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Description of Meshchyorsky National Park
The Meshchersky National Park is a national park
located in the territories of Klepikovsky and Ryazan districts of
the Ryazan region of Russia. In the park there are places associated
K. Paustovsky - the village of Grishino
S. Yesenin -
A. Arkhipov - the village of Egorovo.
The list of
architectural monuments includes:
Renovation Church (v.
Church of the Intercession (p. Seleznevo,
Assumption Church (v. Struzhany, 1910)
Transfiguration Church (Spas-Klepiki, 1860).
In addition, there
are over 100 archeological monuments in the park, including the
sites of the ancient man: Black Mountain, Vladychinskaya, Shagara,
Sovka, Tyuk town, Deulinsky burial ground, etc.
Meshchyorsky National Park is highly popular for outdoor
recreation - hiking, cycling, camping, boating, fishing, collecting
berries and mushrooms, etc. The park strongly emphasizes ecological
education, with children's camps, festivals, and scientific
Meshchyorsky National Park is located in a
flat, ancient alluvial valley formed during the Quaternary Period as
the Oka and Dnieper glaciers (and the Moscow glacier on the
northwest edge of the park), receded and left a glaciofluvial cover.
The Pra River watershed contains small rivers (including the Buzh
and the Pol), streams, and a 48 km chain of lakes interconnected by
channels. The lakes are shallow (under 1.1 meters at low water),
with marshland along the shores. The largest lakes are Lake
Velikoye, which has an open water area of 20.7 km2, Lake Dubovoye
(12.2 km2) and Lake Martynovo (2.46 km2). At the confluence of the
Pra and Oka rivers, the floodplain is 10 km wide.
altitude of land in the Meshchyorsky National Park ranges only 40
meters vertically, from 80 to 120 meters above sea level. The
wetlands experience floods in the spring, and low-water levels and
dryness during the summer dry season. As with most national parks in
Russia, the territory is zoned for different uses and levels of
protection. By the 1995 zoning plan, Meshchyorsky is laid out for
Zone of Strict Protection: 20.1 thousand
Ecological Restoration: 50.8 thousand hectares (49.3%)
Traditional Economic Activities: 29.4 thousand hectares (28.6%)
Recreation and Visitor Services: 2.7 thousand hectares (2.6%)