Lipetsk - a city (since 1779) in Russia, the
administrative center of the Lipetsk region. It is the core of the
largest Russian agglomeration with a specialization in the field of
full-cycle ferrous metallurgy, an industrial, agrotechnological and
aviation center, a resort. Population - 509,735 people. (2018). The
distance to Moscow is 450 km, to Voronezh - 132 km.
is one of the largest and second most populated cities in the Black
Soil Region, the fifth in the Central Federal District and the
thirty-sixth in Russia. Located on the Voronezh River in the
forest-steppe zone at the junction of the Central Russian Upland and
the Oka-Don Plain. An important motor hub of agglomeration and
regional importance, located between the federal routes “Don” and
“Caspiy”, has a developed network of industrial railways, the
largest transshipment deadlock. Center of a special economic zone of
industrial type. One of the youngest regional centers of Russia.
Lipetsk is a big industrial center with agricultural background
and provincial atmosphere, despite its half million population. The
city was founded in the beginning of 18th century, but became a
growing regional capital only in 1954, when Lipetsk Oblast was
formed. That is why it lacks architectural heritage and cultural
Traditionally, Lipetsk has been one of the most
socialistic cities in Russia. For some 10-15 years after Soviet
Union collapse the city authorities provided free public transport
and telephone service for locals. This costed additional tax to the
city business. Now the situation has changed: Lipetsk Oblast became
one of Russian 6 Special Economic Zones with tax reduction for local
Visited mainly by business travellers, Lipetsk is
not a major tourist destination. So, while you are in business trip
you can discover the provincial charm of this city. You can also use
Lipetsk as a convenient stopover in a road trip from Moscow to
Southern Russia or escape there for a weekend from hustle and bustle
History of Lipetsk
Lipetsk was first mentioned in the 13th-century chronicles. The
name means "Linden city" and is cognate with Leipzig and Liepāja. In
1284, the city was destroyed by the Mongols.
of the modern city dates back to 1703 when Peter the Great ordered
the construction of a cast iron factory in Lipetsk near the iron ore
deposits for making artillery shells. On September 27, 1779, Lipetsk
was granted town status. It became one of the principal towns of
In 1879, Lipetsk hosted a congress of
members of Land and Liberty.
After the Treaty of Rapallo
(1922) until 1933, the much-reduced German Army (Reichswehr) of the
Weimar Republic secretly contracted with Soviet authorities to
operate a clandestine military aviation base and test facility near
Lipetsk – circumventing prohibitions of the Versailles Treaty. The
base enabled technical collaboration by the two powers whose
separate defeats in World War I left them isolated in post-war
Europe. This activity inside the U.S.S.R. took place away from the
vigilant eyes of the victors.
By air Lipetsk has a domestic airport, which serves flights to
Moscow (daily), Saint Petersburg (2 times a week), Sochi, Anapa, and
Kostroma (weekly). Flights are quite expensive: a one-way ride from
Moscow costs 6,000 RUR.
By train Train is the most
reliable way of getting to Lipetsk. 2 overnight trains go from
Moscow Paveletsky Station on daily basis, other train connections
are with Saint Petersburg and Sochi. One way 2nd class ticket from
Moscow to Lipetsk costs about 2000 RUR / 30 EUR.
Lipetsk has a good bus connection with Moscow. Several private
operators provide 7-10 daily trips from Paveletskaya metro station
of Moscow to Lipetsk train station and back. Expect 8 hours to go,
600-700 RUR / 15-18 EUR to pay and loud video in the coach for all
the way. Bus collisions are regularly reported on southern
directions, so be attentive taking this risk.
Depending on traffic, the road to Lipetsk can take 5-8 hours from
Moscow. Take M4-RUS.svg road to Rostov-on-the-Don and turn left to
Lipetsk soon after Yelets. Alternatively, turn from M4-RUS.svg to
M6-RUS.svg road after Kashira, then turn right to Lipetsk after some
200+ km drive. This second way is shorter in kilometres, but worse
in road quality and traffic.
Get around Lipetsk has a
Russian standard public transportation system with buses,
trolleybuses and marshrutkas. Everything is a bit uncomfortable. The
cost of ride is 10 RUR / 0,25 EUR. Taxis are widespread and
inexpensive, but non-English-speaking.