28, 1919 - the uprising of the Cossack hundreds against Ataman Kalmykov was suppressed, the rebels were sent to the American filtration camp on the Red River. May 10, 1919 - officers and cadets, led by captain Epov, declare Kalmykov mentally disabled. Their uprising is put down the next day. February 13, 1920 - after the defeat of Alexander Kolchak and the evacuation of the interventionists from Primorye, Ataman Kalmykov left for Manchuria.

February 16, 1920 - the forces of the Red partisans entered the city. March 11, 1920 - The Khabarovsk City Duma recognized the authority of the Primorsky Regional Zemstvo Council.

April 5, 1920 - during an unexpected performance of the Japanese imperial army, Khabarovsk became the scene of fierce battles between the Japanese and partisan forces.

August 22, 1920 - The Khabarovsk City Duma proclaimed the Khabarovsk district an independent Khabarovsk Republic. The republic was liquidated the next day by the authorities of the Far Eastern Republic.

December 21, 1921 - Khabarovsk was occupied by the troops of the Amur Provisional Government under the command of General Viktorin Molchanov, who received the name of the Rebel White Army. Then they went on the defensive. On February 5-14, 1922, as a result of the Volochaev battle, Molchanov’s detachments were defeated and retreated to Primorye, and Khabarovsk was occupied by detachments of the People’s Revolutionary Army of the Far Eastern Republic under the command of Vasily Blucher.

November 14, 1922 - after the liquidation of the Far Eastern Republic, Khabarovsk became part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.


Years of Soviet power (1922-1991)

April 20, 1923 - the first plenum of the permanent Khabarovsk City Council was solemnly opened. December 6, 1923 - the administrative center of the Far East was transferred to Khabarovsk from Chita. January 4, 1926 - the Far Eastern Territory was formed with the center in Khabarovsk - the population of the city is about 52 thousand people. May 18, 1930 - Khabarovsk was separated into an independent administrative-territorial unit.

In 1931, in a psychiatric hospital in the city of Khabarovsk, Arkady Gaidar wrote "The Tale of the Military Secret, of Malchish-Kibalchish and his firm word" (later part of the story "Military Secret").

On October 19, 1932, the first Khabarovsk airfield was opened (now the territory of the 1st microdistrict)

1934-1939 - the administrative center of the Khabarovsk region of the Far Eastern Territory. On September 14, 1938, the Khabarovsk Pedagogical Institute (now the Far Eastern State University for the Humanities (FEGGU) was opened. On October 20, 1938, the city was given the status of the administrative center of the Khabarovsk Territory. On August 15, 1940, through the Volochaevka II station, Khabarovsk was connected by rail with Komsomolsk-on-Amur.

Since June 1940, the administration of the Far Eastern Front was stationed in Khabarovsk, since August 1945 - the headquarters of the High Command of the Soviet troops in the Far East (Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vasilevsky) and the administration of the 1st Far Eastern Front.

In 1954, the Khabarovsk CHPP-1 was put into operation. November 5, 1956 - the first stage of the city tram was put into operation. On September 1, 1967, the Khabarovsk Institute of Physical Education (now the Far Eastern State Academy of Physical Culture (FEGAPC) was opened. On September 1, 1968, the Khabarovsk State Institute of Arts and Culture (KhGIIK) was opened. In 1975, the first stage of the city trolleybus was put into operation.


Modern period

In 1996, the first mayoral elections in the history of the city took place in Khabarovsk. They were won by Pavel Dmitrievich Filippov, whose candidacy was supported by Governor Viktor Ishaev. In May 2000, in accordance with the decree of the President of Russia V.V. Putin, federal districts were formed in the Russian Federation. Khabarovsk became the center of the Far Eastern Federal District.

In 2010, the city received the second place in the Forbes rating as a favorable city in Russia for doing business, losing the championship to Krasnodar.

The city has repeatedly taken first place among the administrative centers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the competition for the title of "The most comfortable city in Russia" for 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2012. According to a study conducted in 2012 by the Public Chamber, Khabarovsk was recognized as the most expensive city in Russia to live in.

In late summer - early autumn 2013, Khabarovsk was hit by a flood, which became the strongest for the entire observation period since 1897.

On December 13, 2018, by decree of President Vladimir Putin, the center of the Far Eastern Federal District was moved from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok.

On July 9, 2020, the governor of the region Sergey Furgal was detained in Khabarovsk, who was charged with organizing contract killings. Disagreement with the actions of the security forces and the personal popularity of the governor became the reasons for the most massive protests in Khabarovsk in the history of the city.




JSC "Dalhimfarm"
OJSC "Dalmostostroy"
Amur Shipping Company Group of Companies (part of the RFP Group holding)
OOO Transneft Far East
JSC NNK-Khabarovsknefteprodukt
JSC NNK Khabarovsk Oil Refinery
Khabarovsk shipbuilding plant
OAO Khabarovsk Distillery (part of the Beluga Group) ceased operations
OJSC "Far East Research Institute of Shipbuilding Technology"
OJSC Dalenergomontazh, part of OJSC E4 Group
OJSC "Dalenergomash"
LLC Artel Prospectors "Amur" (group "Russian Platinum")
OAO Artel Prospectors "Vostok"
Rimbunan Hijau LLC
LLC "Khabarovsk Pipe Plant"
OAO Maslozhirkombinat "Khabarovsk"
OJSC "Khabarovsk Khladokombinat"
JSC "Khabarovsk plant of detergents"
JSC "Khabarovsk house-building plant"
OAO Baby Food Plant "Molochny Krai"
JSC Zavod "Taiga"



Electricity and heat energy for the city is generated by Khabarovsk CHPP-1, CHPP-2 and CHPP-3. At the moment, all thermal stations are connected to gas supply (gas pipelines Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok and Oktyabrsky-Khabarovsk). Gas transportation organizations - Gazprom transgaz Tomsk and Daltransgaz, Gas supply and gas distribution organization - Gazprom gas distribution Far East.



According to the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory, there are 119 tour operators in the Khabarovsk Territory included in the unified federal register.

There are about forty hotels in Khabarovsk, designed for different social levels of the population.



There are five mobile operators in the city: MTS, Beeline, MegaFon, Yota and Tele2. All of them provide services in the LTE (4G) standard, four in 3G (except for Tele2).

Telephone numbering is six digits. The area code is 4212. Fixed-line services and broadband Internet access are provided by:
PJSC Rostelecom
JSC "Redcom-Internet"
LLC TK "Vostoktelecom"
CJSC Vostoktelecom
ZAO Transtelecom-DV

PJSC Vympel-Communications (trademark Beeline)
Internet access is also provided by: Khabarovsk House Networks LLC (Redcom trademark), Enforta LLC (WiMAX technology), Data-Line LLC, Scan-City LLC (Yo-Telecom trademark) ), FSUE RTRS, Orange Business Services and others.

Backbone operators are Rostelecom, Transtelecom and MegaFon. International and long-distance communications, except for the backbone operators of the city, are provided by Arktel and MTT.


Financial services

Representative offices and offices of the largest financial organizations are located in Khabarovsk - Rosgosstrakh, Sberbank and others.



Khabarovsk is a major hub at the junction of water, air, rail and road communications from the north and west of the country, Primorye, Sakhalin and the ports of the Khabarovsk Territory, which are of international, all-Russian and regional importance. The city ranks first in the region in terms of rail, river and road transportation.

Railway transport
The Trans-Siberian Railway passes through the city, as well as the railway line to Komsomolsk-on-Amur, connecting the Trans-Siberian with the Baikal-Amur Mainline. The administration of the Far Eastern Railway, three depots (passenger, locomotive and wagon) are located in Khabarovsk. Within the boundaries of the city there are four railway stations, the largest of them are Khabarovsk I (out-of-class passenger) and Khabarovsk II (out-of-class marshalling). From Khabarovsk to Vladivostok, the Okean branded train runs. Suburban rail transportation is carried out by electric trains. In 2009, the reconstruction of the bridge over the Amur was completed, as a result of which the bridge became not only a double-track railway, but also an automobile one.

Automobile transport
The city is a connecting point of the federal highways "Amur" (Chita - Khabarovsk), "Ussuri" (Khabarovsk - Vladivostok), Khabarovsk - Komsomolsk-on-Amur and the route under construction "Vostok" (Khabarovsk - Nakhodka). In 1983, a bus station for 500 passengers per hour was put into operation. Intercity bus routes connect the city with the central and eastern regions of the region, the cities of Primorye and the Jewish Autonomous Region. In 2021, the construction of a toll high-speed bypass of the city was completed.

River transport
Freight and passenger transportation along the Amur is carried out by the Amur River Shipping Company. In addition to river transportation, sea transportation is carried out by vessels of the “river-sea” type; “northern delivery” is carried out to remote areas of the region. In Khabarovsk - a cargo river port and a passenger river station, the Khabarovsk Fleet Maintenance and Operation Base (KREB Fleet).

Passengers are transported down the Amur to Nikolaevsk-on-Amur by Meteors, Zarya goes to remote villages up the Tunguska, summer residents go to the left bank on m/v Moskva and Moskvich. M/V "Polesie" go to Chinese Fuyuan, mostly "shuttles" go there.

In Soviet times, cruise ships sailed along the Amur (the flagship of the Amur River Shipping Company "30 years of the GDR", the m / v "Erofey Khabarov", "Semyon Dezhnev", "Miklukho-Maklay", "G. I. Nevelskoy", "V. Poyarkov ”, “Przhevalsky”, “Georgy Sedov”). There are currently no tourist cruises on the Amur.

Air transport
Air transportation is carried out through the "New" (has international status since 1972) and "Small" airports (Vostok airline), located 10 km from the city center. A base for the repair of aircraft is also deployed here. Japan-Europe flights pass through the area of responsibility of air traffic controllers in Khabarovsk.

Also within the city there is a military airfield "Central" with a military aircraft repair plant and the airfield DOSAAF "Dynamo".

Intracity transport
City transport: tram, trolleybus, bus and fixed-route taxi; Taxi. The length of intracity bus routes, tram and trolleybus lines exceeds 500 km. Since 2000, with the construction of new interchanges in the Northern microdistrict and at the intersection of Karl Marx and Leningradskaya streets, the city has been reconstructing the main roads and the city's transport system. In accordance with the strategic plan for the development of the city of Khabarovsk until 2020, adopted in the first quarter of 2008, it was supposed to turn tram lines isolated from the roadway (95% of them) into light rail lines. In addition, in the development of the future transport system, emphasis was placed on environmentally friendly transport - trolleybuses and trams. The renovation and replenishment of the tram and trolleybus fleet began in 2003, but stopped in 2017.


Education and science

Higher education institutions
Far Eastern Institute - branch of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation (DWI RANEPA)
Far Eastern State Academy of Physical Culture (FESPA)
Far Eastern State Medical University (FESMU)
Far Eastern State University of Communications (FGUPS, formerly KhabIIZhT)
Far Eastern Institute of Legislation and Jurisprudence (DVIZiP)
Far Eastern Institute of International Relations (DVIMO)
Far Eastern Institute of Management, Business and Law
Far Eastern Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Khabarovsk Border Institute of the FSB of Russia
Khabarovsk State University of Economics and Law (KhSUEP, earlier, academy - KhGAEiP)
Khabarovsk State Institute of Culture (KhGIK)
Pedagogical institute of the Pacific State University
Khabarovsk Institute of Infocommunications (branch of the Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Informatics, KHIIK GOU VPO SibGUTI)
Pacific State University (TOGU)
Far Eastern Institute of International Business
Amur Institute of Agroeconomics and Business (PIAB)
Khabarovsk branch of the St. Petersburg Institute of Foreign Economic Relations, Economics and Law (SPb IVESEiP)
Russian Academy of Justice (Far Eastern Branch)
Russian Law Academy of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation (Far Eastern Branch)
Khabarovsk Theological Seminary
Khabarovsk branch of FBGOU VPO "St. Petersburg State University of Civil Aviation" (SPb GUGA)

Additional education
The city has seven music, choreographic and art schools, many centers for children's creativity and aesthetic education of children, the regional children's center "Constellation".

Scientific organizations
The largest scientific organization in Khabarovsk is the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEB RAS, until 1992 FEB USSR Academy of Sciences, from 1970 to 1986 Far Eastern Scientific Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences), represented by the Khabarovsk Scientific Center. The following institutes of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences are located directly in Khabarovsk:
Computing center (CC)
Institute of Materials Science of the Khabarovsk Scientific Center (IMHNTs)
Institute of Mining (IGD)
Institute of Water and Environmental Problems (IWEP)
Institute for Comprehensive Analysis of Regional Problems, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Institute of Tectonics and Geophysics. Yu. A. Kosygina (ITiG)
FGU Research Institute of Forestry (DalNIILKh)
Economic Research Institute (IEI)
Research Center "Planet" (Hydrometeorological Center, the main activity is remote sensing of the Earth)
Khabarovsk branch of the Institute of Applied Mathematics


Culture and art

The following museums operate in the city:
The Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N. I. Grodekov was founded on April 19 [May 1], 1894, on the initiative of the Amur Department of the Russian Geographical Society. By 1900, its present building was built for the museum, in front of which a Jurchen stone turtle weighing 6400 kg, transported a few years earlier from Ussuriysk at the initiative of the archaeologist F.F. Busse, was installed. Since 2005, a separate exposition has been operating - the Amur Fish Museum. In 2007, the entire collection (2388 samples) of the disbanded Khabarovsk Geological Museum, which had existed since 1977 in one of the former mansions of the Plyusnin family, was transferred to the Grodekovsky Museum. The collection includes minerals from various territories of the Far East, samples of lunar soil, and much more.
Museum of Archeology. A. P. Okladnikova (branch of the Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N. I. Grodekov).
The Museum of the History of the City of Khabarovsk was opened on the day of the 146th anniversary of the city on May 31, 2004. The history of Khabarovsk from its very foundation to the present day: the pre-revolutionary period, the revolutions of 1917 and the civil war in Khabarovsk, the years of the first five-year plans, the Great Patriotic War and the post-war period, the years of perestroika and modern Khabarovsk.
Far Eastern Art Museum. The art of the ancient world, the countries of Western Europe and the peoples of the East, Russian pre-revolutionary and Soviet art, as well as the art of the peoples of the North and the Far East.
Military History Museum of the Eastern (Far Eastern) Military District. Opened in 1983. The history of the formation and development of the army in the Far East. Here, in an open area, samples of military equipment from different years are presented.
Amur Bridge Museum
Museum of the History of the Khabarovsk-1 Railway Station
Art Gallery. Fedotov.

Until 1992, the Far Eastern Literary Museum (the literary department of the Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N. I. Grodekov) also worked in the city, on the street. Turgeneva, 69 (opened on December 24, 1981 - on the day of the 80th anniversary of the birth of Alexander Fadeev - one of the founders of the Far Eastern Writers' Organization). The museum collection included up to 40 thousand exhibits of the main fund. The exposition was dismantled in 1992, the building was leased. On November 26, 1993, having terminated one contract with the N-Star LTD company (dated January 15, 1993), we entered into a new one - with the American company Global Village Trading. Conditions: 99 years of lease of the building for $300,000, intended for the design and construction of an extension to the local history museum. The security-lease agreement No. 145/2477 was terminated on 08/03/2006, the company itself was liquidated, but the museum has not been restored. “Currently, the Grodekovsky Museum does not need additional space to display items from the literary collection,” admitted the director of the museum, Nikolai Ruban. Building on st. Turgenev, 69 (total area 372.5 m²) "was temporarily transferred on the basis of gratuitous use agreements to public organizations: the non-profit organization Ussuri Military Cossack Society and the regional association of employers" Union of Employers of the Khabarovsk Territory "...".

There are several theaters in the city: Khabarovsk Regional Drama and Comedy Theatre, Khabarovsk Regional Puppet Theatre, Khabarovsk Regional Musical Theatre, Khabarovsk Regional Theater of Young Spectators, Khabarovsk Regional Philharmonic Society, Triada Pantomime Theater, White Theater.

Since 1978, the centralized system of public libraries has been operating in the city, including the central city library named after Pyotr Komarov and 10 of its branches. There is a city children's library named after A.P. Gaidar. In addition, the Far Eastern State Scientific Library and the scientific library of the Khabarovsk State Academy of Economics and Law are located in Khabarovsk.

Also in the city there are such cultural institutions as the Art-Holding "Palazzo", the Palace of Culture of Railway Workers, the Regional Palace of Friendship "Rus", the Concert Hall of the District House of Officers of the Russian Army, the Khabarovsk Regional Philharmonic Society, the Khabarovsk Regional Palace of Culture of Trade Unions. The film screening network is represented by such cinemas as Hollywood, Majestic Film, Giant, Druzhba (formerly Rodina), Sovkino, Forum (FourRoom), Dream Factory, Atmosfera, Cinema 9 .

A number of enterprises of the recreational industry operate in the city and its environs, including the recreation centers "Arizona", "Dubrovka", "13th kilometer", "Zaimka Plyusnina" (with a drive-in cinema), "Lukomorye", the entertainment complex "Fort-Artois". Near Khabarovsk there is the Amur Zoo named after V.P. Sysoev, as well as the Utyos Wild Animal Rehabilitation Center.

There are several parks in Khabarovsk: the central park named after Grodekov, park them. Yuri Gagarin, Dynamo Park with city ponds, children's park. A. P. Gaidar, Severny Park, Park of the stadium. Lenin.

Park named after Yu. A. Gagarin. Landscaping of the swampy area of the future park was started in the spring of 1957 by the residents of the Industrial District and schoolchildren. After the first cosmonaut Yu. A. Gagarin, who was in the city on his way to Japan, planted a larch here on May 29, 1962, the park was unofficially called the Gagarin Park. Officially, the name of Yu. A. Gagarin was given to the park by the decision of the Khabarovsk Regional Executive Committee of May 15, 1980 "On the assignment of the name of the first cosmonaut, Hero of the Soviet Union Yu. A. Gagarin to the park of culture and recreation in the Industrial District of Khabarovsk." In the 1990s, the park fell into disrepair, and only thanks to the construction of the regional circus here (opened in 2001) was it possible to improve part of the territory. Since 2007, a competition has been held for a park reconstruction project, in which in February 2012 the option proposed by the Atrium-Partner design workshop won. In November 2013, the reconstruction of the park began, which lasted until September 2016. The reconstructed park was opened on September 18, 2016 at 12:00.



There are several stadiums in the city - the stadium. Lenin, Dynamo stadium, Yunost stadium, Neftyanik stadium, Lokomotiv stadium, Zarya stadium. Until 2000, the Stroitel stadium operated on Montazhnaya Street in the Industrial District. Now it has been demolished.

Khabarovsk has its own football team - SKA-Khabarovsk, which plays in the Football National League.

The city has an ice sports palace Platinum Arena. Since the beginning of the 2003 hockey season, the hockey team of HC Amur (Khabarovsk), playing in the KHL, has been playing home matches here. In 2010, the Amur Tigers youth hockey team was created.

Khabarovsk club "SKA-Neftyanik" is the champion of Russia (season 2016-2017), five-time silver and eleven-time bronze medalist of the USSR and Russian Bandy Championships, four-time winner of the USSR and Russian Cup, winner of the Russian Super Cup. Performs at the Arena "Erofey".

In 2007, Khabarovsk hosted all Group E games of the World Grand Prix in volleyball with the participation of women's teams from the USA, Cuba, Kazakhstan and Russia.

In 2009, the city hosted four games of the Russian national volleyball team within the World League.

In 2010 Khabarovsk hosted the "Formula Drift International Championship" 1st, 2nd and 5th stages.

In 2013, the Asian Ice Hockey Challenge Cup among youth teams was held in Khabarovsk, where the Red Stars team, representing the Russian national team and which was made up of players from the Amur Tigers, took part.

In 1976, the city hosted an international bandy tournament for the prize of the Soviet Russia newspaper.

Khabarovsk has hosted the Bandy World Championships three times - in 1981 at the stadium. Lenin, in 2015 and in 2018 at the Erofei Arena.



There are 5 regional and regional religious centers of various confessions and two confessional educational institutions in the city: the Khabarovsk Theological Seminary (ROC) and the Far Eastern Bible College (ECB).

The city has:
Russian Orthodox Church - 16 churches.
Russian Orthodox Old Believer Church (Diocese of Irkutsk-Amur and the entire Far East) - Cathedral Church of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos (1995).
The Roman Catholic Church is the parish of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, the community of the Holy Trinity and St. Benedict.
Evangelical Christian Baptists - 7 churches. Association of ECB Churches of the Far East.
Evangelical Lutheran Congregation of St. John (ELC).
Seventh Day Adventists - 5 churches.
Pentecostals and Charismatics - 8 churches.
Muslim religious organization (mahalla) of the Central Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Russia - "Al-Furqan".
The Jewish religious community is the largest synagogue in the Far East (2004).
Diamond Way Buddhist Center of the Karma Kagyu School.
Temple of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness.



There are two active cemeteries in Khabarovsk: Central and Matveevskoe. However, burials at the Central Cemetery are limited. Exceptions are made only for people with special merits, as well as in cases of burial in related burials. In 1990, a chapel in memory of the victims of political repressions was built at the Central Cemetery, a wall of memory was opened, and there is also a burial sector for Japanese soldiers who died in captivity. Since July 2014, a crematorium has been operating at the Matveevsky cemetery.

In the Krasnoflotsky district, on the site of the former camp and cemetery of Japanese prisoners of war, a Peace Memorial Park (in memory of the victims of World War II) was built in 1995. Burial places of Japanese prisoners of war are regularly visited by official delegations and relatives of the deceased.

In the 1990s, a monument to those who died in the First World War was restored on the site of the former cemetery of Austrian prisoners of war.