Lipetsk, Russia



Restaurant, taverns and where to eat


Description of Lipetsk

Lipetsk - a city (since 1779) in Russia, the administrative center of the Lipetsk region. It is the core of the largest Russian agglomeration with a specialization in the field of full-cycle ferrous metallurgy, an industrial, agrotechnological and aviation center, a resort. Population - 509,735 people. (2018). The distance to Moscow is 450 km, to Voronezh - 132 km.

Lipetsk is one of the largest and second most populated cities in the Black Soil Region, the fifth in the Central Federal District and the thirty-sixth in Russia. Located on the Voronezh River in the forest-steppe zone at the junction of the Central Russian Upland and the Oka-Don Plain. An important motor hub of agglomeration and regional importance, located between the federal routes “Don” and “Caspiy”, has a developed network of industrial railways, the largest transshipment deadlock. Center of a special economic zone of industrial type. One of the youngest regional centers of Russia.



1 Cathedral Square.
2 Church of the Nativity of Christ.
3  Cascade of fountains.
4  Monument to Lenin.
5  Memorial obelisk to Emperor Peter I, the founder of the city. The obelisk was made by order of the St. Petersburg merchant Pavel Nebuchinov, who had a rest and was treated at the Lipetsk mineral waters, and was cast at the Tambov iron foundry by master Ivan Fedorov. The obelisk is an elongated triangular pyramid. Cast-iron boards with bas-reliefs are built into the pedestal on both sides. A monument was erected on Petrovsky Spusk in 1839. Renovated in 2000. It is one of the symbols of the city.
6  Upper Park.
7  Lower Park.
8  Monument to Peter I.
9  Monument to Plekhanov.
10  Bykhanov garden.
11 Victory Park.


Things to do

1  Plekhanov House-Museum.
2  Lipetsk Zoo.



In 1702, the construction of metallurgical plants began on the Voronezh River at the confluence of the Lipovka River; The hydronym comes from the word linden. The settlement that arose at the factories began to be called Lipsky (later - Lipetsk) Iron Factories, in 1779 it was transformed into the city of Lipetsk.


History of Lipetsk

Lipetsk was first mentioned in the 13th-century chronicles. The name means "Linden city" and is cognate with Leipzig and Liepāja. In 1284, the city was destroyed by the Mongols.

The foundation of the modern city dates back to 1703 when Peter the Great ordered the construction of a cast iron factory in Lipetsk near the iron ore deposits for making artillery shells. On September 27, 1779, Lipetsk was granted town status. It became one of the principal towns of Tambov Governorate.

In 1879, Lipetsk hosted a congress of members of Land and Liberty.

After the Treaty of Rapallo (1922) until 1933, the much-reduced German Army (Reichswehr) of the Weimar Republic secretly contracted with Soviet authorities to operate a clandestine military aviation base and test facility near Lipetsk – circumventing prohibitions of the Versailles Treaty. The base enabled technical collaboration by the two powers whose separate defeats in World War I left them isolated in post-war Europe. This activity inside the U.S.S.R. took place away from the vigilant eyes of the victors.



By air
Lipetsk has a domestic airport, which serves flights to Moscow (daily), Saint Petersburg (2 times a week), Sochi, Anapa, and Kostroma (weekly). Flights are quite expensive: a one-way ride from Moscow costs 6,000 RUR.

By train
Train is the most reliable way of getting to Lipetsk. 2 overnight trains go from Moscow Paveletsky Station on daily basis, other train connections are with Saint Petersburg and Sochi. One way 2nd class ticket from Moscow to Lipetsk costs about 2000 RUR / 30 EUR.

By bus
Lipetsk has a good bus connection with Moscow. Several private operators provide 7-10 daily trips from Paveletskaya metro station of Moscow to Lipetsk train station and back. Expect 8 hours to go, 600-700 RUR / 15-18 EUR to pay and loud video in the coach for all the way. Bus collisions are regularly reported on southern directions, so be attentive taking this risk.

By car
Depending on traffic, the road to Lipetsk can take 5-8 hours from Moscow. Take M4-RUS.svg road to Rostov-on-the-Don and turn left to Lipetsk soon after Yelets. Alternatively, turn from M4-RUS.svg to M6-RUS.svg road after Kashira, then turn right to Lipetsk after some 200+ km drive. This second way is shorter in kilometres, but worse in road quality and traffic.

Get around
Lipetsk has a Russian standard public transportation system with buses, trolleybuses and marshrutkas. Everything is a bit uncomfortable. The cost of ride is 10 RUR / 0,25 EUR. Taxis are widespread and inexpensive, but non-English-speaking.


Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cafe "Hutorok" ("Хуторок") near Train station. 24 hours

Lipetskaya mineral water



There are not many large shopping centers in the city. There is "Europe" on the street. Soviet. It has many boutiques, an Okey grocery supermarket and a Mediamarkt household appliances store. However, prices are generally above average.
There is a central market, which is located a 5-minute walk from Europe, where you can buy quality products at an affordable price.
You can also visit the Armada store, which will offer you a huge selection of various Chinese fakes with Gucci and Armani logos at the price of the originals. Next to it is the Oktyabrsky market, reminiscent of the central one with its assortment.
The city has representative offices of numerous chain brands, such as cosmetics: Rive Gauche, Yves Rocher, Ile de Beaute, L'Etoile, etc.
Also, mobile communication salons will offer you their services: Euroset, Svyaznoy and Digital Wind.



All major mobile operators work: MTS, Beeline, Megafon, TELE2 and Yota.


Precautionary measures

Lipetsk is by and large a safe city. However, guests of the city should, if possible, avoid the areas of the Tractor Plant and the Svobodny Sokol plant, so as not to be left without a phone or cash.

The urban planning of Lipetsk can hardly be called intuitive, and for those who visit the city for the first time, it seems to be very confusing in general. Do not neglect the use of a mobile navigator, and if you feel that you are starting to wander, urgently call a taxi.


Physical and geographical characteristics

Geographical position

The city is located in the forest-steppe zone of the temperate zone on the border of the Central Russian Upland and the Oka-Don Plain, on both banks of the Voronezh River in its middle reaches, 428 km southeast of Moscow. The distance from the Lipetsk railway station to the Moscow (Paveletsky) railway station is 504 km. The height of the city center above sea level is about 160 m. The historical center of the city is located on the hills around the mouth of the Kamenny Log and in the lowland where the Lipovka River flows into Voronezh, geographical coordinates are 52.605°N, 39.597°E (Revolution Square). The distance to Moscow is 450 km. The city stretches from north to south for 22 km and from west to east for 27 km.



Lipetsk is located in the MSK time zone (Moscow time). The offset of the applicable time from UTC is +3:00. In accordance with the applied time and geographic longitude, the average solar noon in Lipetsk occurs at 12:22.



The climate is temperate continental. Despite the fact that Lipetsk is located at the latitude of Berlin and Amsterdam, the winter here is with stable snow cover, the average January temperature is −7.3°C. Summers are warm, the average temperature in July is about +20°C. Precipitation is about 500 mm per year, with a maximum in July.

In 2008-2009, the average winter temperature in Lipetsk was 5 degrees below zero. This differs from long-term values by 3.2 degrees in the direction of heat. The amount of precipitation during these winters was less than normal. But the winters of 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 in Lipetsk were colder than normal.



There are 36 public health institutions of both regional and city status in the city and its immediate environs. Of these, 32 are directly involved in the provision of medical care. Currently, the regional center has 5 specialized dispensaries, 10 adult and children's round-the-clock hospital hospitals, 29 polyclinics of general therapeutic, dental and other special profiles (including outpatient clinics at dispensaries and hospitals), a blood transfusion station, an ambulance station, 2 sanatoriums , maternity hospital and perinatal center, 4 antenatal clinics.

The history of health care in the city dates back to the construction of a small infirmary at the ironworks at the beginning of the 18th century, which included a couple of beds, a doctor and a pharmacy. With the discovery of mineral waters in the city, the royal doctor Christopher Paulsen had a hand in the organization of the Bader baths, where they were treated with mineral waters. By the beginning of the 19th century, the baths turned into an elite resort with a mud bath, koumiss treatment and mineral baths. In the middle of the 19th century, the city already had a city hospital. However, the number of doctors and pharmacies remained extremely small. So by the end of the 19th century, there were only 4 doctors in the county, and only 1 at the hospital, which was only in Lipetsk, 3 paramedics per city and 3 midwives per county. Several pre-revolutionary buildings correlate with the Lipetsk Zemstvo Hospital. Judging by the descriptions and old maps, there were several buildings in the city, including the actual hospital beds, an outpatient clinic and infectious barracks. In the hotel building of the Lipetsk resort, there was also an outpatient clinic of the Red Cross Society. In the early 1920s, the city already had three hospitals, two outpatient clinics, and a dentist's office. Most of the regional hospitals and other health care institutions were built in the 1950s and 1960s.

The non-state sector is represented by a number of private clinics and large non-governmental organizations, such as the NLMK medical center and the Lipetsk sanatorium.

On February 17, 2009, German Yuryevich Zhuravlev, an endoscopist surgeon from Lipetsk, was recognized as the best doctor in Russia in one of 23 nominations.


Economy and infrastructure


The main enterprise of the city is the Novolipetsk Iron and Steel Works; the Svobodny Sokol metallurgical enterprise also operates. Mechanical engineering and metalworking: the Lipetsk plant of caterpillar tractors, factories for the production of refrigerators and washing machines of the Indesit Company and others. There are enterprises for the production of building materials: the production of cement (Lipetsk cement plant), silicate brick (Lipetsk plant of silicate products), reinforced concrete structures (Reinforced Concrete Plant (Lipetsk), a plant for the production of fixed formwork OOO Novtekhstroy, etc. Chemical industry: factories - nitrogen-fertilizer (Reconstruction was deemed inexpedient, stopped and dismantled due to the high risk of ammonia production in the immediate vicinity of the residential sector and high environmental pollution by a very outdated production) (based on the coke production of the Novolipetsk Metallurgical Plant), Khimprodukt, rubber-plastic products.

In addition, there are numerous food industry enterprises: a confectionery factory (ROSHEN Corporation, liquidated by a court decision), OJSC Progress, OJSC Lipetskmoloko (A branch of the Open Joint Stock Company UNIMILK Company), OJSC Lipetskkhlebmakaronprom).

The light industry is poorly represented - the Lipchanka garment factory, the Lipetsk patterns factory, the LOK shoe factory, etc.

In 2006, the construction of the Lipetsk Special Economic Zone began. It closely adjoins the eastern border of the city and is, as it were, a continuation of its industrial zone, in which the enterprises of the Italian company Indesit Company are already located - two factories for the production of refrigerators and washing machines under the brands Indesit and Hotpoint-Ariston (belonging to Turkish Arçelik since June 2022) .

In 2008, the volume of shipped goods of own production, work performed and services performed on its own by type of activity manufacturing (for large and medium-sized organizations) was 259.1 billion rubles.



Trade enterprises of modern formats are developing in the city. In 2006, the hypermarkets Metro Cash & Carry (10,000 m2), Auchan (part of the Auchan Holding group) (36,000 m2), Perekrestok (12,000 m2), Stroylandiya, Liniya (13,000 m2) were opened. m²) and others.

In August 2007, a five-level Moskva shopping center with a total area of 15,000 m² was opened in Lipetsk. In March 2010, the Lipetsk Building Materials Plant (LZSM) opened in the city center between Sovetskaya and March 8 streets the Europe shopping and entertainment center with a total area of 60,000 m² (sales area - 43,000 m²).

There are several markets in Lipetsk, the main ones being Central, Petrovsky, Universal, Sovetsky (former 9th microdistrict).



Housing Construction Volumes of housing construction in Lipetsk for several years in a row remain at the level of 360-380 thousand m² per year, that is, 0.75 m². per capita, which is twice the national average. The leadership of the region and the city set the task to reach the level of 1 m² per year per capita. The capacities of construction enterprises in Lipetsk and enterprises of the construction industry make it possible to solve this problem, provided that the problem of creating networks in new development areas is solved. In the last few years, the share of individual housing exceeds the share of apartment buildings in the total volume of construction.

Prospective construction For the next 10 years, sites for mass construction have been identified, first of all, the Yelets microdistrict, the first microdistrict of the 21st century in Lipetsk in terms of architectural and planning solutions, microdistricts No. (former microdistrict No. 32, 33), area of the Experimental Station. Lipetsk has a serious reserve of space for construction in old building areas. These are the territories of non-working industrial enterprises in the districts: st. Frunze - st. Nedelina, st. Gagarin - st. Balmochny; along Victory Avenue. The implementation of a landmark facility for the city has begun: the Rolling Stones sports complex. Construction in the center of the Youth Park has already begun. Piling work is underway. This sports complex will be the largest in the Black Earth region and one of the largest in Russia. The estimated cost of the facility is about 5.0 billion rubles. In 2011, the sports complex project, following the results of the world's largest real estate exhibition MIPIM-2011 held in Cannes, was included in the top ten European projects of the year. The complex will include an ice arena for 5.5 thousand seats, a hall for team sports, a 50-meter swimming pool and a water park.

Secondary market Most of the residential real estate market in Lipetsk is occupied by secondary housing. This is due to the age of the city and infrastructure. By prices for apartments in this sector, one can judge the overall picture of the housing market in the city. In 2013, it averaged 49,000 rubles.

Out-of-town real estate There are three directions of development in out-of-town real estate in Lipetsk. 1. The main volume of individual houses is currently located on lands close to the city and documented included in its territory. Within the city there are former villages: Sselki, Yellow Sands, Novaya Zhizn, Korovino, Zarechye, the villages of Severny Rudnik, Syrsky, Dachny, Matyrsky. In the settlements, the development is mixed - multi-storey (up to 10 floors) and individual houses. 2. The growth of well-being, an increase in the level of mobility of the population led to the fact that some villages close to Lipetsk, located in convenient transport accessibility and in ecologically clean places in the Lipetsk, Dobrovsky and Gryazinsky districts, began to turn into cottage settlements. This process is especially noticeable in such villages as Kuleshovka, Sitovka, Plekhanovo, Kapitanshino. 3. The construction of cottage villages "from scratch" began in Lipetsk in the mid-90s, but their development was extremely slow. Only since 2010 has the situation changed for the better. Among the most successful projects, the settlements of Yasnaya Polyana and Novaya Dubrava should be singled out.


Цommercial real estate

Hypermarkets and supermarkets Despite the fact that Lipetsk does not have the status of a millionaire, the number of successfully operating modern retail facilities in the city indicates that the level of food retail in the city is quite comparable to the development of cities with twice as many inhabitants. Both local trading companies and federal chains are developing on the Lipetsk market. The emergence of modern hypermarkets and supermarkets in the Lipetsk market is associated with the activity of the largest industry players in the Chernozem region. A significant market share is occupied by the Pyaterochka neighborhood grocery store chain, which includes 57 supermarkets with an area of 300 m² or more, two Karusel hypermarkets, and the Perekrestok supermarket chain (these three chains are managed by X5 Retail Group with head office in Moscow), a network of economical supermarkets "Proletarsky" (10 stores) and "Pokupayka". Also in the field of food retail there is a network of 20 Limak-Trade stores (OJSC Lipetskkhlebmakaronprom).

Among the companies headquartered in other regions are Kursk-based GriNN corporation (Line hypermarket), Metro company (Metro Cash&Carry store) and O'Key, Kopeyka, Uyuterra, and Magnit hypermarkets. , supermarkets "Europe".

The development of retail in Lipetsk demonstrates the assertion of the majority of trade experts about the prospects of two formats: hypermarkets and convenience stores (both small retail outlets with an area of up to 200 m² and larger objects with a supermarket area). Lipetsk is unique in this case: there are not so many hypermarkets in any city of the Black Earth region. On August 6, 2013, instead of the Real hypermarket, the Auchan hypermarket was opened. At the end of 2012, the Auchan company bought its component from the Metro Group, namely the Real hypermarkets.

Other commercial real estate A special place in the commercial real estate sector in Lipetsk is occupied by premises on the first floors of the housing stock along transport routes. These are both originally non-residential areas and apartments removed from the housing stock and converted for a certain type of commercial activity. As a rule, they house beauty salons, hairdressers, non-food stores, offices specializing in the provision of services, etc. Such premises are small in size and conveniently located in a residential area. The choice of such premises is very large, and the cost is determined by demand. Of particular interest to business are the central streets of the city: Plekhanova, Zegelya, Pervomaiskaya, Sovetskaya, Pobedy Ave., and shopping areas near public transport hubs - st. Dovatora, pl. Mira, 9th microdistrict, st. Bauman, ring pr. Victory.

Business Centers The Lipetsk office real estate market is represented mainly by class C and D offices. High-quality objects began to appear relatively recently. The first B+ class business center entered the market in 2006 (Europort Business Center with a total area of 6,000 m²). In recent years (since approximately 2006), the office market has been supported by demand from federal financial companies expanding their regional presence (banks, insurance, investment companies), it was during this period that class B + objects began to enter the market. As of 2013, there were four such facilities in the city. Three business centers were opened in reconstructed buildings, and all these buildings were built in Soviet times as Houses of Consumer Services. The reconstruction was carried out by Lipetsk and Voronezh development companies. The only major project for the construction of an office and hotel complex, which was implemented by the Moscow company, is currently frozen. This is a complex of buildings in the area of ​​the Regional Department of the traffic police.

Construction organizations Leading positions in the construction market of Lipetsk are occupied by the Lipetskstroy trust, the SU-5 group of companies, DSK OJSC, Globus-98 LLC, SU-11 Lipetskstroy LLC, as well as the NLMK construction complex.



The General Atmospheric Pollution Index (API) was catastrophic - 24.43 units in 2000, but by 2009 fell to 7.5 units - slightly above the norm of 4-7 units.

The main residential development is located on the right bank of the Voronezh River, and the Novolipetsk Iron and Steel Works is on the left, gently sloping bank. The wind rose in the city is located in such a way that the wind of the northeast direction (from the Matyr reservoir) prevails. At the same time, the "torch" from the pipes of the plant begins to descend to the surface of the earth at a distance of several kilometers - right in the central districts of the city. And when the wind blows from the southeast, residents of the sleeping areas and the center of the right bank, the Traktorny district, may experience discomfort from the smell of hydrogen sulfide emanating from the slag collectors located near the area, the largest in Europe, the NLMK metallurgical plant. This is a significant excess of MPC (maximum permissible concentrations) of pollutants.

According to official data in 2008, 366 thousand tons of pollution were emitted into the atmosphere of the city, more than 750 kg per inhabitant, among which the content of heavy metals, dioxins, benzapyrene and phenol exceeded the norm. The main source of pollution is NLMK PJSC.

Lipetsk was included in the list of 12 industrial cities, which will reduce emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere by 22% by 2024 as part of the Ecology priority national project.


City holidays

City Day is the main holiday of Lipetsk. Celebrated on the 3rd Sunday of July. The year of foundation of Lipetsk is considered to be 1703.

In 1979, the city administration planned to celebrate City Day on the day Lipetsk was awarded city status. However, local historians and local historians wrote a letter to Moscow saying that this was wrong.

Then the main city holiday began to be celebrated on the 3rd Sunday of May, but, according to the head of the Lipetsk city administration, I.N. Koshelev, “by this point people were simply tired of the holidays, and City Day passed unnoticed.”

We decided to combine the holiday with Metallurgist Day, which is no less significant in Lipetsk, where the city-forming enterprise is the Novolipetsk Metallurgical Plant. Since 2003, City Day has been celebrated on the 3rd Sunday of July (as well as the following Friday and Saturday).

The history of Lipetsk is amazing because from century to century the vector of the city’s development and its brand have changed dramatically. Lipetsk was both the eastern outpost of Kievan Rus, and the center of the formation and development of ferrous metallurgy, and a resort city, and a city of aviators.

In 2013, on the day of the 310th anniversary of the city, the festival of historical reconstruction and ethnoculture “Lipetsk Settlement” was held for the first time in Lipetsk. About 70 thousand people took part in it.

“Lipetsk Settlement” is a celebration of history and culture, where the entire history of the city is recreated in stage form. In the historical Lower Park, handicrafts of Ancient Rus' were reconstructed over a vast territory. Lip residents and guests of the city could try themselves as potters, learn wickerwork, bobbin lace making, paint a clay toy as a souvenir using the region’s traditional Romanov technique, and even try to smelt metal in a working model of a blast furnace. Performances by original groups engaged in the reconstruction of song and instrumental folk art of the Middle Ages and Russian folk groups from various regions of Russia and neighboring countries took place on several stages of the park. Everyone could take part in a traditional costume ball of the 19th century and take photographs in a historical photo studio of the early 20th century.


Leisure and tourism

The abundance of industrial enterprises and the work of the Novolipetsk Metallurgical Plant, due to environmental reasons, have somewhat reduced the tourist and recreational attractiveness of Lipetsk. However, continuing the traditions of the 19th century resort, its successor, the Lipetsk sanatorium, operates in the regional center.

In the vicinity of the city (mainly in the Lipetsk nature reserve on the banks of the Matyra and Voronezh rivers) there are the Lesnaya Skazka sanatorium, the Mechta children's sanatorium, the Parus sanatorium, the Sukhoborye sanatorium, the Green Valley and Smile recreation centers. , “Chaika”, “Rainbow”, “Sosnovy Bor”, “Falcon”, “Forest House”, “Russian Estate”, “Osinki”, “Beryozka”, “Indesit” plant, silicate plant, “Brigantine”, “Atmosphere” ", children's health complexes (camps) "Orlyonok", "Prometheus", "Star", health complex "Altair".

There are several parks in the city - “Victory Park”, the ancient “Lower Park” and “Upper Park”, “Bykhanov Garden”, “Metallurgists’ Park”, “Molodezhny”, “Svobodny Sokol” park, recreation areas in Kamenny Log. In the area of the Oktyabrsky Bridge on the right bank of the Voronezh River there is an extreme park, a ski station with a lift and motocross fields. In the area of SNT "Metallurg-1" in the north of the city there is another ski resort and an autocross track.

Beach holidays in the summer months are organized on several beaches on the Voronezh River: “Central”, “City”, “Sokolsky”, Tractor and Novolipetsk factories, in the area of the Silicate Lakes on areas reclaimed by a dredger, as well as on the coast, backwaters and capes of the Matyrsky reservoir. Amateur and training mountaineering is developed in the area of the abandoned quarry of Stagdok OJSC.