Ermak Travel Guide

 

Kurgan

Kurgan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Kurgan

Kurgan (until 1738 - Tsaryovo Gorodishche, until 1782 - Kurganskaya settlement) - a city in the Russian Federation, the administrative center of the Kurgan region. It is founded in 1679, but the Russian settlement on this place existed since 1553. It is located in the Urals Federal District, along the banks of the Tobol River (mainly on the left bank). The population of the city is 318,045 people. (2018). With the suburbs (Ketovo, Vargashi and other settlements) urban agglomeration is formed with a population of 360,000 people (2015).

Kurgan is one of the most important economic, scientific and cultural centers of the Ural Federal District, a major transportation hub. Industrial center (medium mechanical engineering, chemical, light and food industry, military-industrial complex). The city is known in the country thanks to the Russian Scientific Center "Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics" named after academician G. A. Ilizarov. Also in Kurgan, KAVZ buses, infantry fighting vehicles BMP-3 and Kurganets-25, as well as medicines, oil and gas equipment and pipe fittings are manufactured.

 

 

 

History of Kurgan

An urban settlement was established here between 1659 and 1662 as Tsaryovo Gorodishche (Царёво Городи́ще) by Timofey Nevezhin, a farmer from Tyumen. In the ensuing years it was developed as a fortress town. It served as a frontier post and its fortified position enabled it to defend other Russian settlements from nomad attacks. Nevertheless, it was itself not always able to withstand such attacks, and was sometimes plundered and burnt down.

The city was granted city privileges by the Empress Catherine the Great in 1782, which is when it acquired its present name and became the seat of an uyezd. The present name is taken from a large kurgan (burial mound) close to the original settlement.

Its coat of arms was granted on 17 March 1785, and it became the administrative center of Kurgan Oblast in 1943. Kurgan was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour in 1982.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips