Ermak Travel Guide

 

Kursk

Kursk

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Kursk

Kursk is a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Kursk region, as well as the Kursk district. It is not included in the district, being a city of regional importance, forming the city of Kursk with the status of a city district. Kursk is located 530 km south of Moscow. In the Middle Ages it is the capital of the Kursk principality, in 1918 - the seat of the Provisional Workers 'and Peasants' Government of Ukraine.

Archaeological research shows that on the site of the present Znamensky Monastery of Kursk there existed a large settlement no later than the VIII century. Since 1508 - the southern border town within the Moscow State. In the same year began its restoration as a fortress city. In 1797 he was granted the status of a provincial city. Kursk - a place of bloody battles of the Great Patriotic War, "City of Military Glory" (April 27, 2007), was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree "for courage and resilience shown by the working people of the city during the Great Patriotic War, as well as successes in economic and cultural construction ”(April 9, 1980).

The city is one of the cultural, religious centers of Russia. Kursk has a large industrial complex, scientific and educational centers. Kursk is a transport hub of central Russia.

 

 

 

Travel Destinations in Kursk

Museums
Museum of Regional Studies, 6 Lunacharskogo St.
Literature Museum
Museum of the Battle of Kursk
Art Gallery of Deyneka, 85 Radischev St.
Archeological Museum, 6 Pionerov St.

Other destinations
Trinity Monastery, built in the early 18th century.
Znamensky Cathedral, you will see its blue dome from almost everywhere in the city.
Triumph Arc dedicated to the victory in the Battle of Kursk.

 

 

History of Kursk

Archaeology indicates that the site of Kursk was settled in the 5th or 4th century BCE. The settlement was fortified and included Slavs at least as early as the 8th century CE.

The first written record of Kursk is dated 1032. It was mentioned as one of Severian towns by Prince Igor in The Tale of Igor's Campaign: "Saddle, brother, your swift steeds. As to mine, they are ready, saddled ahead, near Kursk; as to my Kurskers, they are famous knights—swaddled under war-horns, nursed under helmets, fed from the point of the lance; to them the trails are familiar, to them the ravines are known, the bows they have are strung tight, the quivers, unclosed, the sabers, sharpened; themselves, like gray wolves, they lope in the field, seeking for themselves honor, and for their prince, glory."

The seat of a minor principality, Kursk was raided by the Polovtsians in the 12th and 13th centuries and destroyed by Batu Khan around 1237. The city was rebuilt no later than 1283. It was ruled by Grand Duchy of Lithuania between 1360 and 1508. Kursk joined the centralized Russian state in 1508, becoming its southern border province. It was an important center of the corn trade with Ukraine and hosted an important fair, which took place annually under the walls of the monastery of Our Lady of Kursk.

However, a century later the city re-emerged in a new place; date of re-considered grounds Kursk 1586. In 1596 a new fortress was built, in 1616 it was garrisoned by over 1,300 soldiers. At the beginning of the 17th century Kursk was repeatedly attacked by Polish-Lithuania (in 1612, 1616, 1617, 1634), the Crimean Tatars, and the Nogai horde, but Kursk fortress was never taken. Residents of Oryol and other southern Russian cities were resettled in Kursk (by 1678 2,800 had been resettled). The city developed due to its advantageous geographical position on the shortest route from Moscow to the Crimea and from Kiev to the Crimea.

It was raided frequently by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Crimean Khanate until the late 17th century and was ruled by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth between 1611 and 1618. It was successively part of the Kiev Governorate (1708–1727), Belgorod Governorate (1727–1779), and Kursk Viceroyalty (1779–1797). Town status was granted to Kursk in 1779. It became the administrative center of Kursk Governorate in 1797.

After a fire in 1781 devastated Kursk, a new plan for the city was developed in which a market center would be at the heart of the city (it was erected in the central square, known as Red Square). In 1768 the Voskirsensko Ilinskaya Church was built (Russian: Воскресенско-Ильинская церковь). In 1778 both the Sergiev Cathedral Kazan Cathedral Baroque and Trinity Sergius Cathedral were completed. The city opened its first school for the nobility in 1783. A men's gymnasium was opened in 1808 and a seminary in 1817. A women's gymnasium was opened in 1870.

At the beginning of the 20th century Kursk played a dominant role in the food industry (Kvilitsu AK, one of the largest breweries in Russia, operated in Kursk) and in other industries as well; so, in the 1900s, appeared in the city 4 sitoproboynye shops (of which the largest was a workshop Tikhonov, products are sent to foreign markets - Germany, Austria-Hungary, etc.). Organized several engineering enterprises (in 1914 there were seven, including one - rail). Working conditions in the factories of Kursk were harsh and often resulted in strikes (for instance, from 1901-03 the workers at the sugar mill went on strike). Kursk workers participated in the general political strike during the 1905 Russian Revolution.

On November 26 (December 9,) 1917 the Soviets took power. Kornilovites came to Kursk in September 20, 1919. On September 20, 1919, troops under the command of General Denikin entered the city. On November 19, 1919, the Red Army took Kursk. The Soviet government valued Kursk for rich deposits of iron ore and developed it into one of the major railroad hubs in the Russian southwest. In 1932 in the Kursk was included Yamskaya Sloboda. In 1935 a tram system began operating in the city. In 193?, the territory of the city of Kursk was divided into Leninsky District (left bank of the Kura), Dzerzhinsky District (right bank of the Kura) and Kirov District (Yamskaya Sloboda). In 1937 Stalinsky District was formed in the southern outskirts of the city.

During World War II, Kursk was occupied by Germany between November 4, 1941 and February 8, 1943. In July 1943, the Germans launched Operation Citadel in an attempt to recapture Kursk. During the resulting Battle of Kursk, the village of Prokhorovka near Kursk became the center of a major armoured engagement – the Battle of Prokhorovka – between Soviet and German forces, which is widely considered to have been one of the largest tank battles in history. Operation Citadel was the last major German offensive against the Soviet Union.

 

Rebuilding efforts in the city began in February 1944. The cultural life recovered as well: on 19 February the cinema reopened and on February 27 the drama theatre. In 1953 the tram system began operating. By 1950 the urban economy had been completely restored. On August 17, 1956, Stalinsky District was renamed Promishlenost District, and Dzerzhinsky District was abolished and its territory divided between Promishlenost and Leninsky Districts.

In 2009, for the first time in 90 years at the site of Theotokos of Kursk, the most revered icon in the Russian Orthodox Church, received the name Hodigitria Russian diaspora.

Until 2010, Kursk had the status of historical settlement, but the Russian Ministry of Culture deprived the city of this status on July 29, 2010 in resolution № 418/339.

On October 28, 2011, for the first time in 30 years, the city opened a new firehouse for the protection of the Central District, with modern equipment. In 2012, Kursk celebrated its 980th anniversary.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

Get in
By train from Kursky Terminal in Moscow. Firmenny daily sleeper train Solovey #105/106 comes to Kursk early in the morning covering 537km. Other direct destinations are Saint Petersburg, Ukrainian cities like Kharkov, Crimean capital Simferopol, neighboring Belgorod and southern resort Anapa.

Get around
The city's hilly landscape is cut through by rectangular quarters as it was planned by the 17th city engineers. The city's airport is 7km north and serves flights to Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Sochi.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Cheap
Tsentralnaya (Центральная), 2 Lenina St. Restaurant, bar, cafe, ATM from at 1600RUB.

Mid-range
Kursk (Курск), 24 Lenina st (The city center), ☎ +7 47122 2-69-80, +7 47122 2-24-08. Soviet-style hotel, free wi-fi, no breakfast, a balanced quality for the price.

Splurge
Nightingale woods (Соловьиная роща), 142a, Engels St (Located on the city's outskirts close to the woods and a small river), ☎ +7 4712 32-55-32, fax: +7 (4712) 32-55-32, e-mail: welcome@hotelkursk.ru. Restaurant, bar, sauna, billiard, breakfast, tennis court, wi-fi from at 2600RUB.
Avrora (Аврора), 9 Sumskaya st, ☎ +7 4712 390 900, +7 4712 390 901, +7 4712 390 902, e-mail: avrora@avrorakursk.ru. Restaurant, lobby-bar, massage salon, sauna, wi-fi. from at 2900RUB.

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Drink
The One Bar, Dzerjinskogo 19, ☎ +7 4712 360112. 13:00 to 5AM. Modern, attractive bar in the center of town, close to Red Square. Open daily from 13:00 until 3AM on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays. On weekends it opens from 13:00 until 5AM with great DJ's and a European standard selection of music.

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Russian Touring Car Championship

 

Interesting information and useful tips