The white church in the center of the compound was
erected in 1532 by prince Vasily to commemorate the birth of his first born
son Ivan who later became known as Ivan the Terrible. A height of 62 meters
and thickness of walls at 3- 4 meters it was designed to survive the attacks
of the Mongol hordes that still harassed Russian settlements from the South.
Yet its beauty and elegance was fit for the Russian tsars and emerging
The location of
Kolomenskoye was inhabited long before Slavs moved here. In the 9th- 8th
century BC the location was inhabited by Dyakovskaya
culture, a Finno- Ugric group of people whose names are still preserved in
the region Taldom, Yauza and possibly Moscow Rivers. According to local
legends pagan temple was also located in the vicinity of the today's church.
However the Dyakovskaya culture along with its cities was mysteriously
abandoned. The reason for their demise is still unknown. Several tribes
seemed to assimilate well with the coming Slavic tribes.
Among other natural and made sites located in Kolomenskoye a
burial of a wealthy Cuman Chief should be noted. It dates back to the 11th -
12 century AD about the time then Cumans repeatedly harassed Russian cities.
The chief probably was killed during one of these raids and a monument was
erected over his last resting grave. It is called "baba" which means
"father" in Turkic. Ironically in modern Russian the same word means "woman"
probably due to confusion of the sex of these statues.
Palace of Tsar Alexi I
Golosov Ovrag (Creek of Voices)
Among many architectural
remains that are clearly visible in Kolomenskoye you will find
Golosov Ovrag. Boulders that are spread all over the location
are said to be remains of the pagan temple. Belief that they can
give sexual powers or increase fertility are still alive today.
If you will see a naked person don't be surprised. He or she
probably knows what he/she is doing. Or at least they think they
The Creek has a long trail of
mysterious events. According to the local legends people
have been disappearing in the green fog and reappearing years
later. The oldest recorded phenomenon happened in the 17th
century AD then Russians caught several Tatars horsemen. They
claimed they were soldiers of the Devlet Gerey who managed to
capture and burn Moscow 50 years earlier. The weapons they had were
obviously obsolete and no Tatar would ever dare to come anywhere
close to Moscow at the time. Especially with such bizarre cover
Another interesting story dates
back to 1812 then couple of peasants decided to take a shortcut
through the creek. They emerged 21 years later. Both were as young
as they were in 1812 that obviously surprised everyone. During
police interrogation they claimed that while walking through the
creek they saw a ray of light. Several hairy human like creatures
stopped them and told them to go back. Police decided to check the
truth fullness of their words and tried to walk through the creek
alone at night. His friends on the other side waited for an hour.
Despite their best attempts they did not find their friend. He
Twentieth century did not end
strange sightings. Several locals claimed they tall hairy humans
emerge from a fog and then hide in the Golosov Ovrag again. Another
story claims that in 1930's local policeman was attacked by a huge
hairy creature that dwelled in the creek and decided to defend its
territory. Regardless whether it is true or not staying in the park
overnight to check the claims would not the be the best idea one can
come up with.