Kirovsk, Russia





Description of Kirovsk

Kirovsk (in 1929-1934 - Khibinogorsk) is a city in the Murmansk region of Russia. Population - 26,581 people. (2018). Kirovsk is located in the center of the Kola Peninsula, on the shore of Lake Bolshoy Vudyavr, and is surrounded by the Khibiny mountains from three sides. We can say that Kirovsk is an island of civilization in the heart of Khibiny. Hence its old name of Khibinogorsk.



Snow village  , st. Botanical Garden. ✉ ☎ +7 921 510 0006.  Entrance: adults -600 rub, children (7-14) and pensioners -300 rub, children under 7 years old - free of charge accompanied by an adult. Structures and sculptures made of ice and snow with color illumination, built annually since 2007, the buildings are never repeated.

Museum and Exhibition Center "Apatit", Lenin Ave., 4a. ☎ +7 8153 13 28 87. from 9.00 to 21.00 (entry until 20.00). Entrance: FREE independent inspection of the exposition, "Audio guide" service (deposit for renting a guide 1000 rubles - returned upon delivery of audio equipment), excursion support - by prior request; The Museum and Exhibition Center has eight exhibition halls, two exhibition halls and a gallery. The halls present extensive mineralogical, historical and industrial expositions, many exhibits are interactive. In 2016, a multimedia exhibition "Journey from the bowels of the Earth to the atmosphere" was opened in the tower of the center. Every month, 4-5 temporary exhibitions open in the gallery of the IEC.

Polar Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute named after ON THE. Avrorin, st. Botanical Garden. ☎ +7 8153 15 14 36. from 9.00 to 16.00. Entrance: adult citizens of the Russian Federation - 200 rubles, foreign citizens - 480 rubles, there are benefits for children and pensioners. Excursions to the museum and the greenhouse of the botanical garden (by prior arrangement).

Museum of History and Local Lore of Kirovsk, st. Sovetskaya, 9. ✉ ☎ +7 8153 15 26 68. Tue-Sun from 10.00 to 17.30. Entrance: adults -30 rubles, schoolchildren -15 rubles, preschoolers - free of charge. The museum has 5 halls: the history of the development of the region, the history of the construction of the city, the military hall, the hall of nature of the region and the exhibition hall for temporary expositions. Additional exposition: memorial house of S.M. Kirov, also the museum, by prior agreement, conducts the quest "Secrets of geologists" (participation is possible from 18 years old)

The winter season is the longest in Russia.
Snow season from November to June. The best time for skiing is March-April (daylight hours from 6.00 to 24.00).
Guests have a choice of skiing and snowboarding areas:
Southern and northern slopes of Mount Aikuaivenchorr (GLK "Bolshoy Vudyavr"), European service.
The northern slope of the mountain Aikuaivenchorr (GLK "KolaSportLend") is close, designed for all levels of difficulty.
Mountain Kukisvumchorr (GLK "Kukisvumchorr", "25th km"), freeski / extreme, there are options for beginners.
Tirvas Ski Stadium: biathlon track 5 km, elevation difference up to 100 m, artificial lighting.

You can also ride snowmobiles in the surrounding mountains.
Mass annual events: All-Russian competitions "Khibiny Races" and "Ski Track Calls". All professional athletes and amateurs participate.
Summer season July-September.
Hang-gliding and paragliding flights from Aikuaivenchorr
Hiking from one-day hikes to climbing routes from 1B to 4B difficulty categories.
Water tourism from simple fishing to kayaking of 2-3 categories of difficulty.
Cycling tourism, including annual mountain bike competitions.
Geological and mineralogical tourism for the purpose of collecting minerals of the Kola Peninsula.
Ecotourism, including an ecotrail in the oldest and first botanical garden beyond the Arctic Circle.

Mass annual tourist events:
Eskimo Games (late March-April)
Khibiny tourist marathon - "survival school" in the conditions of the north (second half of August)
Festival of rock climbing on natural terrain "N. Kalyukin Memorial"





How to get there
By plane
Airport Apatity Khibiny (Apatity -1). ☎ +7 81555 773 69. Travel time to Moscow is 2 hours. from 6500 rubles. It is located 32 km from the city of Kirovsk. Daily direct and return flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg and Cherepovets. Served by air carriers Severstal and Pskovavia.
Murmansk International Airport. ☎ +7 8152 281 331. Travel time from Moscow 2 hours 25 minutes. from 3500 rubles. Murmansk International Airport is located in 210 km from the city of Kirovsk. Direct daily flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Perm, Sochi, Simferopol, Arkhangelsk, Cherepovets, Djerba, Antalya, Helsinki. From Murmansk to Kirovsk you can take the bus number 209, by train, by taxi.

By train
The nearest train station is Art. Apatity of the October Railway (trains of Murmansk direction). Also by train from Murmansk on Fridays and Sundays. From the railway station Apatity to the city of Kirovsk city transport goes. Travel time no more than 30 minutes.

By car
From the highway R-21 Cola to the city of Kirovsk 45 km

By bus
From the bus station of Murmansk route number 209 daily 6 flights a day.

City transport of Kirovsk is represented by: city buses, route and private taxis. The SKIBAS bus route, convenient for traveling with skis and snowboards, has been launched specifically for guests of ski resorts.


Night life

Night club "Fusion", Leningradskaya st., 9/1. 21:00-06:00. Two-story restaurant-nightclub. Interesting cuisines are offered, including venison. Two dance floors - on the restaurant floor and on the club floor, of which the club one is open until closing, and the restaurant closes at 02:00, and at the same time the kitchen stops working. Hookahs are offered on the club floor.
The quality and presentation of the food is good, the dance floors are not very big, but enough for a standard attendance. Sound and light worthy

There is a separate karaoke room.



There is a choice from beds in hostels to rooms in hotels. You can rent apartments from the owners.

Hotel Khibiny, st. Leningradskaya, 25

Akka Knibekaize Hostel, Olimpiyskaya st., 4. ☎ +78007078722. Dedicated hostel for skiers and snowboarders. An ideal room for drying clothes and shoes, a good contingent and a large interesting living room.
Hostel Kirovsk.Red, st. Laboratory, d.4. Not very well refurbished, but inexpensive. Walking through the garages is scary, but only a couple of minutes. The location is normal, business travelers also live.



The city is located on the Kola Peninsula, 205 km south of Murmansk, north of the Arctic Circle, on the southern outskirts of the Khibiny mountain range, on the banks of Bolshoy Vudyavr Lake and the Belaya River in the Umptek Valley.

The city includes a separately located microdistrict Kukisvumchorr, located at the southern foot of the mountain Kukisvumchorr.



In 1921-1923, as a result of geological surveys led by Academician A.E. Fersman, rich deposits of apatite-nepheline ores were discovered in Khibiny, the development of which began in 1929 by the Apatit trust.

Simultaneously with the construction of the mine and the processing plant, the city was built. The construction of the "working settlement of Khibinogorsk" began in the summer of 1929, on October 30, 1931 it received the status of a city of district subordination. The architect K. I. Rozenshtein was a participant in the design of Khibinogorsk. During the construction of the village, the labor of peasants expelled from their places in order to eliminate the kulaks was used.

On December 15, 1934, by a decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, Khibinogorsk was renamed Kirovsk in memory of S. M. Kirov, who was killed on December 1, 1934. Kirov, being the first secretary of the Leningrad Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, twice (in January 1930 and June 1932) visited the city during trips to the Murmansk district, which was part of the Leningrad region. He also sent his protege V. I. Kondrikov to manage the Apatit trust and the apatite industry.

In 1935-1954, Kirovsk was the center of the Kirov region, before that it was part of the Leningrad region.

On December 5, 1935, two avalanches descended one after another on the Kukisvumchorr microdistrict from the slopes of Mount Yuksporr. 89 people died.

Kirovsk is the site of the creation of the first avalanche service in the USSR. Snow and ice were studied here by Professor P. N. Chirvinsky.

On May 6, 1954, Kirovsk received the status of a city of regional subordination. On June 26, 1958, the working settlement of Kukisvumchorr was attached to it.

In 2005, the Khibinogorsk convent was founded in the city.

By Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 29, 2014 No. 1398-r “On approval of the list of single-industry towns”, the municipality is included in the category “Single-profile municipalities of the Russian Federation (single-industry towns) with the most difficult socio-economic situation”.

In 2016, an avalanche descended from Mount Yuksporr near the Kukisvumchorr microdistrict, in which three people died.



The largest enterprise in Kirovsk is KF JSC Apatit, which is part of PhosAgro. The structure of this enterprise includes: 3 mines, where ore is extracted both by open and underground methods, 2 apatite-nepheline concentrating plants. Previously, there were three factories, but the very first apatite-nepheline factory, built in the early 1930s, was closed in 1992.

In addition to JSC Apatit, food industry enterprises operate in Kirovsk (production of confectionery and soft drinks).

The tourism sector of the economy is developing - ski tourism, hotel business, renting apartments to skiers, organizing extreme tours and making souvenirs.



There are city and suburban bus routes No. 1, 104, 108; intermunicipal routes No. 102, 128, 130, 131; intercity No. 209, served by Avtokolonnaya No. 1378, a branch of Murmanskavtotrans in the city of Apatity. Until 2011, urban and suburban routes were served by the Kirov ATP.

There is an inactive railway station Kirovsk-Murmansky on a branch from the city of Apatity.


Education, culture

Schools No. 2, 5, 7, 13 (“Khibiny Gymnasium”) operate in the city, as well as a branch of the Murmansk Arctic State University in Kirovsk, which was opened on the basis of the Khibiny Technical College (since 2016).

There are several museums in the city: the corporate Museum and Exhibition Center of the Kirov branch of JSC Apatit (formerly the Mining and Geological Museum), the Museum of Local History and the Library-Museum of Venedikt Erofeev.

A part of the Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute (PABSI) (the other part is in Apatity) of the Kola Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences operates in Kirovsk. PABSI is the northernmost (67° 38' N) botanical garden in Russia, and one of the three botanical gardens in the world located above the Arctic Circle; in his collection - 2.5 thousand plants from all continents.

Not far from the city there is an educational and scientific base of the Faculty of Geography of Moscow State University (the former Khibiny educational and scientific base), where students of the Faculty of Geography do their practice.

Every year (since 2008), at the foot of the Khibiny Mountains near Kirovsk, the Snow Village is built - a unique complex of structures made of snow and ice of a certain theme, which is created by graphic designers and sculptors from various regions of Russia. The "Snow Village" with an Olympic theme with an area of 2,014 thousand square meters in 2012 was included in the "Book of Records of Russia" as the largest covered snow structure in terms of area.

Every year on the territory of the excursion and tourist center "Snow Village" the international festival of snow figures "Snegoled" is held, which was included in the top 200 best events in Russia for 2019.


Mass media

A television
Television and radio broadcasting in Kirovsk is provided by on-air and cable operators. On-air television broadcasting is carried out by the branch of RTRS "Murmansk ORTPTS". Broadcasting of analogue television was discontinued on October 21, 2019. The packages of terrestrial digital television (multiplexes) RTRS-1 (23 TVK) and RTRS-2 (41 TVK) are in the public domain. Regional tie-ins of GTRK Murman are broadcast in the digital package RTRS-1 on Russia-1, Russia-24 and Radio Russia channels, regional tie-ins of TV-21+ on the OTR channel. The coverage of the city with digital terrestrial television broadcasting is provided by the Kirovsk facility (Kirovsk, Lenin Ave., 42).

The regional channel People's Television "Khibiny" is presented in cable networks and on the Internet.

Broadcasting in cable networks is carried out by operators: Rostelecom, Teleset LLC, PETRONET Telecommunication Networks LLC, IP Smirnov S.A.



102.0 FM - Radio of Russia / "GTRK Murman"
102.5 FM - People's Radio of Khibiny
103.5 FM - Retro FM

Local print media include the newspapers Kirovsky Rabochiy and Khibiny Vestnik; a lot of all-Russian and regional print media is distributed.



Kirovsk is one of the centers of Russian skiing. There are two prepared ski resorts in the city area:

"Big Woodyavr" (southern and northern slopes of Mount Aikuaivenchorr: 5 drag lifts, a chair lift and a gondola-chair lift);
"Kukisvumchorr" (southern slope of Kukisvumchorr mountain, 3 rope tows, baby lift, 6 tracks).
In 2014, a gondola-chairlift was opened on the northern slope of Mount Aikuayvenchorr.

Also in the vicinity of the city is a promising place for freeride and backcountry. Every year, on the slopes of Mount Kukisvumchorr, the Freeride World Qualifier 1* and the Khibiny Open Cup are held.

The ski season lasts from late November to mid-May. In 2016, due to heavy snowfalls, the season lasted until mid-June.

The high season on the slopes of Kirovsk due to the short daylight hours in winter is from March 15 to May 9. All-Union and republican competitions have traditionally been held on the slopes of the Aikuaivenchorr and Kukisvumchorr mountains since 1937.

Paragliding has received serious development in Khibiny.

One of the popular geological tourist routes is the place with the memorial of the Fersmanovsky Khibiny research mountain station of the USSR Academy of Sciences "Tietta" (1930-1938), which burned down during the Second World War and was subsequently transformed into the Kola Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (now the Kola Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences).


Notable residents

The Russian writer Venedikt Erofeev lived and studied in Kirovsk for 17 years.
For two years in Kirovsk, the poet Nikolai Rubtsov studied at the Mining College as a mine surveyor.
Oleg Chirkunov, former governor of the Perm Territory, was born in Kirovsk.
Daniil Kalachev, Russian freestyle skiing champion, was born in Kirovsk.
Daria Serova, Russian freestyle skiing champion, was born in Kirovsk.
Anton Bogdanov, an actor in the television series Real Boys, was born in Kirovsk.
Yuri Kamorny, a famous Soviet actor, lived in Kirovsk.
Honorary resident of the city - Hero of Socialist Labor, director of the plant (association) "Apatit" from January 1964 to April 1983 Georgy Golovanov.
Laverov studied in Kirovsk, Nikolai Pavlovich is a Russian scientist, a prominent specialist in the field of radiology, geology, geochemistry of mineral deposits, metallogeny, global and radio geoecology; in 1949, N. P. Laverov graduated from the Kirov Mining and Chemical College.
Yushkin studied in Kirovsk, Nikolai Pavlovich is a Russian geologist, a recognized specialist in Russia and abroad in the field of geology of mineral resources, general, theoretical and applied mineralogy, metallogeny; in 1955 he graduated from the Kirov Mining and Chemical College.


In cinema

The Kola Peninsula and the city of Kirovsk are one of the most cinematic regions in Russia. Due to its proximity to the center of the country and picturesque landscapes, films were shot here, the action of which, according to the scenario, unfolded in different regions of the country and the world. The Murmansk region is a unique place. In a short time, in relative proximity, you can shoot the sea, and sands, and mountains, and tundra, and swamps, and meadows. The incredible beauty of nature can be passed off as Africa and the Caucasus mountains. What, in fact, happened: fairy tales, films about the war, documentaries, and comedies were filmed here.

Movies have been made in Khibiny since the 1930s. It was then that this region began to be called "Polar Hollywood". Basically, the unique "nature" of the northern region served to convey third-party stories that were not connected with it in any way. But films were also shot here, the scene of which was the Khibiny themselves and people who conquered the icy tundra and mountains. One of these films was the film Avalanche, dedicated to the pioneers of the Khibiny. The film "Facts of the Past Day" is dedicated to the workers of Khibiny.

In 2017, the shooting of the TV series "Dead Lake" (dir. R. Prygunov) took place in Kirovsk. Filming took place at the foot of the Khibiny Mountains and on the shores of Lake Bolshoy Vudyavr. In the series, the city of Kirovsk was called Changadan.

Since 2019, the filming of the comedy series Polarny has been taking place in Kirovsk. In it, Kirovsk is presented as the city of the same name with the name of the series, where the “dashing nineties” still reign.

Seven Bold (1936)
Volochaev days (1937)
Komsomolsk (1938)
By the command of the pike (1938)
Government member (1940)
Behind Enemy Lines (1941)
Footprints in the Snow (1955)
Evenings on a farm near Dikanka (1961)
Head of Chukotka (1966)
If you are a man ... (1971)
Avalanche (1975)
Smoke and Kid (1975)
Moment of Fortune (1977)
Commission of Inquiry (1978)
Life Line (1980)
Facts of the Past Day (1981)
City Under the North Star (1982)
Very Faithful Wife (1992)
Cuckoo (2002)
Lenin's testament (2007)
The Mystery of the Dyatlov Pass (2012)
Leviathan (2014)
Seneca Day (Lithuania, 2014)
Penguin of our time (Germany, 2015)
From the bottom of the top (2016)
Icebreaker (2016)
Big (2017)
Somewhere at the end of the world (2017)
Dead Lake (2017/2019)
Polar (2019, 2021)
Milk (2021)
Lucky (2021)
Polar Waltz (2022)