Chernozemye, Russia


The Central Black Earth/ Chernozemye  Region is a region in European Russia, located south of Central Russia and north of Ukraine.


Belgorod Oblast

Bryansk Oblast

Kursk Oblast

Lipetsk Oblast

Oryol Oblast

Tambov Oblast

Voronezh Oblast


Other destinations

Divnogorye is a natural museum-reserve in the center of the Voronezh region with amazing chalk pillars (divas), and inside one of these chalk mountains there is a functioning cave church of the Sicilian Icon of the Mother of God.
Oryol Polissya is a national park in the north-west of the Oryol region, which boasts not only that Turgenev wandered in the local forests, who dedicated most of his famous "Hunter's Notes" to them, but also the largest population of bison in Russia - they are already here more than 400 individuals.
Prokhorovka - here is the famous Prokhorovka field - the third military field of Russia, where the most important battle of the Battle of Kursk took place.
Svoboda is a place in the vicinity of Kursk, where on the picturesque bank of the Tuskar River stands one of the most famous monasteries in the Black Earth region - the Root Hermitage, founded in 1597 on the site of the appearance of the revered Kursk Root Icon. In the XVIII-XIX centuries. Kursk Korenskaya Fair, one of the largest in the Russian Empire, was held here.
Spasskoe-Lutovinovo - here in the north of the Orel region is the family estate of Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev. One of the main literary places in the region, where the museum-reserve of the classics of Russian literature now operates.


Formation of the region

The economic region received its outlines within the boundaries of the administrative-territorial division of the central regions of Russia in the 20th century. Currently, it is not geographically the center, as it is located near the western border.

The isolation of the territory as an administrative unit was in the early stages of the new settlement of the outskirts of North-Eastern Rus' in the 16th-17th centuries. By that time, the territorial division of the military and administrative and economic activities of the Discharge Order into the Moscow (in charge of not only Moscow, but also national affairs), Belgorod, Vladimir, Novgorod, Sevsky and Kiev tables. The Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts (RGADA) stores a large amount of information about the economic affairs of the Black Earth regions in the lists of the Belgorod table.

The administrative-territorial division of the current Chernozem region changed as a result of multiple state reforms. In 1880, a statistical edition of the book Volosts and the most important villages of European Russia was published. Issue I. Provinces of the central agricultural region. The central agricultural region includes 8 provinces: Ryazan, Tula, Kaluga, Orel, Kursk, Voronezh, Tambov and Penza.

In 1928, the Central Chernozem Region was formed from the former Voronezh, Kursk, Orel and Tambov provinces with the center in Voronezh. In 1934 the region was abolished. The conditional statistical division and allocation of the region has been preserved, only the modern Oryol region is not included in it.

The active development of industry and the new localization of the Chernozem region began only in Soviet times. This was mainly due to industrialization, the development of iron ore resources of the Kursk magnetic anomaly and the creation of a number of machine-building enterprises.

On May 31, 1991, the order of the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the RSFSR "On the organization of associations for economic interaction between the regions of the Central Black Earth region of the RSFSR and measures to create conditions for their accelerated development" was issued.

From 1991 to 2001, the Chernozemye Association included 10 regions: Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk, Novgorod, Oryol, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula and Bryansk.


Territory and population

According to the zoning grid of the State Planning Committee of the USSR and in modern Russia, the CCR includes 5 regions: Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk and Tambov regions.

Area: 167856 km², 0.98% of the entire territory of Russia;
Population: 7141554 people (2022), 4.86% of the total population of Russia;
Population density: 43 people/km²;
Level of urbanization: 68% of the population lives in cities, in rural areas - 32%.



The Central Black Earth economic region borders on the leading industrial region of the country - Central and is conveniently located in relation to the fuel and energy bases of the Volga region, the North Caucasus, Donbass and Ukraine. The territory of the district is located on the watershed, along the upper reaches of the rivers Oka, Don and Seim (a tributary of the Desna), Seversky Donets. The western part of the region is located on the Central Russian Upland, the middle part is on the Oka-Don Lowland. A feature of the modern relief is a lot of ravines, which was facilitated by both natural factors (Dnieper glaciation) and socio-economic factors (massive deforestation, excessive plowing of steppes and meadows).