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Description of Kurgan
Kurgan (until 1738 - Tsaryovo Gorodishche, until
1782 - Kurganskaya settlement) - a city in the Russian Federation,
the administrative center of the Kurgan region. It is founded in
1679, but the Russian settlement on this place existed since 1553.
It is located in the Urals Federal District, along the banks of the
Tobol River (mainly on the left bank). The population of the city is
318,045 people. (2018). With the suburbs (Ketovo, Vargashi and other
settlements) urban agglomeration is formed with a population of
360,000 people (2015).
Kurgan is one of the most important
economic, scientific and cultural centers of the Ural Federal
District, a major transportation hub. Industrial center (medium
mechanical engineering, chemical, light and food industry,
military-industrial complex). The city is known in the country
thanks to the Russian Scientific Center "Restorative Traumatology
and Orthopedics" named after academician G. A. Ilizarov. Also in
Kurgan, KAVZ buses, infantry fighting vehicles BMP-3 and
Kurganets-25, as well as medicines, oil and gas equipment and pipe
fittings are manufactured.
History of Kurgan
An urban settlement was established here between 1659 and 1662 as
Tsaryovo Gorodishche (Царёво Городи́ще) by Timofey Nevezhin, a
farmer from Tyumen. In the ensuing years it was developed as a
fortress town. It served as a frontier post and its fortified
position enabled it to defend other Russian settlements from nomad
attacks. Nevertheless, it was itself not always able to withstand
such attacks, and was sometimes plundered and burnt down.
city was granted city privileges by the Empress Catherine the Great
in 1782, which is when it acquired its present name and became the
seat of an uyezd. The present name is taken from a large kurgan
(burial mound) close to the original settlement.
Its coat of
arms was granted on 17 March 1785, and it became the administrative
center of Kurgan Oblast in 1943. Kurgan was awarded the Order of the
Red Banner of Labour in 1982.