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Livadiya or Livadia
Livadiya is a small historic
settlement located 3 km South West of Yalta. It is famous as a
former residence of imperial family who cme to Crimea regularly.
During WWII it became the official residence of three leaders
Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt who came here to discuss post war
Area of modern day Livadiya (Livadia) have
been inhabited at least since the Bronze Age (3rd millennium BC).
Although basin of the Black Sea was largely inhabited by the Greek
colonists during Antiquity, archeologists didn't find remains of
Hellenistic presence in the Livadiya itself. The remains of a large
complex of pottery making furnace, medieval settlement with the
church and burial ground show that people lived here in the Middle
Ages. The cliff Hachla Kayasy in Oreanda preserved a medieval castle
ruins that date back to 10th- 12th century.
After Russian Empire conquered Crimea part of
the land on the Southern coast was distributed among Russian
soldiers of Greek descent that made up part of the Balaklava
batalion. Unit commander Theodosius Revelioti paid his subordinates
and bought back some of the best land including Livadiya. In 1834 he
sold the estate to the Polish magnate Count Leo Potocki. It was him
who gave Livadiya its modern name that is derived from the Greek
(λιβαδι) that can be translated as a "meadow".
Other version claimed that the name of the
town was given by Lambro Kachoni (Labros Katsonis) national hero of
Greece, a pirate and the colonol of the Russian army, a native of
Levadia, a town in central Greece. Katsonis bought the estate in
1799 in the town of Panas Cair (sacraded meadow) and called his new
lands with the name of his hometown. Later the name was spread to
the whole area.
In the late 1830s new owner of Livadiya laid
a large area of vineyard. It grew in size and in 1860 it amounted to
19 acres. In 1848 estate gave 2,500 buckets of wine and in 1853 its
amount equalled 4000 buckets.
Travel Destinations in Livadiya (Livadia)
Livadiya is located 3 km South West of Yalta.
The central area of Livadiya is located on the Eastern slope of the
mountain Mogabi at an elevation of 141 meters above sea level. It
covers a total area of 175 hectares. Yalta-
Sevastopol highway passes through