Klin, Russia



Description of Klin

Klin - a city of regional subordination in the Moscow region, the administrative center of the city district Klin. It is a town of military prowess. Population - 79,168 people. (2018).



Tourist Information Center, Sovetskaya Square, Trading Rows (in the premises of the “Merchant's Wedge” exhibition, in the center of the Trading Rows, next to the entrance arch). ✉ ☎ +7 (49624) 2-63-91. Visitors can book thematic excursions around Klin, as well as view photographs and advertising posters of the 19th century on the theme “Merchant Klin”.


Travel Destinations in Klin

Tourist Information Center, Sovetskaya Square, Torgovie Ryady (Shopping raws) (in the premises of the Klin Merchant Exhibition, in the center of the Torgovie Ryady, near the entrance arch). klinmo@yandex.ru ☎ +7 (49624) 2-63-91. Visitors can book themed tours of Klin, as well as view photographs and posters of the 19th century on the theme “Merchant Wedge".


Sovetskaya (Soviet) or Sobornaya (Cathedral) Square
The historical center of the city is the Soviet (former Cathedral) Square, on which several objects are worth seeing.

Shopping arcades of the 19th century.
Trinity Cathedral, Sovetskaya Square, 18. ☎ +7 (49624) 2-37-41. In Soviet times, the building of the cathedral was used as a public dining room and a house of culture, because of which the cathedral reached our days in a heavily rebuilt form. The cathedral complex also includes the bell tower and the Resurrection Church, located literally a few meters from the Trinity Cathedral.
The house of the merchant Mikhailov (House with a clock), Lenin Street, 1. In tsarist time, a house and a tea house were located in the house. The turret with the clock was installed after the revolution, in 1924, as a symbol of the new time.
Post Office, Sovetskaya Square, 1.
Pharmacy, Sovetskaya Square, 11/1.
Women's High School, Papivin Street, 1/20.

Around Sovetskaya square
In walking distance from the Sovetskaya Square are located:
Assumption Church, street Papivin, 16A.
Church of St. Tikhon, Silent Street, 7. hram@svt-tikhon.ru ☎ +7 (49624) 3-29-67.



At a distance from the center is the estate Demyanovo, who has seen many famous people in his lifetime. The manor received a visit of Queen Catherine II with her eldest grandson, the future Emperor Alexander I. In honor of this event, a granite column with a statue of Minerva was installed, which has not been preserved to this day. A.S. Pushkin this village twice. In 1883, the decaying estate was bought by lawyer V.I. Taneyev, brother of the composer S.I. Taneyev. From this time on, the manor receives a second life and becomes a cultural center. Guests at V.I. Taneyev estate were P.I. Tchaikovsky, A.M. Vasnetsov, K.A. Timiryazev, the Gnesin sisters. On foot, it is best to get to the estate through the city park “Sestroretsky” along three pedestrian bridges across the Sestra River. Only the church of the buildings on the estate was completely renovated.

Assumption Church in Demyanovo. ☎ +7 (49624) 5-80-27. Built in 1746 on the site of burnt wood. In the adjoining cemetery, the brothers of famous Russian composer Petr, Ippolit and Modest Tchaikovsky are buried. Here last owner of the estate Demyanovo V.I. Taneyev is also buried, as well as their family members.
The ruins of the main manor house. It takes a lot of imagination to imagine how a two-storey spacious house in the style of early classicism looked like in its best years.



Tchaikovsky Museum-Reserve, Tchaikovsky Street, 48. ✉ ☎ +7 (49624) 5-81-96, +7 (49624) 2-10-50. 10:00–18:00, ticket office until 17:00, closed: Wednesday and Thursday. 400 rubles. One of the main attractions of the city, attracting domestic and foreign fans of the work of the great composer to Klin. Tchaikovsky lived in this house from May 1892 to October 1893. After the death of Pyotr Ilyich, the house was bought by his younger brother Modest, and in 1894 a museum was created here. This is the oldest memorial music museum in Russia, located deep in a small park of the late 19th century. The memorial house preserves the furniture in which Pyotr Ilyich lived for the last year and a half of his life. Here you can see personal belongings, the composer’s book and music libraries, a Becker cabinet piano, and the desk at which his last works were written. Above the entrance to the house there is a balcony-lantern with multi-colored glass and a turret-shaped roof, where Pyotr Ilyich loved to have breakfast. The museum was significantly damaged during the Great Patriotic War, but was quickly restored. The composer's personal belongings were evacuated in advance to his small homeland in Votkinsk; at the end of 1944 they were returned.
On the modern territory of the museum-reserve, a concert and exhibition complex has been built, in which the works of Pyotr Ilyich are regularly performed by the best modern musicians. Here, museum guests can visit current exhibitions, book a tour, and buy souvenirs. In 2006, the third monument to Tchaikovsky in Klin, the work of A. Rozhnikov, was installed in the garden park. The sculpture depicts the composer reading, sitting on a bench on which lie his hat and cane. Currently, the museum also includes the nearby estates of Demyanovo, Frolovskoye and Maidanovo.

Klin Museum of Local History/ Klin Museum of Local Lore, Gagarin Street, 37/1 (entrance on the corner of the house, from Gagarin Street). ☎ +7 (49624) 2-63-91, +7 (49624) 2-81-69. Wed–Sun 10:00–17:00, closed: Monday, Tuesday. 70 rubles
Museum of Christmas Toys "Klinskoe Compound",, Staroyamskaya street, 4 (entrance from the yard through the gate). ✉ ☎ +7 (49624) 2-40-34. Tue–Sun 09:00–17:30, ticket office until 16:00, closed: Monday. 350 rubles. Museum of the Christmas tree toys factory JSC "Zvezdochka". The exhibition includes more than 2,000 toys, in two halls in which photography and video shooting are prohibited, manufacturing processes are demonstrated, glassblowers and painting masters work. In addition to regular excursions, there are theatrical children's excursions at certain hours (recommended for children no older than 10 years old), with adults nearby listening to a separate guide.
House-Museum A.P. Gaidar, Gaidara street, 17. ☎ +7 (49624) 2-42-15. Wed–Sun 10:00–17:00, closed: Monday, Tuesday. 70 rubles. The house in which Gaidar lived from 1938 to 1941, after marrying the daughter of a local shoemaker, Dora Chernyshova. It was here that the author created his most famous works: Timur and his team, Chuk and Gek, The Fate of the Drummer.



Get in

By plane
The nearest airport to Klin is Sheremetyevo. You can get in transit through Moscow

By train
Suburban trains from Moscow, from the Leningrad station, stop at Klin. In the opposite direction, commuter trains start in Tver. The most comfortable and fastest way to get to Klin from Moscow or from Tver is by the suburban train “Lastochka”, which runs once an hour in each direction. Travel time on the “Lastochka” from Moscow is a little less than an hour. Tickets are sold at suburban ticket offices without a fixed seat. The usual train to get from Moscow is much longer - one hour and forty minutes, but the ticket is cheaper and trains are sent more often than the Swallows.

1 Station Klin. Suburban ticket offices are located separately from the station near the stairs to the pedestrian bridge across the road. The station building, located between the railways, is of particular historical interest, since it was built according to the design of the architect K. A. Ton in the middle of the 19th century. There are cash registers and a toilet. In the same place, between the tracks, near the descent from the pedestrian bridge, passengers are met by a bust of P. I. Tchaikovsky.

By car
On the Leningradskoye M10 highway, the 86th kilometer from Moscow. Klin is also located on the Moscow Regional Ring Road A108. At 15 kilometers to the east it crosses the toll road M11.

By bus
2 Klin Bus Station, st. Karl Marx, d. 1. ☎ +7 (49624) 21237. 05: 00—22: 00.

Intercity bus routes:
437 Moscow (m. River Station) - Klin


Transportation around the city

The internal transport network of Klina is represented by buses and route taxis.



In the wedge there is the Daria shopping center, as well as the Auchan, Borodino and Pyaterochka store chains.



Dining room “Breakfast. Dinner. Dinner", Sovetskaya Square, 20, block 4. ☎ 8(903)511-55-55, 8(905)772-20-00. 8.30-20.30. 300 rub. for a normal lunch. A new canteen located in the Trade Rows at the beginning of Lenin Street. Good selection and delicious ordinary dishes, children's area in the first hall, in the summer there are tables outside. Breakfast for a fixed price.

Average cost
Cafe-bar “Street 8”, Lenina St., 8.
Restaurant "Russian Club".
Tavern on Sobornaya (1st category).



Gostiny Dvor st. Dzerzhinsky house 4

Hotel “Klinskoe Podvorie”, Staroyamskaya st., 6. One of the best quality hotels (out of a small selection) in the city, located near the Christmas tree decoration museum and managed by a company affiliated with the plant. Apparently the lack of professional hoteliers on staff creates some of the hotel’s oddities: expensive, rich, but somehow stupid. There is a cafe at the hotel, worthy at best of going for breakfast. When booking, you should take into account that the walk to the central square is 15-20 minutes, and next to it, in addition to the Christmas tree decoration museum, there is only the A. Gaidar house-museum.
[http:// www.spektrklin.ru Hotel "Spektr"] (Spektr), Novoyamskaya st., 6, Klin. ☎ +7 (968) 510-55-15) +7 (977) 977-96-57) +7 (496) 245-58-23. from 2,500 rubles / 1 night. Wi-Fi. 27 rooms, from 1500 rubles /night. Full range of services: clean, friendly staff, the room has everything a traveler needs. It's a leisurely 15 minutes walk to the historical center, but there are a large number of shopping centers nearby. The hotel is interestingly located - as if at the intersection of the old and new cities. The hotel is convenient for transit travelers.
Hotel "ViP" (ViP), st. Mira, 25A, Klin. ☎ CITY +7 (499) 938-82-60 RECEPTION +7 (916) 393-99-16 MANAGER +7 (977) 326-26-15. Around the clock. 2495–4000 RUR/night. Wi-Fi, parking. Mini-hotel, Four rooms for 2495–4000 RUR/night The outside of the hotel may confuse someone, but this is deceptive. Everything is clean and tidy. nice interior, good service.


History of Klin

XIV-XVII centuries
The first mention dates back to 1317 - the Nikon Chronicle says: “... In the summer of 6825... The same winter, the great Prince Yuri Danilovich of Moscow with Kavgady, and with many Tatars and with the princes of Suzdal, and with other princes and with many forces, went from Kostroma to Rostov, and from Rostov you will go to Pereslavl, and from Pereslavl you will go to Dmitrov, and from Dmitrov to Klin.”

During this period, lands often passed from one owner to another, and by the middle of the 13th century, Klin became part of the Tver Principality. Having become an outpost of Tver in the confrontation with Moscow, it was heavily fortified with a rampart and ditch, and new fortress walls. It became the center of the appanage Klin principality, which was owned by the younger branch of the Tver princes, later nicknamed the Dorogobuzhskys. During the Tatar-Mongol invasions, Klin, like other Russian cities, was ruined more than once: the fortress was destroyed at the beginning of 1409 during the raid of the Tatar Murza Edigei. Then Moscow and Tver fought for him.

In 1482, Moscow Prince Ivan III Vasilyevich annexed Klin to his principality: the city quickly lost its military-strategic importance, since there were more powerful fortified fortresses on the western borders of the principality. However, Klin did not fall into desolation, but became a center of trade and craft; The main occupation of its inhabitants became carriage and Yamsk trading.

In 1569, Klin suffered greatly from the oprichnina. The magnificent Klin construction forests were especially damaged. It is known that the most important buildings of the Moscow Kremlin were erected from Klin forest. In 1572, Ivan IV bequeathed to his son Ivan Klin with volosts, villages and duties; later Klin was the patrimony of the Romanov dynasty. Sokolovsky's Poles besieged the city, where Dmitry Petrovich Pozharsky held the defense.

In 1702, Klin, by decree of Peter I, became an official post office. Residents of Klin began serving a fairly large number of travelers. A variety of trading shops, inns, wine cellars, food warehouses and other establishments appeared in the city. Thus, meeting the needs of travelers, the city gradually stretched along the highway.

XVIII-XIX centuries
In 1781, Klin received the official status of a city and a coat of arms. And in 1784, a master plan for the development of the city was developed, according to which the House of Public Places, the Mayor’s House and an almshouse were located in the center. At the turn of the 18th-19th centuries, according to the design of the landowner-architect S.P. Karin, a postal yard was built - a two-story brick building and two one-story outbuildings. Sheds for horses, a well and a stable were built here.

Since 1785 it has been a district town in the Moscow province.

In 1851, the first branch of the Nikolaev Railway in Russia passed through Klin, which led to a decrease in Yamsk transportation. The meaning of “stand still” has also fallen. Now a significant part of the city's population began to engage in hand weaving and make scarves, muslin, and woolen upholstery fabrics for furniture.

By the end of the 19th century, Klin had turned into a quiet provincial town. Its center also shifted somewhat, now it was represented by Cathedral Square with stone shopping arcades, a hotel, a government office and a fire tower located on it.

XX—XXI centuries
Workers of Klin factories actively participated in the strike movement of 1905.

During World War II, the German 3rd Panzer Army captured Klin on November 23 after heavy fighting.

From November 23 to December 15, 1941, Klin was occupied by German troops (for more details, see Battle of Moscow).

By resolution of the Moscow Regional Duma of April 28, 2016, the city was awarded the honorary title “Settlement of Military Valor.”

On October 19, 2017, Klin was transformed from a city of regional subordination into a city of regional subordination simultaneously with the abolition of the Klinsky district.


Physiographic characteristics

Geographical position

Located on both banks of the Sestra River, 67 km from the Moscow Ring Road along the Leningradskoye Shosse (86 km from the Kremlin, 82 km from the Leningradsky Station and 566 km from the Moskovsky Station).



According to the climatic zoning of Russia, Klin is located in the Atlantic-continental European (forest) region of the temperate climate zone. The average July temperature is 18.5 °C, the average January temperature is −7.1 °C.

The World Meteorological Organization decided on the need to calculate two climate norms: the climatological standard and the reference. The first is updated every ten years, the second covers the period from 1961 to 1990.