Ermak Travel Guide

 

Lipetsk

Lipetsk

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Lipetsk

Lipetsk - a city (since 1779) in Russia, the administrative center of the Lipetsk region. It is the core of the largest Russian agglomeration with a specialization in the field of full-cycle ferrous metallurgy, an industrial, agrotechnological and aviation center, a resort. Population - 509,735 people. (2018). The distance to Moscow is 450 km, to Voronezh - 132 km.

Lipetsk is one of the largest and second most populated cities in the Black Soil Region, the fifth in the Central Federal District and the thirty-sixth in Russia. Located on the Voronezh River in the forest-steppe zone at the junction of the Central Russian Upland and the Oka-Don Plain. An important motor hub of agglomeration and regional importance, located between the federal routes “Don” and “Caspiy”, has a developed network of industrial railways, the largest transshipment deadlock. Center of a special economic zone of industrial type. One of the youngest regional centers of Russia.

 

 

 

Lipetsk is a big industrial center with agricultural background and provincial atmosphere, despite its half million population. The city was founded in the beginning of 18th century, but became a growing regional capital only in 1954, when Lipetsk Oblast was formed. That is why it lacks architectural heritage and cultural legacy.

Traditionally, Lipetsk has been one of the most socialistic cities in Russia. For some 10-15 years after Soviet Union collapse the city authorities provided free public transport and telephone service for locals. This costed additional tax to the city business. Now the situation has changed: Lipetsk Oblast became one of Russian 6 Special Economic Zones with tax reduction for local companies.

Visited mainly by business travellers, Lipetsk is not a major tourist destination. So, while you are in business trip you can discover the provincial charm of this city. You can also use Lipetsk as a convenient stopover in a road trip from Moscow to Southern Russia or escape there for a weekend from hustle and bustle of Moscow.

 

 

History of Lipetsk

Lipetsk was first mentioned in the 13th-century chronicles. The name means "Linden city" and is cognate with Leipzig and Liepāja. In 1284, the city was destroyed by the Mongols.

The foundation of the modern city dates back to 1703 when Peter the Great ordered the construction of a cast iron factory in Lipetsk near the iron ore deposits for making artillery shells. On September 27, 1779, Lipetsk was granted town status. It became one of the principal towns of Tambov Governorate.

In 1879, Lipetsk hosted a congress of members of Land and Liberty.

After the Treaty of Rapallo (1922) until 1933, the much-reduced German Army (Reichswehr) of the Weimar Republic secretly contracted with Soviet authorities to operate a clandestine military aviation base and test facility near Lipetsk – circumventing prohibitions of the Versailles Treaty. The base enabled technical collaboration by the two powers whose separate defeats in World War I left them isolated in post-war Europe. This activity inside the U.S.S.R. took place away from the vigilant eyes of the victors.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

By air
Lipetsk has a domestic airport, which serves flights to Moscow (daily), Saint Petersburg (2 times a week), Sochi, Anapa, and Kostroma (weekly). Flights are quite expensive: a one-way ride from Moscow costs 6,000 RUR.

By train
Train is the most reliable way of getting to Lipetsk. 2 overnight trains go from Moscow Paveletsky Station on daily basis, other train connections are with Saint Petersburg and Sochi. One way 2nd class ticket from Moscow to Lipetsk costs about 2000 RUR / 30 EUR.

By bus
Lipetsk has a good bus connection with Moscow. Several private operators provide 7-10 daily trips from Paveletskaya metro station of Moscow to Lipetsk train station and back. Expect 8 hours to go, 600-700 RUR / 15-18 EUR to pay and loud video in the coach for all the way. Bus collisions are regularly reported on southern directions, so be attentive taking this risk.

By car
Depending on traffic, the road to Lipetsk can take 5-8 hours from Moscow. Take M4-RUS.svg road to Rostov-on-the-Don and turn left to Lipetsk soon after Yelets. Alternatively, turn from M4-RUS.svg to M6-RUS.svg road after Kashira, then turn right to Lipetsk after some 200+ km drive. This second way is shorter in kilometres, but worse in road quality and traffic.

Get around
Lipetsk has a Russian standard public transportation system with buses, trolleybuses and marshrutkas. Everything is a bit uncomfortable. The cost of ride is 10 RUR / 0,25 EUR. Taxis are widespread and inexpensive, but non-English-speaking.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cafe "Hutorok" ("Хуторок") near Train station. 24 hours

Drink
Lipetskaya mineral water

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

Visa Centers
Italy, Prospekt Pobedy, 29, ☎ +7 4742 519-059, fax: +7 (4742) 519-059. Mon-Fri 9AM - 4PM